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Grossular

Pictures (420 Images total)

Grossular
Views (Image: 1487077999): 5095, Rating: 9.82
Grossular

Himbeeroter Grossular mit gut sichtbarem schwarzen Andradit Kern; X = ca. 13 mm

Collection: Andreas Schmid
Copyright: Andreas Schmid
Contribution: Andreas Schmid 2017-02-14
Locality: Sierra de Cruces / Sierra Mojada, Municipio / Coahuila / Mexiko
Grossular
Views (Image: 1218905537): 3438, Rating: 9.57
Grossular

Größe: 11 x 11 mm; Fundort: Jeffrey Mine, Asbestos, Shipton Township, Richmond Co., Québec, Kanada

Copyright: Matteo Chinellato
Contribution: Hg 2008-08-16
Locality: Jeffrey Mine / Val-des-Sources (Asbestos) / Les Sources, RCM / Estrie, Region / Québec / Kanada
Grossular
Views (Image: 1293061608): 3953, Rating: 9.5
Grossular

Größe: 3,98 mm; Fundort: Jeffrey Mine, Asbestos, Shipton Township, Richmond Co., Québec, Kanada

Collection: Domenico Preite
Copyright: Matteo Chinellato
Contribution: Hg 2010-12-23
Locality: Jeffrey Mine / Val-des-Sources (Asbestos) / Les Sources, RCM / Estrie, Region / Québec / Kanada
Grossular
Views (Image: 1284625741): 3266, Rating: 9.5
Grossular

Größe: 3,27 mm; Fundort: Bellecombe, Aostatal, Italien

Collection: Domenico Preite
Copyright: Matteo Chinellato
Contribution: Hg 2010-09-16
Locality: Bellecombe / Châtillon / Aostatal (Valle d'Aosta), Region / Italien
Grossular
Views (Image: 1319361893): 4489, Rating: 9.75
Grossular

Größe: 1,8 mm; Fundort: Bellecombe, Aostatal, Italien

Copyright: Enrico Bonacina
Contribution: Hg 2011-10-23
Locality: Bellecombe / Châtillon / Aostatal (Valle d'Aosta), Region / Italien
Grossular
Views (Image: 1229070467): 7228
Grossular

Größe: 5,8 mm; Fundort: Mapimi, Durango, Mexiko

Copyright: Matteo Chinellato
Contribution: Hg 2008-12-12
Locality: Mapimí, Municipio / Durango / Mexiko

Collectors Summary

Color braun, farblos, grün, grau, gelb
Streak color bräunlich weiß
Hardness (Mohs) 6.5 - 7.5
Solubility + HF, - Säuren
Crystal System kubisch, Ia3d

Additional information / Summary

Siehe auch Mineralienportrait: Granat - Grossular

Chemism

Chem­ical formula

{Ca3}[Al2](Si3)O12

Chem­ical com­po­si­tion

Aluminium, Calcium, Silicium, Sauerstoff

Unit weight: 450.4480264 u; Number of atoms in the formula: 20

Info

Empirical formula:

{Ca3}[Al2](Si3)O12

Element

Symbol

Weight%

Atoms

Atoms%

Atom weight (u)

Sum weight (u)

Oxygen

O

42.62

12

60.00

15.9994300

191.9931600

Aluminium

Al

11.98

2

10.00

26.9815382

53.9630764

Silicon

Si

18.71

3

15.00

28.0855300

84.2565900

Calcium

Ca

26.69

3

15.00

40.0784000

120.2352000

Anal­y­sis wt%

SiO2 : 40.06, Al2O3 : 19.89, Fe2O3 : 2.23, MgO : 1.11, CaO : 36.37 (Ref: Zeitschrift ür Kristallographie 66)

Strunz 9th edi­tion incl. updates

9.AD.25

9: Silikate (Germanate)
A: Inselsilikate (Nesosilikate)
D: Insel(Neso)silikate ohne weitere Anionen; Kationen in oktahedraler [6] und gewöhnlich größerer Koordination
25:Granat-Gruppe

