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Bieberite

Pictures (2 Images total)

Bieberit
Views (Image: 1285584490): 3078
Bieberit

Blass rosaweißes Pulver von Bieberit in Glasphiole. Von der Typlokalität Bieber, Spessart, Hessen, Deutschland. Ex William S. Vaux Collection via Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. Mit Or...

Collection: raritätenjäger
Copyright: raritätenjäger
Contribution: raritätenjäger 2010-09-27
Locality: Lochborn / Bieber / Biebergemünd / Main-Kinzig-Kreis / Darmstadt, Bezirk / Hessen / Deutschland
Bieberit
Views (Image: 1108537841): 3249
Bieberit

Blassrosa Bieberit-Krusten; Stufengröße: 3,5 x 2,7 cm; Fundort: Maubacher Bleiberg bei Düren, Nordeifel, Aachen-Mechernich, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Deutschland

Collection: McSchuerf
Copyright: McSchuerf
Contribution: Mineralienatlas 2005-02-16
Locality: Maubacher Bleiberg / Untermaubach / Kreuzau / Düren, Kreis / Köln, Bezirk / Nordrhein-Westfalen / Deutschland

Collectors Summary

Color blassrosa rot, fleischrosa
Streak color weiß
Hardness (Mohs) 2
Solubility +++ H2O, dehydr. zum Hexahydrat an der Luft
Crystal System monoklin, P21/c

Chemism

Chem­ical formula

CoSO4·7 H2O

Chem­ical com­po­si­tion

Kobalt, Sauerstoff, Schwefel, Wasserstoff

Unit weight: 281.1036889 u; Number of atoms in the formula: 27

Info

Empirical formula:

CoSO4·7H2O

Element

Symbol

Weight%

Atoms

Atoms%

Atom weight (u)

Sum weight (u)

Hydrogen

H

5.02

14

51.85

1.0079470

14.1112580

Oxygen

O

62.61

11

40.74

15.9994300

175.9937300

Sulfur

S

11.41

1

3.70

32.0655000

32.0655000

Cobalt

Co

20.96

1

3.70

58.9332009

58.9332009

Anal­y­sis wt%

MgO : 3.86, CoO : 19.91, SO3 : 29.05, H2O : 46.83 (Ref: Dana, 7th ed. 2)

Strunz 9th edi­tion incl. updates

7.CB.35

7: Sulfate (Selenate, Tellurate, Chromate, Molybdate, Wolframate)
C: Sulfate (Selenate, etc.) ohne weitere Anionen, mit H2O
B: Mit ausschließlich mittelgroßen Kationen
35:Melanterit-Gruppe

Lapis Clas­sifica­tion

VI/C.06-030

VI: SULFATE, CHROMATE, MOLYBDATE UND WOLFRAMATE
C: Wasserhaltige Sulfate, ohne fremde Anionen
6: Mittelgroße Kationen; Melanterit-Gruppe

Clas­sifica­tion by Hölzel

7.CB.450

7: SULFATES CHROMATES MOLYBDATES WOLFRAMATES
C: Sulfates (-Anions +Water)
B: Vitriol-Group, Mg,Fe,Co,Ni,Mn,Cu,Zn-Sulfates with 4 to 7 Water
4: Epsomite-Group

Dana 8th edi­tion

29.06.10.04

29: Hydrated Acid and Sulfates
06: Hydrated Acid and Sulfates where A XO4 · x(H2O)
10: Melanterite Group (Heptahydrates, Monoclinic: P21/c)

IMA sta­tus

Erstbeschreibung vor CNMNC-Gründung (1959), als Mineral meist anerkannt

Min­eral sta­tus

anerkanntes Mineral

Optical Properties

Color

blassrosa rot, fleischrosa

Streak color

weiß

Diaphane­ity (Trans­parency)

durchscheinend

max. Birefrin­gence

0.014

Birefringence chart\! Bieberite title=Birefringence chart Bieberite

Michel-Levy Color Chart viewed according to the maximum birefringence (at 30μm). Mineral color is not taken into account. Click on the image to enlarge or change thickness.

