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Chlorothionite

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Chlorothionit
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Chlorothionit

Größe: 8 cm, Fundort: Tolbachik Vulkan, Kamchatka Oblast', Russland.

Copyright: Luigi Chiappino
Contribution: thdun5 2010-04-18
Locality: Tolbachik-Vulkan / Kamtschatka Oblast / Ferner Osten, Föderationskreis / Russland

Collectors Summary

Color hellblau
Streak color weiß
Hardness (Mohs) 2.5
Solubility +++ H2O
Crystal System orthorhombisch, Pnma

Chemism

Chem­ical formula

K2Cu(SO4)Cl2

Chem­ical com­po­si­tion

Chlor, Kupfer, Kalium, Sauerstoff, Schwefel

Unit weight: 308.71254 u; Number of atoms in the formula: 10

Info

Empirical formula:

K2Cu(SO4)Cl2

Element

Symbol

Weight%

Atoms

Atoms%

Atom weight (u)

Sum weight (u)

Oxygen

O

20.73

4

40.00

15.9994300

63.9977200

Sulfur

S

10.39

1

10.00

32.0655000

32.0655000

Chlorine

Cl

22.97

2

20.00

35.4532000

70.9064000

Potassium

K

25.33

2

20.00

39.0983100

78.1966200

Copper

Cu

20.58

1

10.00

63.5463000

63.5463000

Strunz 9th edi­tion incl. updates

7.BC.25

7: Sulfate (Selenate, Tellurate, Chromate, Molybdate, Wolframate)
B: Sulfate (Selenate, etc.) mit weitere Anionen, ohne H2O
C: Mit mittelgroßen und großen [Kationen]
25:Chlorothionit-Gruppe

Lapis Clas­sifica­tion

VI/B.05-020

VI: SULFATE, CHROMATE, MOLYBDATE UND WOLFRAMATE
B: Wasserfreie Sulfate, mit fremden Anionen
5: Mittelgroße Kationen vorwiegend

Clas­sifica­tion by Hölzel

7.BA.250

7: SULFATES CHROMATES MOLYBDATES WOLFRAMATES
B: Sulfates (+Anions -Water)
A: Sulfates, C medium, medium + large
2: With Na,K + Cu

Dana 8th edi­tion

30.01.11.01

30: Anhydrous Sulfates Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
01: Anhydrous Sulfates Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen where (A B)m (XO4)p Zq where m:p>2:1

IMA sta­tus

Erstbeschreibung vor CNMNC-Gründung (1959), als Mineral meist anerkannt

Min­eral sta­tus

anerkanntes Mineral

Optical Properties

Color

hellblau

Streak color

weiß

2V angle

Biaxial (+) 50°

Crystallography

Crystal Sys­tem

orthorhombisch

Class (H-M)

mmm

Space Group number

62

Space Group

Pnma

Cell param­e­ters a (Å)

7.732

Cell param­e­ters b (Å)

6.078

Cell param­e­ters c (Å)

16.292

Cell param­e­ters a/b or c/a

1.272

Cell param­e­ters c/b

2.680

Cell param­e­ters α

90°

Cell param­e­ters β

90°

Cell param­e­ters γ

90°

Z

4

Volumne (ų)

765.644

X-Ray Pow­der Diffrac­tion

5.69(30),
3.262(30),
3.149(20),
3.039(100),
2.847(30),
2.491(20),
2.187(70),
1.994(20)

XRD chart Chlorothionite

Calculated from d-spacing and intensity at 0.1541838 nm (Cu)

Crystals 3D

Open larger view

Crystal Structure 3D

Open larger view

Physical Properties

Hard­ness (Mohs)

2.5

VHN (Hard­ness Vick­ers)

53 (ungefähre Angabe abgeleitet aus der Mohshärte)

Density (g/cm³)

2.69

2.678 ( ρ calc. Mineralienatlas )

Insta­bil­ity

+++ H2O

Preface

Author (Name, Year)

Scacchi, 1872

References

Handbook of Mineralogy (Anthony et al.), 5 (2003), 142

Related minerals "Strunz Classification" (9. Edition) [Mineral | Chemical formula | Crystal system : Class (H-M) : Space Group | Indenture number]

