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Butlerite

Pictures (3 Images total)

Butlerit
Views (Image: 1486198236): 646
Butlerit

Rotbraune, nadelige Butlerit xx auf Schlackenblase von der Herzog-Juliushütte, Astfeld, Harz, Niedersachsen, Deutschland. Bildbreite ca. 1,77 mm.

Collection: raritätenjäger
Copyright: Jan Hartmann
Contribution: raritätenjäger 2017-02-04
Locality: Juliushütte / Astfeld / Langelsheim / Goslar, Landkreis / Niedersachsen / Deutschland
nadeliger rotbraauner Butlerit
Views (Image: 1564394889): 264
nadeliger rotbraauner Butlerit (SNr: A037549)

Deutschland/Niedersachsen/Goslar, Landkreis/Langelsheim/Astfeld/Juliushütte, BB = 1,5 mm

Collection: Lithothek der Münchener Micromounter
Copyright: husi
Contribution: Münchener Micromounter 2019-07-29
Locality: Juliushütte / Astfeld / Langelsheim / Goslar, Landkreis / Niedersachsen / Deutschland
Butlerit
Views (Image: 1623142831): 16
Butlerit

Butlerit pelzartiges nadeliges Gebilde ,rotbraun Deutschland/Niedersachsen/Goslar, Landkreis/Langelsheim/Astfeld/Juliushütte

Collection: anatase2
Copyright: J.Mandler
Contribution: anatase2 2021-06-08
Locality: Juliushütte / Astfeld / Langelsheim / Goslar, Landkreis / Niedersachsen / Deutschland

Collectors Summary

Color dunkel gelb, orange
Streak color hellgelb
Hardness (Mohs) 2.5
Solubility +++ Säuren, + H2O
Crystal System monoklin, P21/m

Chemism

Chem­ical formula

Fe3+(SO4)(OH)·2H2O

Chem­ical com­po­si­tion

Eisen, Sauerstoff, Schwefel, Wasserstoff

Unit weight: 204.946445 u; Number of atoms in the formula: 14

Info

Empirical formula:

Fe(SO4)(OH)·2H2O

Element

Symbol

Weight%

Atoms

Atoms%

Atom weight (u)

Sum weight (u)

Hydrogen

H

2.46

5

35.71

1.0079470

5.0397350

Oxygen

O

54.65

7

50.00

15.9994300

111.9960100

Sulfur

S

15.65

1

7.14

32.0655000

32.0655000

Iron

Fe

27.25

1

7.14

55.8452000

55.8452000

Anal­y­sis wt%

Fe2O3 : 38.96, SO3 : 39.06, H2O : 21.98 (Ref: berechnet)

Strunz 9th edi­tion incl. updates

7.DC.10

7: Sulfate (Selenate, Tellurate, Chromate, Molybdate, Wolframate)
D: Sulfate (Selenate, etc.) mit weitere Anionen, mit H2O
C: mit mittelgroßen Kationen; Ketten von kantenverknüpften Oktaedern
10:Butlerit-Gruppe

Lapis Clas­sifica­tion

VI/D.01-020

VI: SULFATE, CHROMATE, MOLYBDATE UND WOLFRAMATE
D: Wasserhaltige Sulfate, mit fremden Anionen
1: Mittelgroße Kationen

Clas­sifica­tion by Hölzel

7.DE.200

7: SULFATES CHROMATES MOLYBDATES WOLFRAMATES
D: Sulfates (+Anions +Water)
E: Aluminite-Group

Dana 8th edi­tion

31.09.01.01

31: Hydrated Sulfates Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
09: Hydrated Sulfates Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen where (A+ B++) (XO4) Zq·x(H2O)

IMA sta­tus

Erstbeschreibung vor CNMNC-Gründung (1959), als Mineral meist anerkannt

Min­eral sta­tus

anerkanntes Mineral

Optical Properties

Color

dunkel gelb, orange

Streak color

hellgelb

Diaphane­ity (Trans­parency)

transparent

max. Birefrin­gence

0.127

Birefringence chart\! Butlerite title=Birefringence chart Butlerite

Michel-Levy Color Chart viewed according to the maximum birefringence (at 30μm). Mineral color is not taken into account. Click on the image to enlarge or change thickness.

RI value α / ω / n

1.604

RI value β

1.674

RI value γ / ε

1.731

Ri mean

1.670

2V angle

Biaxial (-) 80°

Optical Data Luminescence

Lumi­nes­cence

keine Fluoreszenz bekannt

Crystallography

Crystal Sys­tem

monoklin

Class (H-M)

2/m

Space Group number

11

Space Group

P21/m

Cell param­e­ters a (Å)

6.50

Cell param­e­ters b (Å)

7.37

Cell param­e­ters c (Å)

5.84

Cell param­e­ters a/b or c/a

0.882

Cell param­e­ters c/b

0.792

Cell param­e­ters α

90°

Cell param­e­ters β

108.38

Cell param­e­ters γ

90°

Z

2

Volumne (ų)

265.493

X-Ray Pow­der Diffrac­tion

6.17(20),
4.97(100),
4.41(40),
3.59(70),
3.22(60),
3.15(80),
3.05(70),
2.48(60)

XRD chart Butlerite

Calculated from d-spacing and intensity at 0.1541838 nm (Cu)

