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Aurichalcite

Pictures (259 Images total)

Aurichalcit auf Smithsonit
Views (Image: 1285273455): 7570, Rating: 9.75
Aurichalcit auf Smithsonit

Größe: 3,14 mm; Fundort: Monte Naro, Torrebelvicino, Vicenza, Provinz, Venetien (Veneto), Region, Italien

Copyright: Matteo Chinellato
Contribution: Hg 2010-09-23
Locality: Monte Naro / Torrebelvicino / Vicenza, Provinz / Venetien (Veneto), Region / Italien
Aurichalcit
Views (Image: 1634158479): 57
Aurichalcit (SNr: 939)

Aurichalcit BB ca.3 mm Deutschland/Nordrhein-Westfalen/Köln, Bezirk/Aachen, Städteregion/Stolberg,Kohlbusch

Collection: anatase2
Copyright: J.Mandler
Contribution: anatase2 2021-10-13
Locality: Stolberg / Aachen, Städteregion / Köln, Bezirk / Nordrhein-Westfalen / Deutschland
Aurichalcit
Views (Image: 1634732000): 72
Aurichalcit

Sa Duchessa mine, Sardinien; Bb 6 mm; Begleiter: Malachit.

Collection: Guy Heinen
Copyright: Guy Heinen
Contribution: guyhein 2021-10-20
Locality: Sa Duchessa / Oridda / Domusnovas / Iglesias / Sud Sardegna, Provinz / Sardinien (Sardegna), Region / Italien
Aurichalcit
Views (Image: 1244106389): 2304, Rating: 8.64
Aurichalcit

Bildbreite: 10 mm; Fundort: Sounio-Revier, Lavrion, Attika, Griechenland

Copyright: Fritz Schreiber
Contribution: Hg 2009-06-04
Locality: Sounion, Revier / Lavrion (Laurion), Bergbaudistrikt / Attika (Attikí, Attica) / Griechenland
Aurichalcit
Views (Image: 1328568008): 5463, Rating: 9.4
Aurichalcit

auf Chalcedon welcher zum Teil auf Chalkotrichit sitzt; Bildbreite: 3,7 mm; Grube Virneberg, Rheinbreitbach, Rheinland-Pfalz, Deutschland;

Collection: Wilhelm Göbel
Copyright: loparit
Contribution: loparit 2012-02-06
Locality: Grube Virneberg / Rheinbreitbach / Neuwied, Kreis / Rheinland-Pfalz / Deutschland
Aurichalcit
Views (Image: 1179842413): 1611, Rating: 8.78
Aurichalcit

Fundort: Hilarion Mine, Revier Kamariza, Lavrion, Griechenland; Bildbreite: 5 mm

Copyright: UlrichW
Contribution: Klinoklas 2007-05-22
Locality: Hilarion Mine (Hilarion-Stollen, Mine Nr. 50) / Kamariza / Lavrion (Laurion), Bergbaudistrikt / Attika (Attikí, Attica) / Griechenland

Collectors Summary

Color grün, blau
Streak color grünblau
Lustre Perlmuttglanz-, Seidenglanz
Hardness (Mohs) 2
Solubility +++ Säuren, NH4OH
Crystal System monoklin, P21/m
Morphology nadelig, tafelig, Büschel, Rosetten, Krusten

Chemism

Chem­ical formula

(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6

Chem­ical com­po­si­tion

Kupfer, Zink, Kohlenstoff, Sauerstoff, Wasserstoff

Unit weight: 546.780527 u; Number of atoms in the formula: 25

Info

Empirical formula:

(Zn0.75Cu0.25)5(CO3)2(OH)6

Element

Symbol

Weight%

Atoms

Atoms%

Atom weight (u)

Sum weight (u)

