Additional Functions


Belong­ing to

Gaeabionta  ⇒ Domäne: Eukaryota  ⇒ Reich: Animalia  ⇒ Mittelreich: Eumetazoa  ⇒ Klade: Triploblastica  ⇒ Klade: Nephrozoa  ⇒ Abzweig: Deuterostomia  ⇒ Stamm: Chordata  ⇒ Unterstamm: Vertebrata  ⇒ Infrastamm: Gnathostomata  ⇒ Superklasse: Pisces  ⇒ Klasse: Chondrichthyes  ⇒ Unterklasse: Elasmobranchii  ⇒ Kohorte: Euselachii  ⇒ Subkohorte: Neoselachii  ⇒ Superordnung: Galeomorphii  ⇒ Ordnung: Lamniformes

Taxo­nomic seg­ment


This mentioned taxonomy is an attempt to make an conclusive assignment from the different classifications of various scientists. Because the taxonomy may change due to the latest investigative methods and other findings, our map is a guide only.

Name from

Corre­spond­ing author (Name, Year)

Müller & Henle, 1839

Lebenszeitraum in Million Jahren (Ma)

Start age: 132.9 Ma - End age: 0.0117 Ma
Upper Pleistocene
Upper/Late Cretaceous
Lower/Early Cretaceous

Additional data by PBDB, License: CC BY

Motility: actively mobile
Environment: marine
Compositon of the remains:


Reference- and Source indication, Literature

Next lower taxonomy level

On the same taxonomic level (siblings) (Count: 23)

Taxonomic assignment (117)

