† Pleurocystites


Additional Functions


Belong­ing to

Gaeabionta  ⇒ Domäne: Eukaryota  ⇒ Reich: Animalia  ⇒ Mittelreich: Eumetazoa  ⇒ Klade: Triploblastica  ⇒ Klade: Nephrozoa  ⇒ Abzweig: Deuterostomia  ⇒ Klade: Ambulacraria  ⇒ Stamm: Echinodermata  ⇒ Unterstamm: Pelmatozoa  ⇒ Klasse: Cystoidea  ⇒ Unterklasse: Rhombifera  ⇒ Überfamilie: Glyptocystitoida  ⇒ Familie: Pleurocystitidae  ⇒ Unterfamilie: Pleurocystitinae

Taxo­nomic seg­ment


This mentioned taxonomy is an attempt to make an conclusive assignment from the different classifications of various scientists. Because the taxonomy may change due to the latest investigative methods and other findings, our map is a guide only.

Name from

Corre­spond­ing author (Name, Year)

Other languages



Alternative Name



Jaekel, 1918
Ref.: O. Jaekel. 1918. Phylogenie und System der Pelmatozoen. Paläeontologische Zeitschrift 3(1):1-128

Lebenszeitraum in Million Jahren (Ma)

Start age: 458.4 Ma - End age: 443.7 Ma
Upper Ordovician
(Oberes Ordovizium)

Additional data by PBDB, License: CC BY

Motility: attached, stationary
Habit: intermediate-level epifaunal
Environment: marine

suspension feeder

Compositon of the remains:

high Mg Calcite

Reference- and Source indication, Literature

Next lower taxonomy level

On the same taxonomic level (siblings) (Count: 4)

Taxonomic assignment (9)

References by PBDB, License: CC BY

  • J. J. Sepkoski, Jr., 2002 - A compendium of fossil marine animal genera - Bulletins of American Paleontology (363), 1-560 (serial monograph, English)
  • J. C. Brower, 1999 - A New Pleurocystitid Rhombiferan Echinoderm from the Middle Ordovician Galena Group of Northern Iowa and Southern Minnesota - Journal of Paleontology (73), 129-153 (journal article, English)
  • C. D. Sumrall, 1995 - Plating and pectinirhombs of the Ordovician rhombiferan Plethoschisma - Journal of Paleontology (69), 772-779 (journal article, English)
  • G. Regnell, 1981 - Echinoderms from the Ordovician of the Girvan district, Scotland, with the description of two new species: Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh - Earth Sciences (72), 49-56 (journal article, English)
  • T. E. Bolton, 1970 - Echinodermata from the Ordovician (Pleurocystites, Cremacrinus) and Silurian (Hemicystites, Protaxocrinus, Macnamaratylus) of Lake Timiskaming region, Ontario and Quebec - Geological Survey of Canada Bulletin (187), 59-66 (journal article, English)
  • R. L. Parsley, 1970 - Revision of the North American Pleurocystitidae (Rhombifera-Cystoidea) - Bulletins of American Paleontology (58), 135-213 (journal article, English)
  • A. E. Wilson, 1946 - Echinodermata of the Ottawa Formation of the Ottawa-St. Lawrence lowland - Geological Survey of Canada Bulletin (4), 1-61 (journal article, English)
  • R. S. Bassler, 1943 - Bibliographic and faunal index of Paleozoic pelmatozoan echinoderms - Geological Society of America Special Paper (45), 1-734 (journal article, English)
  • W. H. Twenhofel, 1928 - Geology of Anticosti Island - Geological Survey of Canada Memoir (154), 1-351 (journal article, English)
  • P. E. Raymond, 1921 - A contribution to the description of the fauna of the Trenton Group - Geological Survey of Canada Bulletin (31), 1-64 (journal article, English)
  • O. Jaekel, 1918 - Phylogenie und System der Pelmatozoen - Paläeontologische Zeitschrift (3), 1-128 (journal article, German)
  • E. Billings, 1874 - Paleozoic Fossils, v. II, pt. I - Canada Geological Survey (), 1-144 (book/book chapter, English)