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Caledonite

Pictures (141 Images total)

Caledonit
Views (Image: 1328222746): 3757, Rating: 9
Caledonit

Bildbreite: 1,85 mm; Grube Virneberg, Rheinbreitbach, Rheinland-Pfalz, Deutschland;

Collection: Wilhelm Göbel
Copyright: loparit
Contribution: loparit 2012-02-02
Locality: Grube Virneberg / Rheinbreitbach / Neuwied, Kreis / Rheinland-Pfalz / Deutschland
Caledonit
Views (Image: 1166884183): 4850
Caledonit

Bildbreite: 3 mm; Fundort Red Gill Mine, Roughton Gill, Caldbeck Fells, Cumberland, UK

Copyright: Stephan Wolfsried
Contribution: Hg 2006-12-23
Locality: Red Gill Mine / Roughton Gill / Caldbeck Fells / Caldbeck, Parish / Allerdale, District / Cumbria Co. / England / UK
Caledonit
Views (Image: 1275504829): 2656
Caledonit

Fo.: Schlackenthal, Oberschulenberg, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Harz, Niedersachsen, Deutschland, hellblaues Kristallaggregat in Schlacke, BB 3,8mm

Collection: anatase2
Copyright: Hannes Osterhammer
Contribution: Hannes Osterhammer 2010-06-02
Locality: Schlackental / Oberschulenberg / Schulenberg im Oberharz / Goslar, Landkreis / Niedersachsen / Deutschland
Caledonit
Views (Image: 1502127374): 336
Caledonit (SNr: S-SB-Cale-1-1-1)

Garben von Caledonitkristalle als Neubildung durch Verwitterung in einer antiken Schlacke vom Silberbach bei Schulenberg im Oberharz. Bildbreite etwa 3,5 mm. Ex. coll. Arthur Wittern.

Collection: Klaus Schäfer
Copyright: Klaus Schäfer
Contribution: Klaus Schäfer 2017-08-07
Locality: Silberbach / Oberschulenberg / Schulenberg im Oberharz / Goslar, Landkreis / Niedersachsen / Deutschland
nadeliger blauer Caledonit und vielflächiger brauner Baryt
Views (Image: 1574932206): 255
nadeliger blauer Caledonit und vielflächiger brauner Baryt (SNr: A042104)

Italien/Sardinien (Sardegna), Region/Sud Sardegna, Provinz/Iglesias/Domusnovas/Oridda/Sa Duchessa, BB = 8,4 mm

Collection: Lithothek der Münchener Micromounter
Copyright: Hannes Osterhammer
Contribution: Münchener Micromounter 2019-11-28
Locality: Sa Duchessa / Oridda / Domusnovas / Iglesias / Sud Sardegna, Provinz / Sardinien (Sardegna), Region / Italien
Caledonit
Views (Image: 1579955307): 118
Caledonit

BB: 1,8 mm; FO: Dos Adriana Mine, Tierra amarilla, Copiapó, Chile

Collection: Harald Biecker
Copyright: Harald Biecker
Contribution: Harald Biecker 2020-01-25
Locality: Dos Adriana / Zapallar Bergbaugebiet / Los Azules / Copiapó, Provinz / Atacama, Region (III. Region) / Chile

Collectors Summary

Color blau, blau grün, grün, dunkelgrün
Streak color grünlichweiß
Hardness (Mohs) 2.75
Solubility +++ Säuren, NH4OH
Crystal System orthorhombisch, Pmn21

Chemism

Chem­ical formula

Pb5Cu2(CO3)(SO4)3(OH)6

Chem­ical com­po­si­tion

Blei, Kupfer, Kohlenstoff, Sauerstoff, Schwefel, Wasserstoff

Unit weight: 1613.385592 u; Number of atoms in the formula: 38

Info

Empirical formula:

Pb5Cu2(CO3)(SO4)3(OH)6

Element

Symbol

Weight%

Atoms

Atoms%

Atom weight (u)

Sum weight (u)