RI value α / ω / n

1.475

RI value β

1.482

RI value γ / ε

1.489

Ri mean

1.482

2V angle

Biaxial (+) 88°

Crystallography

Crystal Sys­tem

monoklin

Class (H-M)

2/m

Space Group number

14

Space Group

P21/c

Cell param­e­ters a (Å)

14.04

Cell param­e­ters b (Å)

6.50

Cell param­e­ters c (Å)

10.93

Cell param­e­ters a/b or c/a

2.160

Cell param­e­ters c/b

1.682

Cell param­e­ters α

90°

Cell param­e­ters β

105.27

Cell param­e­ters γ

90°

Z

4

Volumne (ų)

962.257

X-Ray Pow­der Diffrac­tion

5.41(10),
4.87(100),
4.82(50),
4.52(10),
4.02(10),
3.76(70),
3.71(20),
2.725(20)

XRD chart Bieberite

Calculated from d-spacing and intensity at 0.1541838 nm (Cu)

Crystals 3D

Open larger view

Crystal Structure 3D

Open larger view

Physical Properties

Hard­ness (Mohs)

2

VHN (Hard­ness Vick­ers)

32 (ungefähre Angabe abgeleitet aus der Mohshärte)

Density (g/cm³)

1.9

1.94 ( ρ calc. Mineralienatlas )

Insta­bil­ity

+++ H2O, dehydr. zum Hexahydrat an der Luft

Chem­ical Prop­er­ties and Tests

ergibt eine intensiv blaue Perle

Preface

Author (Name, Year)

Haidinger, 1845

Addi­tional Informa­tion

gut wasserlöslich

Safety Instructions

Industrial chemicals are often present in powder form and therefore often contain much higher dangers than natural, crystalline substances. These hazard statements refer to the classification of industrially used chemical compounds that may also occur in this natural mineral. The hazard classification makes no claim to completeness.




Safety classes: H302: Gesundheitsschädlich bei Verschlucken., H317: Kann allergische Hautreaktionen verursachen., H334: Kann bei Einatmen Allergie, asthmaartige Symptome oder Atembeschwerden verursachen., H341: Kann vermutlich genetische Defekte verursachen., H350i: Kann bei Einatmen Krebs erzeugen., H360F: Kann die Fruchtbarkeit beeinträchtigen., H410: Sehr giftig für Wasserorganismen mit langfristiger Wirkung., P201: Vor Gebrauch besondere Anweisungen einholen., P273: Freisetzung in die Umwelt vermeiden., P280: Schutzhandschuhe / Schutzkleidung / Augenschutz / Gesichtsschutz tragen., P302+P352: Bei Berührung mit der Haut: Mit viel Wasser / … waschen., P304+P340: Bei Einatmen: Die Person an die frische Luft bringen und für ungehinderte Atmung sorgen., P342+P311: Bei Symptomen der Atemwege: Giftinformationszentrum, Arzt oder … anrufen.

References

Handbook of Mineralogy (Anthony et al.), 5 (2003), 66

Related minerals "Strunz Classification" (9. Edition) [Mineral | Chemical formula | Crystal system : Class (H-M) : Space Group | Indenture number]

Boothite

(Cu,Mg)(SO4)·7H2O

7.CB.35

Alpersite

(Mg)SO4·7H2O

monoklin : 2/m : P21/c

7.CB.35

Bieberite

CoSO4·7 H2O

monoklin : 2/m : P21/c

7.CB.35

Mallardite

Mn2+SO4·7H2O

monoklin : 2/m : P21/c

7.CB.35

Melanterite

Fe2+SO4·7H2O

monoklin : 2/m : P21/c

7.CB.35

Zincmelanterite

(Zn,Fe2+)[SO4]·7H2O

7.CB.35

Related minerals "Lapis Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula | Crystal system : Class (H-M) : Space Group | Indenture number]