Lapis Clas­sifica­tion

VIII/A.08-070

VIII: SILIKATE
A: Inselsilikate mit [SiO4] 4--Baugruppen
8: Kationen in kubischer und oktaedrischer Koordination [8+6]; Granat-Gruppe

Clas­sifica­tion by Hölzel

9.AC.250

9: SILICATES
A: Nesosilicates
C: Garnet-Group
2: Ugrandites - 8-coord. Ca, Rare Earth Elements; Grossular-Group - 6-coord. Al

Dana 8th edi­tion

51.04.03b.02

51: Nesosilicate Minerals
04: Nesosilicates Nesosilicate Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
03b: Garnet group (Ugrandite series)

IMA sta­tus

Anerkannt von der CNMNC

Min­eral sta­tus

anerkanntes Mineral

IMA Classification

IMA Clas­sifica­tion

Garnet supergroup  ⇒ Silicate garnets; Garnet group (Z charge 12)

Optical Properties

Color

braun, farblos, grün, grau, gelb

Streak color

bräunlich weiß

Diaphane­ity (Trans­parency)

transparent bis teilweise durchscheinend

RI value α / ω / n

1.737

Ri mean

1.737

2V angle

Isotropisch

Optical Data Luminescence

Color LW-UV (365nm)

 

rot

LW-UV Intensity

schwach

MW-UV (320nm)

 

rot

MW-UV Intensity

schwach

Color SW-UV (254nm)

 

rot

SW-UV Intensity

extrem schwach

LW-UV Other Col­ors

     

violettrot, rosa, lachsrosa

MW-UV Other Col­ors

 

violettrot

SW-UV Other Col­ors

   

orange, dunkelorange gelbbraun

Most Common Acti­vator

Cr3+

Other Acti­vators

Mn2+, V2+

After­glow (Per­sistant Lumi­nes­cence)

Mit bloßem Auge konnte keine Phosphoreszenz festgestellt werden.

Ther­mo­lu­mi­nes­cence

vorhanden

Crystallography

Crystal Sys­tem

kubisch

Class (H-M)

m3m

Space Group number

230

Space Group

Ia3d

Cell param­e­ters a (Å)

11.855

Cell param­e­ters b (Å)

-

Cell param­e­ters c (Å)

-

Cell param­e­ters a/b or c/a

1

Cell param­e­ters c/b

-

Cell param­e­ters α

90°

Cell param­e­ters β

90°

Cell param­e­ters γ

90°

Z

8

Volumne (ų)

1666.114

X-Ray Pow­der Diffrac­tion

2.964(40),
2.651(100),
2.420(20),
2.325(20),
2.164(10),
1.923(20),
1.644(20),
1.584(30)

XRD chart Grossular

Calculated from d-spacing and intensity at 0.1541838 nm (Cu)

Crystals 3D

Open larger view

Crystal Structure 3D

Open larger view

Physical Properties

Hard­ness (Mohs)

6.5 - 7.5

VHN (Hard­ness Vick­ers)

1110 (ungefähre Angabe abgeleitet aus der Mohshärte)

Density (g/cm³)

3.42 - 3.72 / Durchschnittlich = 3.57

3.591 ( ρ calc. Mineralienatlas )

Insta­bil­ity

+ HF, - Säuren

(Co-)Type locality

(Co-)Type locality

Russland/Ferner Osten, Föderationskreis/Sacha (Jakutija, Jakutien, Yakutia), Republik/Wiljui-Becken (Wilui; Vilyui; Vilui)/Chernyshevsk

Type mate­r­ial

Mineralogische Sammlung der TU Bergakademie Freiberg

Col­lec­tion number of type mate­r­ial

100201 / K 93

Preface

Name from

dem lateinischen Wort für Stachelbeere (ribes grossularia) in Ableitung der häufig grünen Farbe

Author (Name, Year)

Werner, 1811

References

Handbook of Mineralogy (Anthony et al.), 2 (1995), 303.