Hydrogen

H

0.37

6

15.79

1.0079470

6.0476820

Carbon

C

0.74

1

2.63

12.0107800

12.0107800

Oxygen

O

20.83

21

55.26

15.9994300

335.9880300

Sulfur

S

5.96

3

7.89

32.0655000

96.1965000

Copper

Cu

7.88

2

5.26

63.5463000

127.0926000

Lead

Pb

64.22

5

13.16

207.2100000

1,036.0500000

Strunz 9th edi­tion incl. updates

7.BC.50

7: Sulfate (Selenate, Tellurate, Chromate, Molybdate, Wolframate)
B: Sulfate (Selenate, etc.) mit weitere Anionen, ohne H2O
C: Mit mittelgroßen und großen [Kationen]
50:Caledonit-Gruppe

Lapis Clas­sifica­tion

VI/B.10-005

VI: SULFATE, CHROMATE, MOLYBDATE UND WOLFRAMATE
B: Wasserfreie Sulfate, mit fremden Anionen
10: Mittelgroße Kationen vorwiegend

Clas­sifica­tion by Hölzel

7.BA.370

7: SULFATES CHROMATES MOLYBDATES WOLFRAMATES
B: Sulfates (+Anions -Water)
A: Sulfates, C medium, medium + large
3: With Cu + Pb

Dana 8th edi­tion

32.03.02.01

32: Compound Sulfates
03: Compound Sulfates (anhydrous) with poly-anionic formula

IMA sta­tus

Erstbeschreibung vor CNMNC-Gründung (1959), als Mineral meist anerkannt

Min­eral sta­tus

anerkanntes Mineral

Optical Properties

Color

blau, blau grün, grün, dunkelgrün

Streak color

grünlichweiß

Diaphane­ity (Trans­parency)

transparent bis durchscheinend

max. Birefrin­gence

0.091

Birefringence chart\! Caledonite title=Birefringence chart Caledonite

Michel-Levy Color Chart viewed according to the maximum birefringence (at 30μm). Mineral color is not taken into account. Click on the image to enlarge or change thickness.

RI value α / ω / n

1.818

RI value β

1.866

RI value γ / ε

1.909

Ri mean

1.864

2V angle

Biaxial (-) 85°

Optical Data Luminescence

Lumi­nes­cence

keine Fluoreszenz bekannt

Crystallography

Crystal Sys­tem

orthorhombisch

Class (H-M)

mm2

Space Group number

31

Space Group

Pmn21

Cell param­e­ters a (Å)

20.088

Cell param­e­ters b (Å)

7.143

Cell param­e­ters c (Å)

6.564

Cell param­e­ters a/b or c/a

2.812

Cell param­e­ters c/b

0.919

Cell param­e­ters α

90°

Cell param­e­ters β

90°

Cell param­e­ters γ

90°

Z

2

Volumne (ų)

941.859

X-Ray Pow­der Diffrac­tion

4.69(60),
3.152(40),
3.139(100),
3.031(50),
2.752(40),
2.273(30),
2.226(40),
1.861(50)

XRD chart Caledonite

Calculated from d-spacing and intensity at 0.1541838 nm (Cu)

Crystals 3D

Open larger view

Crystal Structure 3D

Open larger view

Physical Properties

Hard­ness (Mohs)

2.75

VHN (Hard­ness Vick­ers)

68 (ungefähre Angabe abgeleitet aus der Mohshärte)

Density (g/cm³)

5.7 - 6.4 / Durchschnittlich = 6.05

5.689 ( ρ calc. Mineralienatlas )

Insta­bil­ity

+++ Säuren, NH4OH

(Co-)Type locality

(Co-)Type locality

UK/Schottland/South Lanarkshire/Leadhills

Preface

Author (Name, Year)

Beudant, 1832

References

Handbook of Mineralogy (Anthony et al.), 5 (2003), 104

Related minerals "Strunz Classification" (9. Edition) [Mineral | Chemical formula | Crystal system : Class (H-M) : Space Group | Indenture number]

Caledonite

Pb5Cu2(CO3)(SO4)3(OH)6

orthorhombisch : mm2 : Pmn21

7.BC.50

Related minerals "Lapis Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula | Crystal system : Class (H-M) : Space Group | Indenture number]

