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Copiapite (Copiapit)

Pictures (16 Images total)

Römerit mit Copiapit
Views (Image: 1240647840): 4075, Rating: 8
Römerit mit Copiapit

Größe: 3,22 mm; Fundort: Cava del Ferro (Trimpello), Fornovolasco, Vergemoli, Apuanische Alpen, Lucca, Toskana (Toscana), Italien

Copyright: Matteo Chinellato
Contribution: Hg 2009-04-25
Locality: Cava del Ferro (Trimpello) / Fornovolasco / Vergemoli / Apuanische Alpen / Lucca, Provinz / Toskana (Toscana) / Italien
Copiapit
Views (Image: 1303248171): 1802
Copiapit

Copiapit (gelblich) neben Botryogen (rot), Größe: 3 x 2,2 x 2 cm, Fundort: Santa Elena Mine, La Alcaparrosa, Provinz San Juan, Argentinien

Copyright: Maggie Wilson
Contribution: thdun5 2011-04-19
Locality: Santa Elena Mine / La Alcaparrosa / San Juan, Provinz / Argentinien
Copiapit mit Chalkanthit
Views (Image: 1191178515): 3819
Copiapit mit Chalkanthit

Bildbreite: 3 mm; Fundort: Grube Clara, Wolfach, Schwarzwald

Copyright: Stephan Wolfsried
Contribution: Hg 2007-09-30
Locality: Grube Clara / Oberwolfach / Ortenaukreis / Freiburg, Bezirk / Baden-Württemberg / Deutschland
Römerit mit Copiapit
Views (Image: 1240647896): 2970
Römerit mit Copiapit

Größe: 7,95 mm; Fundort: Cava del Ferro (Trimpello), Fornovolasco, Vergemoli, Apuanische Alpen, Lucca, Toskana (Toscana), Italien

Copyright: Matteo Chinellato
Contribution: Hg 2009-04-25
Locality: Cava del Ferro (Trimpello) / Fornovolasco / Vergemoli / Apuanische Alpen / Lucca, Provinz / Toskana (Toscana) / Italien
Copiapit, Botryogen
Views (Image: 1296852376): 2403
Copiapit, Botryogen

Bildbreite: 12 mm; Fundort: Grube Vilmos, Rudabánya, Rudabányai-Gebirge, Komitat Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén, Ungarn

Copyright: Tamás Ungvári
Contribution: slugslayer 2011-02-04
Locality: Grube Vilmos / Rudabánya / Kazincbarcika, Kreis / Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén, Komitat / Ungarn
Copiapit
Views (Image: 1271589419): 929
Copiapit

Größe: 11,9 x 7,4 x 4 cm, Fundort: Alcaparrosa Mine, Cerritos Bayos, Calama, Provinz Antofagasta, Chile.

Copyright: Rob Lavinsky
Contribution: thdun5 2010-04-18
Locality: Alcaparrosa Mine / Cerritos Bayos / Calama / Antofagasta, Provinz / Antofagasta, Region (II. Region) / Chile

Collectors Summary

Color goldgelb
Streak color blassgelb
Hardness (Mohs) 2.50 - 3.00
Solubility +++ H2O
Crystal System triklin, P1

Chemism

Chem­ical formula

Fe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2·20H2O

Chem­ical com­po­si­tion

Eisen, Sauerstoff, Schwefel, Wasserstoff

Unit weight: 1249.926554 u; Number of atoms in the formula: 99

Info

Empirical formula:

FeFe4(SO4)6(OH)2·20H2O

Element

Symbol

Weight%

Atoms

Atoms%

Atom weight (u)

Sum weight (u)

Hydrogen

H

3.39

42

42.42

1.0079470

42.3337740

Oxygen

O

58.88

46

46.46

15.9994300

735.9737800

Sulfur

S

15.39

6

6.06

32.0655000

192.3930000

Iron

Fe

22.34

5

5.05

55.8452000

279.2260000

Anal­y­sis wt%

FeO : 4.06, Fe2O3 : 26.10, SO3 : 38.37, H2O : 30.68 (Ref: Dana, 7th ed. 2)

Strunz 9th edi­tion incl. updates

7.DB.35

7: Sulfate (Selenate, Tellurate, Chromate, Molybdate, Wolframate)
D: Sulfate (Selenate, etc.) mit weitere Anionen, mit H2O
B: mit mittelgroßen Kationen; isolierte Oktaeder und begrenzte Einheiten
35:Copiapit-Gruppe

Lapis Clas­sifica­tion

VI/D.10-050

VI: SULFATE, CHROMATE, MOLYBDATE UND WOLFRAMATE
D: Wasserhaltige Sulfate, mit fremden Anionen
10: Mittelgroße Kationen; Copiapit-Gruppe