Alpersite

(Mg)SO4·7H2O

monoklin : 2/m : P21/c

VI/C.06-005

Melanterite

Fe2+SO4·7H2O

monoklin : 2/m : P21/c

VI/C.06-010

Mallardite

Mn2+SO4·7H2O

monoklin : 2/m : P21/c

VI/C.06-020

Bieberite

CoSO4·7 H2O

monoklin : 2/m : P21/c

VI/C.06-030

Boothite

(Cu,Mg)(SO4)·7H2O

VI/C.06-040

Zincmelanterite

(Zn,Fe2+)[SO4]·7H2O

VI/C.06-050

Related minerals "Hoelzel Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula : Crystal system : Class (H-M) | Space Group | Indenture number]

Epsomite

MgSO4·7H2O

orthorhombisch : 222 : P212121

7.CB.400

Alpersite

(Mg)SO4·7H2O

monoklin : 2/m : P21/c

7.CB.405

Boothite

(Cu,Mg)(SO4)·7H2O

7.CB.410

Goslarite

ZnSO4·7H2O

orthorhombisch : 222 : P212121

7.CB.420

Zincmelanterite

(Zn,Fe2+)[SO4]·7H2O

7.CB.425

Melanterite

Fe2+SO4·7H2O

monoklin : 2/m : P21/c

7.CB.430

Morenosite

NiSO4·7H2O

orthorhombisch : 222 : P212121

7.CB.440

Bieberite

CoSO4·7 H2O

monoklin : 2/m : P21/c

7.CB.450

Mallardite

Mn2+SO4·7H2O

monoklin : 2/m : P21/c

7.CB.460

Related minerals "Dana 8. Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula : Crystal system : Class (H-M) | Space Group | Indenture number]

Melanterite

Fe2+SO4·7H2O

monoklin : 2/m : P21/c

29.06.10.01

Boothite

(Cu,Mg)(SO4)·7H2O

29.06.10.02

Zincmelanterite

(Zn,Fe2+)[SO4]·7H2O

29.06.10.03

Bieberite

CoSO4·7 H2O

monoklin : 2/m : P21/c

29.06.10.04

Mallardite

Mn2+SO4·7H2O

monoklin : 2/m : P21/c

29.06.10.05

Alpersite

(Mg)SO4·7H2O

monoklin : 2/m : P21/c

29.06.10.06

Epsomite

MgSO4·7H2O

orthorhombisch : 222 : P212121

29.06.11.01

Goslarite

ZnSO4·7H2O

orthorhombisch : 222 : P212121

29.06.11.02

Morenosite

NiSO4·7H2O

orthorhombisch : 222 : P212121

29.06.11.03

Minasragrite

V4+[O|SO4]·5H2O

monoklin : 2/m : P21/c

29.06.12.01

Bobjonesite

(V4+O)[SO4]·3H2O

monoklin : 2/m : P21/n

29.06.12.02

Anorthominasragrite

V4+[O|SO4]·5H2O

triklin : 1 : P1

29.06.12.03

Stanleyite

V4+[O|SO4]·6H2O

29.06.13.01

Orthominasragrite

V4+[O|SO4]·5H2O

orthorhombisch : mm2 : Pmn21

29.06.13.02

Other languages

German

Bieberit

Spanish

Bieberita

French

Bieberite

English

Bieberite

Russian

Биберит

Alternative Name

Biberit

Biberita

Biberite

Biebrit

Biebrita

Biebrite

Cobalt Vitriol

Cobalt Vitriol

Cobalt-melanterite

German

Kobaltvitriol

Red Vitriol

Rhodhalit

Rhodhalita

Rhodhalite

Rhodhalose

Sulphate of Cobalt

Automatic Links to external internet sources (Responsibility is with the operator)

German pages

DeWikiPedia - search for: Bieberit
Google-Bilder-Suche - search for: Bieberit
Mineralogisch-Petrographisches-Institut Hamburg - search for: Bieberit

English pages

Mindat - search for: Bieberite
Webmineral - search for:Bieberite
Handbook-of-Mineralogy - search for: Bieberite
RRUFF - Raman, XRD and other mineral data - search for: Bieberite
RRUFF - References and PDF downloads - search for: Bieberite
American-Mineralogist-Crystal-Structure-Database - search for: Bieberite
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Russian pages

Webmineral.ru - search for: Биберит

Mineral Dealer

German pages

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Locations with GPS information