Grew, E.S., Locock, A.J., Mills, S.J., Galuskina, I.O., Galuskin, E.V., Halenius, U., 2012; Nomenclature of the garnet supergroup. American Mineralogist; preprint December 2012 - [Formel]

IMA group assignments

 
neue Definition: {X3}[Y2](Z3)φ12
kubisch
 


 
 
 
{Fe2+3}[Al2](Si3)O12
kubisch
Ia3d

 
 
 
{Ca3}[Fe3+2](Si3)O12
kubisch
Ia3d

 
 
 
{Mn2+3}[Fe3+2](Si3)O12
kubisch
Ia3d

 
 
 
{Ca3}[V3+2](Si3)O12
kubisch
Ia3d

 
 
 
{Ca3}[V3+2](Si3)O12
kubisch
Ia3d

 
 
 
{Ca3}[Al2](Si3)O12
kubisch
Ia3d

 
 
 
{Ca3}[Ti2](SiAl2)O12
kubisch
Ia3d

 
 
 
{Mg3}[Cr3+2](Si3)O12
kubisch
Ia3d

 
 
 
Mg3(MgSi)(SiO4)3
kubisch
 

 
 
 
{Y2Ca}[Mg2](Si3)O12
kubisch
Ia3d

 
 
 
{Mn2+3}[V3+2](Si3)O12
kubisch
Ia3d

 
 
 
{Ca3}[TiFe2+](Si3)O12
kubisch
Ia3d

 
 
 
{Mg3}[Al2](Si3)O12
kubisch
Ia3d

 
 
 
{Mn2+3}[Al2](Si3)O12
kubisch
Ia3d

 
 
 
{Ca3}[Cr3+2](Si3)O12
kubisch
Ia3d

Refresh list

Actuality: 29. Nov 2021 - 18:03:35

Related minerals "Strunz Classification" (9. Edition) [Mineral | Chemical formula | Crystal system : Class (H-M) : Space Group | Indenture number]

Pyrope

{Mg3}[Al2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

9.AD.25

'Garnet supergroup'

neue Definition: {X3}[Y2](Z3)φ12

kubisch : kubisch-hexakisoktaedrisch

9.AD.25

Katoite

{Ca3}[Al2](☐3)(OH)12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

9.AD.25

Majorite

Mg3(MgSi)(SiO4)3

9.AD.25

'Melanite' (Var.v. Andradite)

9.AD.25

Rubinite

Ca3Ti3+2Si3O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

9.AD.25

Wadalite

Ca6Al5Si2O16Cl3

kubisch : 43m : I43d

9.AD.25

Almandine

{Fe2+3}[Al2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

9.AD.25

Andradite

{Ca3}[Fe3+2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

9.AD.25

Calderite

{Mn2+3}[Fe3+2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

9.AD.25

'Hessonite' (Var.v. Grossular)

Ca3Al2(SiO4)3

9.AD.25

'Hibschite' (Var.v. Grossular)

Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4*x {x<0.2-1.5}

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

9.AD.25

Kimzeyite

{Ca3}[Zr2](SiAl2)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

9.AD.25

Uvarovite

{Ca3}[Cr3+2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

9.AD.25

Goldmanite

{Ca3}[V3+2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

9.AD.25

Grossular

{Ca3}[Al2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

9.AD.25

Holtstamite

{Ca3}[Al2](Si2)(☐)O8(OH)4

tetragonal : 4/mmm : I41/acd

9.AD.25

Hutcheonite

{Ca3}[Ti2](SiAl2)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

9.AD.25

Knorringite

{Mg3}[Cr3+2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

9.AD.25

Morimotoite

{Ca3}[TiFe2+](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

9.AD.25

Schorlomite

{Ca3}[Ti2](SiFe3+2)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

9.AD.25

Spessartine

{Mn2+3}[Al2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

9.AD.25

Momoiite

{Mn2+3}[V3+2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

9.AD.25

Kerimasite

{Ca3}[Zr2](SiFe3+2)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

9.AD.25

Toturite

{Ca3}[Sn4+2](SiFe3+2)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

9.AD.25

Menzerite-(Y)