Clas­sifica­tion by Hölzel

7.DC.160

7: SULFATES CHROMATES MOLYBDATES WOLFRAMATES
D: Sulfates (+Anions +Water)
C: Copiapite-Group

Dana 8th edi­tion

31.10.05.01

31: Hydrated Sulfates Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
10: Hydrated Sulfates Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen miscellaneous
05: Copiapite Group

IMA sta­tus

Erstbeschreibung vor CNMNC-Gründung (1959), als Mineral meist anerkannt

Min­eral sta­tus

anerkanntes Mineral

IMA Classification

IMA Clas­sifica­tion

Copiapite group

Optical Properties

Color

goldgelb

Streak color

blassgelb

max. Birefrin­gence

0.083

Birefringence chart\! Copiapite title=Birefringence chart Copiapite

Michel-Levy Color Chart viewed according to the maximum birefringence (at 30μm). Mineral color is not taken into account. Click on the image to enlarge or change thickness.

RI value α / ω / n

1.496

RI value β

1.531

RI value γ / ε

1.579

Ri mean

1.535

2V angle

Biaxial (+) 78°

Crystallography

Crystal Sys­tem

triklin

Class (H-M)

1

Space Group number

2

Space Group

P1

Cell param­e­ters a (Å)

7.337

Cell param­e­ters b (Å)

18.76

Cell param­e­ters c (Å)

7.379

Cell param­e­ters a/b or c/a

0.391

Cell param­e­ters c/b

0.393

Cell param­e­ters α

91.47

Cell param­e­ters β

102.18

Cell param­e­ters γ

98.95

Z

1

Volumne (ų)

978.91

X-Ray Pow­der Diffrac­tion

8.66(100),
5.90(100),
5.035(10),
4.776(10),
4.436(10),
3.783(10),
3.490(20),
3.253(20)

XRD chart Copiapite

Calculated from d-spacing and intensity at 0.1541838 nm (Cu)

Crystals 3D

Open larger view

Physical Properties

Hard­ness (Mohs)

2.50 - 3.00

VHN (Hard­ness Vick­ers)

68 (ungefähre Angabe abgeleitet aus der Mohshärte)

Density (g/cm³)

2.13 (gemessen)

2.12 ( ρ calc. Mineralienatlas )

Insta­bil­ity

+++ H2O

(Co-)Type locality

(Co-)Type locality

Chile/Atacama, Region (III. Region)/Copiapó, Provinz

Preface

Author (Name, Year)

Rose, 1833

References

Handbook of Mineralogy (Anthony et al.), 5 (2003), 161

IMA group assignments


 
 
(Al,Mg)Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH,O)2·20H2O
triklin
P1

 
 
CaFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2·19 H2O
triklin
P1

 
 
Fe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2·20H2O
triklin
P1

 
 
CuFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2·20H2O
triklin
P1

 
 
Fe2-33+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2·20H2O
triklin
P1

 
 
MgFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2·20H2O
triklin
P1

 
 
ZnFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2·18H2O
triklin
P1

Refresh list

Actuality: 23. Feb 2021 - 19:43:39

Related minerals "Strunz Classification" (9. Edition) [Mineral | Chemical formula | Crystal system : Class (H-M) : Space Group | Indenture number]

Copiapite

Fe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2·20H2O

triklin : 1 : P1

7.DB.35

Cuprocopiapite

CuFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2·20H2O

triklin : 1 : P1

7.DB.35

Ferricopiapite

Fe2-33+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2·20H2O

triklin : 1 : P1

7.DB.35

Zincocopiapite

ZnFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2·18H2O

triklin : 1 : P1

7.DB.35

Calciocopiapite

CaFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2·19 H2O

triklin : 1 : P1

7.DB.35

Aluminocopiapite

(Al,Mg)Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH,O)2·20H2O

triklin : 1 : P1

7.DB.35

Magnesiocopiapite

MgFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2·20H2O

triklin : 1 : P1

7.DB.35

Related minerals "Lapis Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula | Crystal system : Class (H-M) : Space Group | Indenture number]

Botryogen

MgFe3+(SO4)2(OH)·7H2O

monoklin : 2/m : P21/n

VI/D.10-010

Zincobotryogen

ZnFe3+(SO4)2(OH)·7H2O

monoklin : 2/m : P21/n

VI/D.10-020

Calciocopiapite

CaFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2·19 H2O

triklin : 1 : P1

VI/D.10-030

Magnesiocopiapite

MgFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2·20H2O

triklin : 1 : P1

VI/D.10-040

Copiapite

Fe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2·20H2O

triklin : 1 : P1

VI/D.10-050

Cuprocopiapite

CuFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2·20H2O

triklin : 1 : P1

VI/D.10-060

Zincocopiapite

ZnFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2·18H2O

triklin : 1 : P1

VI/D.10-070

Aluminocopiapite

(Al,Mg)Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH,O)2·20H2O

triklin : 1 : P1

VI/D.10-080

Ferricopiapite

Fe2-33+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2·20H2O

triklin : 1 : P1

VI/D.10-090

Guildite

CuFe3+(SO4)2(OH)·4H2O

monoklin : 2/m : P21/m

VI/D.10-100

Chaidamuite

(Zn,Fe2+)Fe3+OH(SO4)2·4H2O

triklin : 1 : P1

VI/D.10-110

Related minerals "Hoelzel Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula : Crystal system : Class (H-M) | Space Group | Indenture number]