Crystals 3D

Open larger view

Crystal Structure 3D

Open larger view

Physical Properties

Hard­ness (Mohs)

2.5

VHN (Hard­ness Vick­ers)

53 (ungefähre Angabe abgeleitet aus der Mohshärte)

Density (g/cm³)

2.55

2.564 ( ρ calc. Mineralienatlas )

Insta­bil­ity

+++ Säuren, + H2O

Preface

Author (Name, Year)

Lausen, 1928

References

Handbook of Mineralogy (Anthony et al.), 5 (2003), 93

Related minerals "Strunz Classification" (9. Edition) [Mineral | Chemical formula | Crystal system : Class (H-M) : Space Group | Indenture number]

Butlerite

Fe3+(SO4)(OH)·2H2O

monoklin : 2/m : P21/m

7.DC.10

Parabutlerite

Fe3+(SO4)(OH)·2H2O

orthorhombisch : mmm : Pmnb

7.DC.10

Related minerals "Lapis Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula | Crystal system : Class (H-M) : Space Group | Indenture number]

Butlerite

Fe3+(SO4)(OH)·2H2O

monoklin : 2/m : P21/m

VI/D.01-020

Parabutlerite

Fe3+(SO4)(OH)·2H2O

orthorhombisch : mmm : Pmnb

VI/D.01-030

Volaschioite

Fe4(SO4)O2(OH)6·2H2O

monoklin : 2/m : C2/m

VI/D.01-032

Metahohmannite

Fe23+(SO4)2(OH)2·3H2O

triklin : 1 : P1

VI/D.01-035

Amarantite

Fe3+2O(SO4)2(H2O)4·3H2O

triklin : 1 : P1

VI/D.01-040

Hohmannite

Fe23+(SO4)2(OH)2·7H2O

triklin : 1 : P1

VI/D.01-050

Fibroferrite

Fe3+(SO4)(OH)·5H2O

trigonal : 3 : R3

VI/D.01-060

Xitieshanite

Fe3+(SO4)Cl·6H2O

monoklin : 2/m : P21/a

VI/D.01-070

Related minerals "Hoelzel Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula : Crystal system : Class (H-M) | Space Group | Indenture number]

Butlerite

Fe3+(SO4)(OH)·2H2O

monoklin : 2/m : P21/m

7.DE.200

Parabutlerite

Fe3+(SO4)(OH)·2H2O

orthorhombisch : mmm : Pmnb

7.DE.210

Related minerals "Dana 8. Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula : Crystal system : Class (H-M) | Space Group | Indenture number]

Butlerite

Fe3+(SO4)(OH)·2H2O

monoklin : 2/m : P21/m

31.09.01.01

Parabutlerite

Fe3+(SO4)(OH)·2H2O

orthorhombisch : mmm : Pmnb

31.09.02.01

Amarantite

Fe3+2O(SO4)2(H2O)4·3H2O

triklin : 1 : P1

31.09.03.01

Hohmannite

Fe23+(SO4)2(OH)2·7H2O

triklin : 1 : P1

31.09.04.01

Metahohmannite

Fe23+(SO4)2(OH)2·3H2O

triklin : 1 : P1

31.09.05.01

Botryogen

MgFe3+(SO4)2(OH)·7H2O

monoklin : 2/m : P21/n

31.09.06.01

Zincobotryogen

ZnFe3+(SO4)2(OH)·7H2O

monoklin : 2/m : P21/n

31.09.06.02

Xitieshanite

Fe3+(SO4)Cl·6H2O

monoklin : 2/m : P21/a

31.09.06.03

Guildite

CuFe3+(SO4)2(OH)·4H2O

monoklin : 2/m : P21/m

31.09.07.01

Chaidamuite

(Zn,Fe2+)Fe3+OH(SO4)2·4H2O

triklin : 1 : P1

31.09.07.02

Aubertite

CuAl(SO4)2Cl·14H2O

triklin : 1 : P1

31.09.08.01

Svyazhinite

(Mg,Mn)(Al,Fe3+)(SO4)2F·14 H2O

triklin : 1, 1 : P1, P1

31.09.08.02

Magnesioaubertite

(Mg,Cu)Al(SO4)2Cl·14 H2O

triklin : P1 : 1

31.09.08.03

Wilcoxite

MgAl(SO4)2F·18H2O

triklin : 1, 1 : P1, P1

31.09.09.01

Other languages

German

Butlerit

Spanish

Butlerita

English

Butlerite

French

Butlerite

Russian

Батлерит

Russian

Бутлерит

Automatic Links to external internet sources (Responsibility is with the operator)

German pages

DeWikiPedia - search for: Butlerit
Google-Bilder-Suche - search for: Butlerit
Mineralogisch-Petrographisches-Institut Hamburg - search for: Butlerit

English pages

Mindat - search for: Butlerite
Webmineral - search for:Butlerite
Handbook-of-Mineralogy - search for: Butlerite
RRUFF - Raman, XRD and other mineral data - search for: Butlerite
RRUFF - References and PDF downloads - search for: Butlerite
American-Mineralogist-Crystal-Structure-Database - search for: Butlerite
Athena - search for: Butlerite

Russian pages

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Mineral Dealer

German pages

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Crystal-Treasure.com - search for: Butlerit
Bosse - search for: Butlerit

Locations with GPS information