Hydrogen

H

1.11

6

24.00

1.0079470

6.0476820

Carbon

C

4.39

2

8.00

12.0107800

24.0215600

Oxygen

O

35.11

12

48.00

15.9994300

191.9931600

Copper

Cu

14.53

1.25

5.00

63.5463000

79.4328750

Zinc

Zn

44.86

3.75

15.00

65.4094000

245.2852500

Anal­y­sis wt%

CuO : 19.87, ZnO : 54.01, CO2 : 16.22, H2O : 9.93 (Ref: Dana, 7th ed. 2)

Strunz 9th edi­tion incl. updates

5.BA.15

5: Carbonate (Carbonate, Nitrate)
B: Carbonate mit weitere Anionen, ohne H2O
A: Mit [Cu], [Co], [Ni], [Zn], [Mg], [Mn]
15:Aurichalcit-Gruppe

Lapis Clas­sifica­tion

V/C.01-110

V: NITRATE, CARBONATE UND BORATE
C: Wasserfreie Carbonate, mit fremden Anionen
1: Azurit-Rosasit-Reihe

Clas­sifica­tion by Hölzel

5.BA.310

5: CARBONATES NITRATES ARSENITES SULFITES SELENITES TELLURITES IODATES
B: Carbonates (+Anions -Water)
A: With small-medium cations, V=2
3: Hydrozincite-Group

Dana 8th edi­tion

16a.04.02.01

16a: Carbonates - Hydroxyl or Halogen
04: Carbonates - Hydroxyl or Halogen where (A B)5 (XO3)2 Zq

IMA sta­tus

Erstbeschreibung vor CNMNC-Gründung (1959), als Mineral meist anerkannt

Min­eral sta­tus

anerkanntes Mineral

Optical Properties

Color

grün, blau

Streak color

grünblau

Diaphane­ity (Trans­parency)

transparent

Lus­tre

Perlmuttglanz-, Seidenglanz

max. Birefrin­gence

0.093

Birefringence chart\! Aurichalcite title=Birefringence chart Aurichalcite

Michel-Levy Color Chart viewed according to the maximum birefringence (at 30μm). Mineral color is not taken into account. Click on the image to enlarge or change thickness.

RI value α / ω / n

1.658

RI value β

1.745

RI value γ / ε

1.751

Ri mean

1.718

2V angle

Biaxial (-) 27°

Optical Data Luminescence

Lumi­nes­cence

keine Fluoreszenz bekannt

Crystallography

Crystal Sys­tem

monoklin

Class (H-M)

2/m

Space Group number

11

Space Group

P21/m

Cell param­e­ters a (Å)

13.82

Cell param­e­ters b (Å)

6.419

Cell param­e­ters c (Å)

5.29

Cell param­e­ters a/b or c/a

2.153

Cell param­e­ters c/b

0.824

Cell param­e­ters α

90°

Cell param­e­ters β

101.3

Cell param­e­ters γ

90°

Z

2

Volumne (ų)

460.182

X-Ray Pow­der Diffrac­tion

6.78(100),
3.68(70),
3.25(30),
2.89(40),
2.81(30),
2.72(40),
2.61(80),
1.656(40)

XRD chart Aurichalcite

Calculated from d-spacing and intensity at 0.1541838 nm (Cu)

Morphol­ogy

nadelig, tafelig, Büschel, Rosetten, Krusten

Crystals 3D

Open larger view

Crystal Structure 3D

Open larger view

Physical Properties

Hard­ness (Mohs)

2

VHN (Hard­ness Vick­ers)

18 (ungefähre Angabe abgeleitet aus der Mohshärte)

Density (g/cm³)

3.96 (gemessen) 3.93 (berechnet)

3.946 ( ρ calc. Mineralienatlas )

Insta­bil­ity

+++ Säuren, NH4OH

Preface

Occurrences

Oxidationszone von Buntmetall-Lagerstätten

Author (Name, Year)

Patrin, 1788

References

Handbook of Mineralogy (Anthony et al.), 5 (2003), 39

Related minerals "Strunz Classification" (9. Edition) [Mineral | Chemical formula | Crystal system : Class (H-M) : Space Group | Indenture number]