{Y2Ca}[Mg2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

9.AD.25

Elbrusite

{Ca3}[U6+0.5Zr1.5](Fe3+3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

9.AD.25

Bitikleite

{Ca3}[Sb5+Sn4+](Al3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

9.AD.25

Usturite

{Ca3}[Sb5+Zr](Fe3+3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

9.AD.25

Eringaite

{Ca3}[V3+2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

9.AD.25

Dzhuluite

{Ca3}[Sb5+Sn4+](Fe3+3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

9.AD.25

Irinarassite

{Ca3}[Sn4+2](SiAl2)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

9.AD.25

Eltyubyuite

Ca12Fe3+10Si4O32Cl6

kubisch : 43m : I43d

9.AD.25

Adrianite

Ca12(Al4Mg3Si7)O32Cl6

kubisch : 43m : I43d

9.AD.25

Priscillagrewite-(Y)

YCa2Zr2Al3O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

9.AD.25

'Hydroandradite' (Var.v. Andradite)

Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x

9.AD.25

'Hydrougrandite'

(Ca,Mg,Fe2+)3(Fe3+,Al)2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x

9.AD.25

Nikmelnikovite

Ca12Fe2+Fe3+3Al3(SiO4)6(OH)20

trigonal : 3 : R3

9.AD.25

Henritermierite

{Ca3}[Mn3+2](Si2)(☐)O8(OH)4

tetragonal : 4/mmm : I41/acd

9.AD.25

Related minerals "Lapis Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula | Crystal system : Class (H-M) : Space Group | Indenture number]

Pyrope

{Mg3}[Al2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

VIII/A.08-010

Almandine

{Fe2+3}[Al2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

VIII/A.08-020

Spessartine

{Mn2+3}[Al2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

VIII/A.08-030

Calderite

{Mn2+3}[Fe3+2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

VIII/A.08-040

Knorringite

{Mg3}[Cr3+2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

VIII/A.08-050

Majorite

Mg3(MgSi)(SiO4)3

VIII/A.08-060

Menzerite-(Y)

{Y2Ca}[Mg2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

VIII/A.08-065

Grossular

{Ca3}[Al2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

VIII/A.08-070

'Hibschite' (Var.v. Grossular)

Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4*x {x<0.2-1.5}

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

VIII/A.08-080

Katoite

{Ca3}[Al2](☐3)(OH)12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

VIII/A.08-090

'Hydrougrandite'

(Ca,Mg,Fe2+)3(Fe3+,Al)2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x

VIII/A.08-100

Andradite

{Ca3}[Fe3+2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

VIII/A.08-110

Schorlomite

{Ca3}[Ti2](SiFe3+2)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

VIII/A.08-120

Morimotoite

{Ca3}[TiFe2+](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

VIII/A.08-125

Uvarovite

{Ca3}[Cr3+2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

VIII/A.08-130

Momoiite

{Mn2+3}[V3+2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

VIII/A.08-138

Goldmanite

{Ca3}[V3+2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

VIII/A.08-140

Eringaite

{Ca3}[V3+2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

VIII/A.08-145

Kimzeyite

{Ca3}[Zr2](SiAl2)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

VIII/A.08-150

Bitikleite

{Ca3}[Sb5+Sn4+](Al3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

VIII/A.08-160

Dzhuluite

{Ca3}[Sb5+Sn4+](Fe3+3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

VIII/A.08-165

Usturite

{Ca3}[Sb5+Zr](Fe3+3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

VIII/A.08-170

Irinarassite

{Ca3}[Sn4+2](SiAl2)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

VIII/A.08-175

Toturite

{Ca3}[Sn4+2](SiFe3+2)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

VIII/A.08-180

Kerimasite

{Ca3}[Zr2](SiFe3+2)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

VIII/A.08-185

Elbrusite

{Ca3}[U6+0.5Zr1.5](Fe3+3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

VIII/A.08-190

Wadalite

Ca6Al5Si2O16Cl3

kubisch : 43m : I43d

VIII/A.08-200

Eltyubyuite

Ca12Fe3+10Si4O32Cl6

kubisch : 43m : I43d

VIII/A.08-205

Holtstamite

{Ca3}[Al2](Si2)(☐)O8(OH)4

tetragonal : 4/mmm : I41/acd

VIII/A.08-210

Henritermierite

{Ca3}[Mn3+2](Si2)(☐)O8(OH)4

tetragonal : 4/mmm : I41/acd

VIII/A.08-220

Related minerals "Hoelzel Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula : Crystal system : Class (H-M) | Space Group | Indenture number]