Magnesiocopiapite

MgFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2·20H2O

triklin : 1 : P1

7.DC.100

Aluminocopiapite

(Al,Mg)Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH,O)2·20H2O

triklin : 1 : P1

7.DC.110

Cuprocopiapite

CuFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2·20H2O

triklin : 1 : P1

7.DC.130

Zincocopiapite

ZnFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2·18H2O

triklin : 1 : P1

7.DC.140

Copiapite

Fe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2·20H2O

triklin : 1 : P1

7.DC.160

Ferricopiapite

Fe2-33+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2·20H2O

triklin : 1 : P1

7.DC.170

Related minerals "Dana 8. Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula : Crystal system : Class (H-M) | Space Group | Indenture number]

Ettringite

Ca6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12·26H2O

trigonal : 3m : P31c

31.10.02.01

Bentorite

Ca6(Cr,Al)2(SO4)3(OH)12·26 H2O

31.10.02.02

Buryatite

Ca3(Si,Fe3+,Al)(SO4)B(OH)4(OH,O)6·12H2O

trigonal : 3m : P31c

31.10.02.03

Zaherite

Al12(SO4)5(OH)26·20H2O

triklin : 1, 1 : P1, P1

31.10.03.01

Zippeite

K3(UO2)4(SO4)2O3(OH)·3H2O

monoklin : 2 : C2

31.10.04.01

Natrozippeite

Na5(UO2)8(SO4)4O5(OH)3·12H2O

monoklin : 2/m : P21/n

31.10.04.02

Magnesiozippeite

Mg(UO2)2(SO4)O2·3.5H2O

monoklin : 2/m : C2/m

31.10.04.03

Nickelzippeite

Ni2(UO2)6(SO4)3(OH)10·16H2O

monoklin : 2/m : C2/m

31.10.04.04

Zinczippeite

Zn(UO2)2(SO4)O2·3.5H2O

monoklin : 2/m : C2/m

31.10.04.05

Cobaltzippeite

Co(UO2)2(SO4)O2·3.5H2O

monoklin : 2/m : C2/m

31.10.04.06

Marécottite

Mg3[(UO2)4O3(OH)(SO4)2]2(H2O)28

triklin : 1 : P1

31.10.04.07

Copiapite

Fe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2·20H2O

triklin : 1 : P1

31.10.05.01

Magnesiocopiapite

MgFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2·20H2O

triklin : 1 : P1

31.10.05.02

Cuprocopiapite

CuFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2·20H2O

triklin : 1 : P1

31.10.05.03

Ferricopiapite

Fe2-33+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2·20H2O

triklin : 1 : P1

31.10.05.04

Calciocopiapite

CaFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2·19 H2O

triklin : 1 : P1

31.10.05.05

Zincocopiapite

ZnFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2·18H2O

triklin : 1 : P1

31.10.05.06

Aluminocopiapite

(Al,Mg)Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH,O)2·20H2O

triklin : 1 : P1

31.10.05.07

Clairite

(NH4)2(Fe3+,Mn3+)3(SO4)4(OH)3·3H2O

31.10.08.01

Caminite

Mg1.4(SO4)(OH)0.8·0.2H2O

tetragonal : 4/mmm : I41/amd

31.10.09.01

Other languages

German

Copiapit

Spanish

Copiapita

English

Copiapite

French

Copiapite

Russian

Копиапит

Simplified Chinese

叶绿矾

Alternative Name

German

Atramenstein

German

Basisches schwefelsaures Eisenoxyd

German

Elaeit

Spanish

Elaeita

Elaeite

Elite

German

Eläit

Spanish

Eläita

Italian

Eläita

Eläite

German

Ferrocopiapit

English

Ferrocopiapite

German

Flaveit

Spanish

Flaveita

Flaveite

German

Gelb Atrament

German

Gelbeisenerz (of Breithaupt)

Swedish

Gul Atrament Sten

German

Ihlëite

German

Janosit

Spanish

Janosita

Janosite

Latin

Lapis atramentarius flavus

German

Misleyit

Spanish

Misleyita

Misleyite

Misy

German

Niveit

Spanish

Niveita

Niveite

Pseudo-copiapite

Violite

Yellow Copperas

Greek

Μισυ

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