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Cadmium

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Cadmium
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Cadmium

Barren mit Kristallflächen

Collection: scheidewasser
Copyright: scheidewasser
Contribution: Hg 2007-08-31

Collectors Summary

Color zinnweiß-met.
Lustre Metallglanz
Hardness (Mohs) 1 - 2
Solubility +++ verdünnte HNO3, + verdünnte HCl, H2SO4
Crystal System hexagonal, P63/mmc

Chemism

Chem­ical formula

Cd

Chem­ical com­po­si­tion

Cadmium

Unit weight: 112.4118 u; Number of atoms in the formula: 1

Info

Empirical formula:

Cd

Element

Symbol

Weight%

Atoms

Atoms%

Atom weight (u)

Sum weight (u)

Cadmium

Cd

100.00

1

100.00

112.4118000

112.4118000

Anal­y­sis wt%

Cd : 99.00 (Ref: Doklady Akademiia Nauk, SSSR 79)

Strunz 9th edi­tion incl. updates

1.AB.05

1: Elemente (Metalle, intermetallische Legierungen, Metalloide u. Nichtmetalle, Carbide, Silicide, Nitride u. Phosphide)
A: Metalle und intermetallische Legierungen
B: Zink-Messing-Familie
05:Zink-Gruppe

Lapis Clas­sifica­tion

I/A.04-040

I: ELEMENTE
A: Metalle und intermetallische Verbindungen

Clas­sifica­tion by Hölzel

1.AC.200

1: ELEMENTS
A: Metals, Intermetallic Compounds, and Alloys
C: Zn-CuZn-Group

Hey's Chem­ical Index of Min­er­als

01.09

01: Elements and Alloys (including the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au)

Dana 8th edi­tion

01.01.05.02

01: Native Elements and Alloys
01: Native Elements with metallic elements other than the platinum group

IMA sta­tus

anerkannt 1979

Min­eral sta­tus

anerkanntes Mineral

Optical Properties

Color

zinnweiß-met.

Diaphane­ity (Trans­parency)

opak

Lus­tre

Metallglanz

Crystallography

Crystal Sys­tem

hexagonal

Class (H-M)

6/mmm

Space Group number

194

Space Group

P63/mmc

Cell param­e­ters a (Å)

2.979

Cell param­e­ters b (Å)

-

Cell param­e­ters c (Å)

5.617

Cell param­e­ters a/b or c/a

1.886

Cell param­e­ters c/b

-

Cell param­e­ters α

90°

Cell param­e­ters β

90°

Cell param­e­ters γ

120°

Z

2

Volumne (ų)

43.169

X-Ray Pow­der Diffrac­tion

2.81(70), 2.58(30), 2.35(100), 1.90(30), 1.52(30), 1.49(20), 1.32(20)

XRD chart Cadmium

Calculated from d-spacing and intensity at 0.1541838 nm (Cu)

Crystal Structure 3D

Open larger view

Physical Properties

Hard­ness (Mohs)

1 - 2

VHN (Hard­ness Vick­ers)

88.5–73.5 (10g);

Density (g/cm³)

8.64

8.648 ( ρ calc. Mineralienatlas )

Insta­bil­ity

+++ verdünnte HNO3, + verdünnte HCl, H2SO4

Preface

Name from

Aus dem Griechischen für "calamine" (Galmei); das Element trat in Schlacken als Folge des aufschmelzens von Smithsonit-Erz (früher "Calamine"-Erz) auf.

Author (Name, Year)

Oleinikov & Okrugin & Leskova, 1979

References

American Mineralogist: 65: 1065.

Transactions (Doklady) of the USSR Academy of Sciences, Earth Science Sections 248 (1979), 182

Strunz Mineralogical Tables 9. Edition (2001), 37.