Grossular

{Ca3}[Al2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

9.AC.250

Related minerals "Dana 8. Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula : Crystal system : Class (H-M) | Space Group | Indenture number]

Bredigite

Ca7Mg(SiO4)4

orthorhombisch : mmm : Pnnm

51.04.01.01

Merwinite

Ca3Mg(SiO4)2

monoklin : 2/m : P21/a

51.04.02.01

Pyrope

{Mg3}[Al2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

51.04.03a.01

Almandine

{Fe2+3}[Al2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

51.04.03a.02

Spessartine

{Mn2+3}[Al2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

51.04.03a.03

Knorringite

{Mg3}[Cr3+2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

51.04.03a.04

Majorite

Mg3(MgSi)(SiO4)3

51.04.03a.05

Calderite

{Mn2+3}[Fe3+2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

51.04.03a.06

Andradite

{Ca3}[Fe3+2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

51.04.03b.01

Grossular

{Ca3}[Al2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

51.04.03b.02

Uvarovite

{Ca3}[Cr3+2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

51.04.03b.03

Goldmanite

{Ca3}[V3+2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

51.04.03b.04

Schorlomite

{Ca3}[Ti2](SiFe3+2)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

51.04.03c.01

Kimzeyite

{Ca3}[Zr2](SiAl2)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

51.04.03c.02

Morimotoite

{Ca3}[TiFe2+](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

51.04.03c.03

'Hibschite' (Var.v. Grossular)

Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4*x {x<0.2-1.5}

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

51.04.03d.01

Katoite

{Ca3}[Al2](☐3)(OH)12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

51.04.03d.02

Henritermierite

{Ca3}[Mn3+2](Si2)(☐)O8(OH)4

tetragonal : 4/mmm : I41/acd

51.04.04.01

Wadalite

Ca6Al5Si2O16Cl3

kubisch : 43m : I43d

51.04.05.01

Rondorfite

Ca8Mg[Cl2|(SiO4)4]

kubisch : m3 : Fd3

51.04.06.01

Varieties

Chromian Grossular

chromhaltige Grossular-Varietät; kein Uwarowit

Hessonite

Hessonit = orangroter, rotbrauner bis zimtfarbener Grossular

Hibschite

Varietät von Grossular

Hydrogrossular

Tsavorite

chromhaltige Varietät von Grossular

Alternative Name

German

Colophonit

Spanish

Colophonita

Colophonite

German

Ernit

Spanish

Ernita

Ernite

English

Essonite

Garnet Jade

Gooseberry-Garnet

Grossular Garnet

German

Grossularit

Spanish

Grossularita

English

Grossularite

Kalkthongranat

Kanelstein

German

Kolophonit

German

Olyntholit

Spanish

Olyntholita

Olyntholite

Pechgranat

Plazolith

Romanzovite

German

Rumanzowit

German

Rumjanzowit

South African Jade

German

Tellemarkit

Spanish

Tellemarkita

Tellemarkite

Italian

Viluita

Italian

Wilouita

French

Wilouite

Wiluite (of Severgin)

Simplified Chinese

绿榴石贵

钙铝榴石

Simplified Chinese

钙铝石榴子石

CNMNC symbol

Symbol

Grs

Automatic Links to external internet sources (Responsibility is with the operator)

German pages

DeWikiPedia - search for: Grossular
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English pages

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RRUFF - References and PDF downloads - search for: Grossular
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Russian pages

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German pages

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