Chlorothionite

K2Cu(SO4)Cl2

orthorhombisch : mmm : Pnma

7.BC.25

Related minerals "Lapis Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula | Crystal system : Class (H-M) : Space Group | Indenture number]

Fedotovite

K2Cu2+3(O|(SO4)3)

monoklin : 2/m : C2/c

VI/B.05-010

Chlorothionite

K2Cu(SO4)Cl2

orthorhombisch : mmm : Pnma

VI/B.05-020

Kamchatkite

KCu32+OCl(SO4)2

orthorhombisch : mm2 : Pna21

VI/B.05-030

Piypite

K4Cu4O2(SO4)4·(Na,Cu)Cl

tetragonal : 4 : I4

VI/B.05-040

Alumoklyuchevskite

K3Cu3(Al,Fe3+)O2(SO4)4

monoklin : 2 : I2

VI/B.05-045

Klyuchevskite

K3Cu3(Fe3+,Al)O2(SO4)4

monoklin : 2 : I2

VI/B.05-050

Related minerals "Hoelzel Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula : Crystal system : Class (H-M) | Space Group | Indenture number]

Piypite

K4Cu4O2(SO4)4·(Na,Cu)Cl

tetragonal : 4 : I4

7.BA.200

Klyuchevskite

K3Cu3(Fe3+,Al)O2(SO4)4

monoklin : 2 : I2

7.BA.210

Alumoklyuchevskite

K3Cu3(Al,Fe3+)O2(SO4)4

monoklin : 2 : I2

7.BA.215

Adranosite-(Al)

(NH4)4NaAl2(SO4)4Cl(OH)2

tetragonal : 4/mmm : I41/acd

7.BA.217

Fedotovite

K2Cu2+3(O|(SO4)3)

monoklin : 2/m : C2/c

7.BA.220

Euchlorine

KNaCu32+(SO4)3O

monoklin : 2/m : C2/c

7.BA.230

Chlorothionite

K2Cu(SO4)Cl2

orthorhombisch : mmm : Pnma

7.BA.250

Kamchatkite

KCu32+OCl(SO4)2

orthorhombisch : mm2 : Pna21

7.BA.260

Atlasovite

KCu62+Fe3+Bi3+[O4|Cl|(SO4)5]

tetragonal : 4/mmm : P4/ncc

7.BA.280

Related minerals "Dana 8. Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula : Crystal system : Class (H-M) | Space Group | Indenture number]

D'Ansite

Na21MgCl3(SO4)10

kubisch : 43m : I43d

30.01.10.01

Chlorothionite

K2Cu(SO4)Cl2

orthorhombisch : mmm : Pnma

30.01.11.01

Antlerite

Cu3(SO4)(OH)4

orthorhombisch : mmm : Pnma

30.01.12.01

Schuetteite

Hg3(SO4)O2

trigonal : 32 : P3121

30.01.13.01

Mammothite

Pb6Cu4AlSb5+O2(SO4)2Cl4(OH)16

monoklin : 2 : C2

30.01.14.01

Ye'elimite

Ca4Al6O12(SO4)

kubisch : 432 : I4132

30.01.15.01

Chenite

Pb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6

triklin : 1 : P1

30.01.16.01

Nabokoite

Cu72+Te4+O4(SO4)5·KCl

tetragonal : 4/mmm : P4/ncc

30.01.17.01

Atlasovite

KCu62+Fe3+Bi3+[O4|Cl|(SO4)5]

tetragonal : 4/mmm : P4/ncc

30.01.17.02

Coquandite

Sb3+6+xO8+x(SO4)(OH)x·(H2O)1-x {x = 0.3}

triklin : 1 : P1

30.01.18.01

Other languages

German

Chlorothionit

French

Chlorothionite

English

Chlorothionite

Spanish

Clorotionita

Russian

Хлоротионит

Alternative Name

Spanish

Chlorothionita

Italian

Clorothionita

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German pages

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English pages

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Russian pages

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