References by PBDB, License: CC BY

  • J. A. Villafaña, 2020 - Sharks, rays and skates (Chondrichthyes, Elasmobranchii)from the Upper Marine Molasse (middle Burdigalian, early Miocene) of the Simssee area (Bavaria, Germany), with comments on palaeogeographic and ecological patterns - PalZ (), - (journal article, English)
  • G. Marramà, 2019 - Eocene sand tiger sharks (Lamniformes, Odontaspididae) from the Bolca Konservat- Lagerstätte, Italy: palaeobiology, palaeobiogeography and evolutionary significance - Historical Biology (31), 102-116 (journal article, English)
  • J. W. Hoganson, 2019 - Chondrichthyan and osteichthyan paleofaunas from the Cretaceous (LateMaastrichtian) Fox Hills Formation of North Dakota, USA: paleoecology, paleogeography, and extinction - Bulletins of American Paleontology (398), 1-94 (serial monograph, English)
  • J. A. Ebersole, 2019 - Taxonomy and biostratigraphy of the elasmobranchs and bony fishes (Chondrichthyes and Osteichthyes) of the lower-to-middle Eocene (Ypresian to Bartonian) Claiborne Group in Alabama, USA, including an analysis of otoliths - European Journal of Taxonomy (585), 1-274 (journal article, English)
  • B. W. Kent, 2018 - The Cartilaginous Fishes (Chimaeras, Sharks, and Rays) of Calvert Cliffs, Maryland, USA - Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology (100), 45-160 (journal article, English)
  • G. Guinot, 2018 - Lamniform sharks from the Cenomanian (Upper Cretaceous) of Venezuela - Cretaceous Research (82), 1-20 (journal article, English)
  • M. Szabo, 2017 - Upper Oligocene marine fishes from nearshore deposits of the Central Paratethys (Máriahalom, Hungary) - Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments (), - (journal article, English)
  • K. N. Bice, 2016 - Fossil marine vertebrates from the Codell Sandstone Member (middle Turonian) of the Upper Cretaceous Carlile Shale in Jewell County, Kansas, USA - Cretaceous Research (65), 172-198 (journal article, English)
  • J. C. Corral, 2016 - Upper Maastrichtian shallow marine environments and neoselachian assemblages in North Iberian palaeomargin (Castilian Ramp, Spain) - Cretaceous Research (57), 639-661 (journal article, English)
  • K. Shimada, 2015 - A new clade of putative plankton-feeding sharks from the Upper Cretaceous of Russia and the United States - Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology (35), e9813- (journal article, English)
  • G. Guinot, 2013 - Sharks (Elasmobranchii: Euselachii) from the Late Cretaceous of France and the UK - Journal of Systematic Palaeontology (11), 589-671 (journal article, English)
  • T. D. Cook, 2013 - A high latitude euselachian assemblage from the early Turonian of Alberta, Canada - Journal of Systematic Palaeontology (11), 555-587 (journal article, English)
  • C. J. Underwood, 2011 - Marine vertebrates from the ‘Middle’ Cretaceous (Early Cenomanian) of South India - Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology (31), 539-552 (journal article, English)
  • J. Bourdon, 2011 - Selachians from the Upper Cretaceous (Santonian) Hosta Tongue of the Point Lookout Sandstone, central New Mexico - New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science Bulletin (52), 1-54 (journal article, English)
  • C. J. Underwood, 2010 - Chondrichthyans from a Cenomanian (Late Cretaceous) bonebed, Saskatchewan, Canada - Palaeontology (53), 903-944 (journal article, English)
  • R. Vullo, 2007 - New sharks and rays from the Cenomanian and Turonian of Charentes, France - Acta Palaeontologica Polonica (52), 99-116 (journal article, English)
  • K. Shimada, 2007 - Mesozoic origin for megamouth shark (Lamniformes: Megachasmidae) - Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology (27), 512-516 (journal article, English)
  • S. Marsili, 2007 - Early Miocene vertebrates from Montagna della Maiella, Italy - Annales de Paleontologie (93), 27-66 (journal article, English)
  • S. Adnet, 2007 - New tropical carcharhinids (chondrichthyes, Carcharhiniformes) from the late Eocene–early Oligocene of Balochistan, Pakistan: Paleoenvironmental and paleogeographic implications - Journal of Asian Earth Sciences (30), 303-323 (journal article, English)
  • K. Shimada, 2006 - Fossil marine vertebrates from the lowermost Greenhorn Limestone (Upper Cretaceous: Middle Cenomanian) in southeastern Colorado - Journal of Paleontology (80), 1-45 (journal article, English)
  • R. Tabuce, 2005 - Aznag (bassin d'Ouarzazate, Maroc), nouvelle localite a selaciens et mammiferes de l'Eocene moyen (Lutetien) d'Afrique - Bulletin de la societe Geologique du France (2005), 381-400 (journal article, English)
  • L. V. Compagno, 2005 - Chapter 16. Checklist of living Chondrichthyes - Reproductive Biology and Phylogeny of Chondrichthyes: Sharks, Batoids and Chimaeras (), 503-548 (book chapter, English)
  • H. Cappetta, 2005 - Révision de quelques Odontaspididae (Neoselachii: Lamniformes) du Paléocène et de l'Eocène du Bassin de la mer du Nord - Bulletin de l'institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, Sciences de la Terre (75), 237-266 (journal article, French)
  • J. J. Sepkoski, Jr., 2002 - A compendium of fossil marine animal genera - Bulletins of American Paleontology (363), 1-560 (serial monograph, English)
  • J. Peng, 2001 - Vertebrate microsite assemblages (exclusive of mammals) from the Foremost and Oldman Formations of the Judith River Group (Campanian) of southeastern Alberta: an illustrated guide - Provincial Museum of Alberta, Natural History Occasional Paper (25), 1-54 (journal article, English)