Aurichalcite

(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6

monoklin : 2/m : P21/m

5.BA.15

Hydrozincite

Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6

monoklin : 2/m : C2/m

5.BA.15

Related minerals "Lapis Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula | Crystal system : Class (H-M) : Space Group | Indenture number]

Azurite

Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2

monoklin : 2/m : P21/c

V/C.01-010

Malachite

Cu2(CO3)(OH)2

monoklin : 2/m : P21/a

V/C.01-020

Georgeite

Cu52+(CO3)3(OH)4·6H2O

amorph

V/C.01-025

Chukanovite

Fe2(CO3)(OH)2

monoklin : 2, 2/m : P21, P21/m

V/C.01-027

Pokrovskite

Mg2(CO3)(OH)2·0.5H2O

monoklin : 2/m : P21/a

V/C.01-030

Mcguinnessite

(Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2

monoklin : 2/m : P2a, P21/a

V/C.01-040

Kolwezite

CuCo(CO3)(OH)2

triklin : 1, 1 : P1, P1

V/C.01-050

Glaukosphaerite

(Cu,Ni)2(CO3)(OH)2

monoklin : 2/m : P21/a

V/C.01-060

Nullaginite

Ni2(CO3)(OH)2

monoklin : 2, 2/m : P21, P21/m

V/C.01-070

Rosasite

(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2

monoklin : 2/m : P21/a

V/C.01-080

'Zincrosasite'

(Zn,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2

V/C.01-090

Hydrozincite

Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6

monoklin : 2/m : C2/m

V/C.01-100

Brianyoungite

Zn3[(OH)4|(CO3,SO4)]

V/C.01-105

Aurichalcite

(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6

monoklin : 2/m : P21/m

V/C.01-110

Loseyite

(Mn,Zn)7(CO3)2(OH)10

monoklin : 2/m : A2/a

V/C.01-120

Sclarite

(Zn,Mg,Mn2+)4Zn3(CO3)2(OH)10

monoklin : 2/m : A2/a

V/C.01-130

Related minerals "Hoelzel Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula : Crystal system : Class (H-M) | Space Group | Indenture number]

Hydrozincite

Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6

monoklin : 2/m : C2/m

5.BA.300

Aurichalcite

(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6

monoklin : 2/m : P21/m

5.BA.310

Brianyoungite

Zn3[(OH)4|(CO3,SO4)]

5.BA.340

Paraotwayite

Ni(OH)2-x(SO4,CO3)0.5x

5.BA.350

Related minerals "Dana 8. Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula : Crystal system : Class (H-M) | Space Group | Indenture number]

Hydrozincite

Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6

monoklin : 2/m : C2/m

16a.04.01.01

Aurichalcite

(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6

monoklin : 2/m : P21/m

16a.04.02.01

Alternative Name

Auricalcite

Aurichalcita

Blue Calamine

Buratit

Buratita

Buratite

French

Calamine verdâtre

Kupferzincblüthe

Kupferzinkblüte

Messingblüte

German

Messingblüthe

Messingit

Messingita

Messingite

French

Mine de Laiton

French

Mine de Laiton de Pise en Toscane

Orichalcit

Orichalcita

Orichalcite

Risseit

Risseita

Risseite

Rissite

Japanese

水亜鉛銅鉱

CNMNC symbol

Symbol

Ach

Automatic Links to external internet sources (Responsibility is with the operator)

German pages

DeWikiPedia - search for: Aurichalcit
Google-Bilder-Suche - search for: Aurichalcit
Mineralogisch-Petrographisches-Institut Hamburg - search for: Aurichalcit

English pages

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RRUFF - References and PDF downloads - search for: Aurichalcite
American-Mineralogist-Crystal-Structure-Database - search for: Aurichalcite
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Russian pages

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German pages

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Locations with GPS information