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Hetaerolite

Pictures (10 Images total)

Hetaerolith
Views (Image: 1405935360): 1207
Hetaerolith (SNr: A019578)

Dipyramidale schwarze hochglänzende Kristalle auf dunklebraunen Siderit, BB = 1 mm; Fundort: Esperanza, Kamariza, Lavrion, Griechenland.

Collection: Lithothek der Münchener Micromounter
Copyright: Hannes Osterhammer
Contribution: Münchener Micromounter 2014-07-21
Locality: Esperanza Mine / Km 3, Revier / Lavrion (Laurion), Bergbaudistrikt / Attika (Attikí, Attica) / Griechenland
Hetaerolith auf Kupfer
Views (Image: 1278246216): 1255
Hetaerolith auf Kupfer

Größe: 55x31x22 mm; Fundort: Copper Queen Mine, Queen Hill, Bisbee, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA

Copyright: Rob Lavinsky
Contribution: slugslayer 2010-07-04
Locality: Copper Queen Mine (Halero Mine) / Queen Hill / Bisbee / Warren District / Mule Mts / Cochise Co. / Arizona / USA
Hetaerolith
Views (Image: 1274638059): 1103
Hetaerolith

Hetaerolith mit Zinkit. Bildbreite: 3,1 mm, Fundort: Sterling Mine, Franklin, New Jersey, USA

Copyright: Public Domain
Contribution: thdun5 2010-05-23
Locality: Sterling Mine / Sterling Hill / Ogdensburg / Franklin Mining District / Sussex Co. / New Jersey / USA
Hetaerolith auf Kupfer
Views (Image: 1278245797): 1097
Hetaerolith auf Kupfer

Größe: 36x32x15 mm; Fundort: Copper Queen Mine, Queen Hill, Bisbee, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA

Copyright: Rob Lavinsky
Contribution: slugslayer 2010-07-04
Locality: Copper Queen Mine (Halero Mine) / Queen Hill / Bisbee / Warren District / Mule Mts / Cochise Co. / Arizona / USA
Hetaerolith auf Dolomit
Views (Image: 1265877684): 1573
Hetaerolith auf Dolomit

Bildbreite: 3 mm; Fundort: Esperanza Mine, Revier Km3, Lavrion, Griechenland

Copyright: Fritz Schreiber
Contribution: Hg 2010-02-11
Locality: Esperanza Mine / Km 3, Revier / Lavrion (Laurion), Bergbaudistrikt / Attika (Attikí, Attica) / Griechenland
Hetaerolith
Views (Image: 1278253898): 729
Hetaerolith

Größe: 83x44x42 mm; Fundort: Campbell Mine, Bisbee, Warren District, Mule Mts, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA

Copyright: Rob Lavinsky
Contribution: slugslayer 2010-07-04
Locality: Campbell Shaft (Campbell Mine) / Bisbee / Warren District / Mule Mts / Cochise Co. / Arizona / USA

Collectors Summary

Color schwarz
Streak color bräunlichschwarz
Hardness (Mohs) 5.75
Solubility +++ Säuren
Crystal System tetragonal, I41/amd

Chemism

Chem­ical formula

ZnMn23+O4

Chem­ical com­po­si­tion

Mangan, Zink, Sauerstoff

Unit weight: 239.2832198 u; Number of atoms in the formula: 7

Info

Empirical formula:

ZnMn2O4

Element

Symbol

Weight%

Atoms

Atoms%

Atom weight (u)

Sum weight (u)

Oxygen

O

26.75

4

57.14

15.9994300

63.9977200

Manganese

Mn

45.92

2

28.57

54.9380499

109.8760998

Zinc

Zn

27.34

1

14.29

65.4094000

65.4094000

Anal­y­sis wt%

ZnO : 32.46, MnO : 1.86, Mn2O3 : 64.21, MgO : 0.49 (Ref: American Mineralogist 28)

Strunz 9th edi­tion incl. updates

4.BB.10

4: Oxide, Hydroxide (Oxide, Hydroxide, V[5,6]-Vanadate, Arsenite, Antimonite, Bismutite, Sulfite, Selenite, Tellurite, Iodate)
B: Metall: Sauerstoff = 3:4 und vergleichbare
B: Mit ausschließlich mittelgroßen [Kationen]
10:Hausmannit-Gruppe

Lapis Clas­sifica­tion

IV/B.05-040

IV: OXIDE
B: Oxide mit Verhältnis Metall zu Sauerstoff = 3:4 (Spinelltyp M3O4 und verwandte Verbindungen)