  • R. W. Purdy, 2001 - The Neogene sharks, rays, and bony fishes from Lee Creek Mine, Aurora, North Carolina - Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology (90), 71-202 (journal article, English)
  • T. Mors, 2000 - Die erst Wirbeltierfauna aus der miozanen Braunkohle der Niederrheinischen Bucht (Ville-Schichten, Tagebau Hambach) [The first vertebrate fauna from the Miocene Ville Series of the Lower Rhine Embayment (Hambach open cast mine, western Germany)] - Paläontologische Zeitschrift (74), 145-170 (journal article, German)
  • H. Cappetta, 1999 - Additions aux faunes de sélaciens du Crétacé du Texas (Albien supérieur-Campanien) - Palaeo Ichthyologica (9), 5-111 (journal article, French)
  • H. Cappetta, 1999 - Upper Maastrichtian selachians from the Condado de Treviño (Basque-Cantabrian Region, Iberian Peninsula) - Estudios del Museo de Ciencias Naturales de Álava (14), 339-372 (journal article, English)
  • K. Shimada, 1997 - Dentition of the Late Cretaceous lamniform shark, Cretoxyrhina mantelli, from the Niobrara Chalk of Kansas - Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology (17), 269-279 (journal article, English)
  • G. R. Case, 1994 - Fossil fish remains from the Late Paleocene Tuscahoma and Early Eocene Bashi Formations of Meridian, Lauderdale County, Mississippi, Part I. Selachians - Palaeontographica Abteilung A (230), 97-138 (journal article, English)
  • A. M. Cvancara, 1993 - Vertebrates of the Cannonball Formation (Paleocene) in North and South Dakota - Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology (13), 1-23 (journal article, English)
  • G. R. Case, 1988 - Late Cretaceous Fish from the Blufftown Formation (Campanian) in Western Georgia - Journal of Paleontology (62), 290-301 (journal article, English)
  • J. T. Thurmond, 1981 - - Fossil Vertebrates of Alabama (), 1-244 (book, English)
  • G. R. Case, 1981 - Late Eocene Selachians from South-Central Georgia - Palaeontographica Abteilung A (176), 52-79 (journal article, English)
  • G. R. Case, 1978 - A new selachian fauna from the Judith River Formation (Campanian) of Montana - Palaeontographica Abteilung A (160), 176-205 (journal article, English)
  • J. Herman, 1975 - Les Selaciens de sterrains neocretaces and paleocenes de Belgique and des contrees limitrophes Elements d'une biostratigraphie intercontinentale - Memoires pour servier a l'explications des Cartes geologiques et minieres de la Belgique (15), 1-401 (journal article, French)
  • B. H. Slaughter, 1974 - A lower Cenomanian (Cretaceous) ichthyofauna from the Bahariya Formation of Egypt - Annals of the Geological Survey of Egypt (4), 25-40 (journal article, English)
  • H. Cappetta, 1973 - Selachians from the Carlile Shale (Turonian) of South Dakota - Journal of Paleontology (47), 504-514 (journal article, English)
  • L. S. Glükman, 1964 - Class Chondrichthyes, cartilaginous fishes. Subclass Elasmobranchii (sharks) - In D. V. Obruchev (ed.), Fundamentals of Paleontology. Vol. XI. Agnatha, Pisces. Izdatel'stvo "Nauka", Moscow (), 292-352 (serial monograph, English)
  • E. I. White, 1956 - The Eocene fishes of Alabama - Bulletins of American Paleontology (35), 122-152 (journal article, English)
  • M. Leriche, 1942 - Contribution a l'etude des faunes ichthyologiques marines des terrains tertiaires de la plaine cotiere Atlantique et du centre des Etats-Unis - Memoires de la Societe Geologique de France (45), 1-111 (journal article, French)
  • J. A. Dalinkevičius, 1935 - On the fossil fishes of the Lithuanian Chalk. I. Selachii - Vytauto Didžiojo Universiteto Matematikos-Gamtos Fakulteto Darbai (9), 243-305 (journal article, English)
  • E. I. White, 1926 - Eocene fishes from Nigeria - Bulletin of the Geological Survey of Nigeria (10), 1-87 (journal article, English)
  • F. Chapman, 1924 - New or little-known fossils in the National Museum, Part XXVII.-Some Cainozoic fish remains, with a revision of the group - Royal Society of Victoria (36), 107-162 (journal article, English)
  • D. S. Jordan, 1923 - Fossil sharks and rays of the Pacific slope of North America - Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences (22), 27-63 (journal article, English)
  • D. S. Jordan, 1919 - Fossil Fishes of the Miocene (Monterey) Formations - Leland Stanford Junior University Publications, University Series (), 13-60 (book/book chapter, English)
  • F. Chapman, 1918 - Descriptions and Revisions of the Cretaceous and Tertiary Fish-remains of New Zealand - New Zealand Geological Survey Branch Palaeontological Bulletin (7), 1-41 (journal article, English)
  • E. Stromer, 1910 - Reptilien und Fischreste aus dem marinen Alttertiär von Südtogo (West Africa) - Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft (62), 478-505 (journal article, English)
  • C. R. Eastman, 1904 - Systematic Paleontology: Pisces - Maryland Geological Survey Miocene, Text (), 71-93 (journal article, English)
  • F. Ameghino, 1901 - L' age des Formations sedimentaires de Patagonie - Anales de la Sociedad Cientifica Argentina (52), 189-197 (journal article, Portugese)
  • A. S. Woodward, 1889 - - Catalogue of the Fossil Fishes in the British Museum (Natural History) Part 1 (), 1-613 (serial monograph, English)
  • J. W. Davis, 1888 - On fossil-fish remains from the Tertiary and Cretaceo-Tertiary formations of New Zealand - Scientific Transactions of the Royal Dublin Society (4), 1-48 (journal article, English)
  • L. Agassiz, 1843 - - Recherches Sur Les Poissons Fossiles. Tome I (livr. 18). Imprimerie de Petitpierre, Neuchatel (), xxxii-188 (book, English)
  • L. Agassiz, 1843 - - Recherches Sur Les Poissons Fossiles. Tome III (livr. 15-16). Imprimérie de Petitpierre, Neuchatel (), 157-390 (book, French)