Related minerals "Strunz Classification" (9. Edition) [Mineral | Chemical formula | Crystal system : Class (H-M) : Space Group | Indenture number]

Zinc

Zn

hexagonal : 6/mmm : P63/mmc

1.AB.05

Titanium

Ti

hexagonal : 6/mmm : P63/mmc

1.AB.05

Cadmium

Cd

hexagonal : 6/mmm : P63/mmc

1.AB.05

'Rhenium'

Re

hexagonal : 6/mmm : P63/mmc

1.AB.05

Related minerals "Lapis Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula | Crystal system : Class (H-M) : Space Group | Indenture number]

Zinc

Zn

hexagonal : 6/mmm : P63/mmc

I/A.04-010

'Brass'

CuZn

kubisch : m3m : Pm3m

I/A.04-015

'Tongxinite'

Cu2Zn

I/A.04-018

Zhanghengite

ß-CuZn

kubisch : m3m : Im3m

I/A.04-020

Danbaite

CuZn2

I/A.04-030

Cadmium

Cd

hexagonal : 6/mmm : P63/mmc

I/A.04-040

Related minerals "Hoelzel Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula : Crystal system : Class (H-M) | Space Group | Indenture number]

Cadmium

Cd

hexagonal : 6/mmm : P63/mmc

1.AC.200

Related minerals "Dana 8. Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula : Crystal system : Class (H-M) | Space Group | Indenture number]

Gold

Au

kubisch : m3m : Fm3m

01.01.01.01

Silver

Ag

kubisch : m3m : Fm3m

01.01.01.02

Copper

Cu

kubisch : m3m : Fm3m

01.01.01.03

Lead

Pb

kubisch : m3m : Fm3m

01.01.01.04

Aluminium

Al

kubisch : m3m : Fm3m

01.01.01.05

Auricupride

Cu3Au

kubisch : m3m : Pm3m

01.01.02.01

Tetra-auricupride

AuCu

tetragonal : 4/mmm : P4/mmm

01.01.02.02

Yuanjiangite

AuSn

hexagonal : 6/mmm : P63/mmc

01.01.02.03

Maldonite

Au2Bi

kubisch : m3m : Fd3m

01.01.03.01

Anyuiite

AuPb2

tetragonal : 4/mmm : I4/mcm

01.01.04.01

Hunchunite

Au2Pb

kubisch : m3m : Fd3m

01.01.04.02

Zinc

Zn

hexagonal : 6/mmm : P63/mmc

01.01.05.01

Cadmium

Cd

hexagonal : 6/mmm : P63/mmc

01.01.05.02

Danbaite

CuZn2

01.01.06.01

Zhanghengite

ß-CuZn

kubisch : m3m : Im3m

01.01.06.02

Mercury

Hg

trigonal : 3m : R3m

01.01.07.01

Moschellandsbergite

Ag2Hg3

kubisch : 23 : I23

01.01.08.01

Schachnerite

Ag1.1Hg0.9

hexagonal : 6/mmm : P63/mmc

01.01.08.02

Paraschachnerite

Ag1.2Hg0.8

orthorhombisch : mmm, mm2, mm2 : Cmcm, Cmc21, C2cm

01.01.08.03

Luanheite

Ag3Hg

01.01.08.04

Eugenite

Ag11Hg2

kubisch : 43m : I43m

01.01.08.05

Weishanite

(Au,Ag)1.2Hg0.8

hexagonal : 6/mmm : P63/mmc

01.01.08.06

Kolymite

Cu7Hg6

kubisch : 43m : I43m

01.01.09.01

Belendorffite

Cu7Hg6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

01.01.09.02

Related minerals "Hey's Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula | Crystal system : Class (H-M) : Space Group | Indenture number]

Alternative Name

German

Cadmium, ged.

Afrikaans

Kadmium

Czech

Kadmium

Indonesian

Kadmium

Javanese

Kadmium

Hungarian

Kadmium

Norwegian (Bokmål)

Kadmium

Norwegian (Nynorsk)

Kadmium

Slovak

Kadmium

Finnish

Kadmium

Swedish

Kadmium

Japanese

自然カドミウム

IMA Number

IMA 1980-086

Automatic Links to external internet sources (Responsibility is with the operator)

German pages

DeWikiPedia - search for: Cadmium
Google-Bilder-Suche - search for: Cadmium
Mineralogisch-Petrographisches-Institut Hamburg - search for: Cadmium

English pages

Mindat - search for: Cadmium
Webmineral - search for:Cadmium
Handbook-of-Mineralogy - search for: Cadmium
RRUFF - Raman, XRD and other mineral data - search for: Cadmium
RRUFF - References and PDF downloads - search for: Cadmium
American-Mineralogist-Crystal-Structure-Database - search for: Cadmium
Athena - search for: Cadmium

Russian pages

Webmineral.ru - search for: Кадмий

Mineral Dealer

German pages

hausen - Mineralgroßhandel - search for: Cadmium
Crystal-Treasure.com - search for: Cadmium
Bosse - search for: Cadmium