Caledonite

Pb5Cu2(CO3)(SO4)3(OH)6

orthorhombisch : mm2 : Pmn21

VI/B.10-005

Linarite

PbCu(SO4)(OH)2

monoklin : 2/m : P21/m

VI/B.10-010

Schmiederite

Pb2Cu22+(Se4+O3)(Se6+O4)(OH)4

monoklin : 2/m : P21/m

VI/B.10-020

Munakataite

Pb2Cu2(Se4+O3)(SO4)(OH)4

monoklin : 2/m : P21/m

VI/B.10-025

Chenite

Pb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6

triklin : 1 : P1

VI/B.10-030

Elyite

CuPb4O2SO4(OH)4·H2O

monoklin : 2/m : P21/c

VI/B.10-040

Mammothite

Pb6Cu4AlSb5+O2(SO4)2Cl4(OH)16

monoklin : 2 : C2

VI/B.10-050

Grandviewite

Cu3Al9(SO4)2(OH)29

VI/B.10-060

Related minerals "Hoelzel Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula : Crystal system : Class (H-M) | Space Group | Indenture number]

Linarite

PbCu(SO4)(OH)2

monoklin : 2/m : P21/m

7.BA.320

Schmiederite

Pb2Cu22+(Se4+O3)(Se6+O4)(OH)4

monoklin : 2/m : P21/m

7.BA.330

Munakataite

Pb2Cu2(Se4+O3)(SO4)(OH)4

monoklin : 2/m : P21/m

7.BA.335

Chenite

Pb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6

triklin : 1 : P1

7.BA.350

Caledonite

Pb5Cu2(CO3)(SO4)3(OH)6

orthorhombisch : mm2 : Pmn21

7.BA.370

Wherryite

Pb7Cu2(SO4)4(SiO4)2(OH)2

monoklin : 2/m : C2/m

7.BA.380

Related minerals "Dana 8. Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula : Crystal system : Class (H-M) | Space Group | Indenture number]

Hanksite

KNa22(SO4)9(CO3)2Cl

hexagonal : 6/m : P63/m

32.03.01.01

Caledonite

Pb5Cu2(CO3)(SO4)3(OH)6

orthorhombisch : mm2 : Pmn21

32.03.02.01

Wherryite

Pb7Cu2(SO4)4(SiO4)2(OH)2

monoklin : 2/m : C2/m

32.03.03.01

Hauckite

(Mg,Mn2+)24Zn18Fe33+(SO4)4(CO3)2(OH)81

32.03.04.01

Philolithite

Pb12O6Mn7(SO4)(CO3)4Cl4(OH)12

tetragonal : 4/mmm : P42/nnm

32.03.04.02

Heidornite

Na2Ca3B5O8(SO4)2Cl(OH)2

monoklin : 2/m : C2/c

32.03.05.01

Other languages

German

Caledonit

Spanish

Caledonita

English

Caledonite

French

Caledonite

Russian

Каледонит

Simplified Chinese

铅蓝矾

Alternative Name

Cupreous Sulfatocarbonate of Lead

Cupreous Sulphate-Carbonate of Lead

Cupreous Sulfatocarbonate of Lead

Cupreous Sulphate-Carbonate of Lead

Cupreous Suphate-Carbonate of Lead

Halbasurblei

Halbazurblei

German

Halblasurblei

German

Kupferhaltiges schwefelkohlensaures Blei

French

Plomb sulfato-carbonaté cuprifère

German

Prismatischer Kupferbleispat

Japanese

カレドニア石

Automatic Links to external internet sources (Responsibility is with the operator)

German pages

DeWikiPedia - search for: Caledonit
Google-Bilder-Suche - search for: Caledonit
Mineralogisch-Petrographisches-Institut Hamburg - search for: Caledonit

English pages

Mindat - search for: Caledonite
Webmineral - search for:Caledonite
Handbook-of-Mineralogy - search for: Caledonite
RRUFF - Raman, XRD and other mineral data - search for: Caledonite
RRUFF - References and PDF downloads - search for: Caledonite
American-Mineralogist-Crystal-Structure-Database - search for: Caledonite
Athena - search for: Caledonite

Russian pages

Webmineral.ru - search for: Каледонит

Mineral Dealer

German pages

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Crystal-Treasure.com - search for: Caledonit
Bosse - search for: Caledonit

Locations with GPS information