Clas­sifica­tion by Hölzel

4.BE.100

4: OXIDES
B: Spinels R3O4
E: Mn-Spinels

Dana 8th edi­tion

07.02.07.02

07: Multiple Oxides
02: Multiple Oxides (A+ B++)2 X4 Spinel group

IMA sta­tus

Erstbeschreibung vor CNMNC-Gründung (1959), als Mineral meist anerkannt

Min­eral sta­tus

anerkanntes Mineral

IMA Classification

IMA Clas­sifica­tion

Spinel supergroup  ⇒ Oxyspinel group  ⇒ Spinel subgroup

Optical Properties

Color

schwarz

Streak color

bräunlichschwarz

Diaphane­ity (Trans­parency)

teilweise durchscheinend bis opak

max. Birefrin­gence

0.20

Birefringence chart\! Hetaerolite title=Birefringence chart Hetaerolite

Michel-Levy Color Chart viewed according to the maximum birefringence (at 30μm). Mineral color is not taken into account. Click on the image to enlarge or change thickness.

RI value α / ω / n

2.34

RI value γ / ε

2.14

Ri mean

2.273

2V angle

Uniaxial (-)

Optical Data Luminescence

Lumi­nes­cence

keine Fluoreszenz bekannt

Crystallography

Crystal Sys­tem

tetragonal

Class (H-M)

4/mmm

Space Group number

141

Space Group

I41/amd

Cell param­e­ters a (Å)

5.75

Cell param­e­ters b (Å)

-

Cell param­e­ters c (Å)

9.17

Cell param­e­ters a/b or c/a

1.595

Cell param­e­ters c/b

-

Cell param­e­ters α

90°

Cell param­e­ters β

90°

Cell param­e­ters γ

90°

Z

4

Volumne (ų)

303.183

X-Ray Pow­der Diffrac­tion

3.040(80),
2.855(50),
2.707(90),
2.462(100),
2.019(40),
1.756(40),
1.563(50),
1.521(70)

XRD chart Hetaerolite

Calculated from d-spacing and intensity at 0.1541838 nm (Cu)

Crystals 3D

Open larger view

Crystal Structure 3D

Open larger view

Physical Properties

Hard­ness (Mohs)

5.75

VHN (Hard­ness Vick­ers)

618 (100g)

Density (g/cm³)

4.85 - 5.18 / Durchschnittlich = 5.01

5.242 ( ρ calc. Mineralienatlas )

Insta­bil­ity

+++ Säuren

Preface

Author (Name, Year)

Moore, 1877

References

Handbook of Mineralogy (Anthony et al.), 3 (1997), 244

IMA group assignments

Related minerals "Strunz Classification" (9. Edition) [Mineral | Chemical formula | Crystal system : Class (H-M) : Space Group | Indenture number]

Iwakiite

Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn3+)2O4

tetragonal : 4/mmm : I41/amd

4.BB.10

Hausmannite

Mn2+Mn23+O4

tetragonal : 4/mmm : I41/amd

4.BB.10

Hetaerolite

ZnMn23+O4

tetragonal : 4/mmm : I41/amd

4.BB.10

'Hydrohetaerolite'

HZnMn3+1.7O4

tetragonal : 4/mmm : I41/amd

4.BB.10

Related minerals "Lapis Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula | Crystal system : Class (H-M) : Space Group | Indenture number]

Hausmannite

Mn2+Mn23+O4

tetragonal : 4/mmm : I41/amd

IV/B.05-010

Iwakiite

Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn3+)2O4

tetragonal : 4/mmm : I41/amd

IV/B.05-020

Xieite

FeCr2O4

orthorhombisch : mmm : Bbmm

IV/B.05-025

Hetaerolite

ZnMn23+O4

tetragonal : 4/mmm : I41/amd

IV/B.05-040

'Hydrohetaerolite'

HZnMn3+1.7O4

tetragonal : 4/mmm : I41/amd

IV/B.05-050

Harmunite

CaFe2O4

orthorhombisch : mmm : Pnma

IV/B.05-058

Marokite

CaMn23+O4

orthorhombisch : mmm, mm2 : Pmab, P21ab

IV/B.05-060

Tegengrenite

(Mg,Mn2+)2(Sb5+,Mn3+)O4

trigonal : 3, 3 : R3, R3

IV/B.05-065

Filipstadite

(Mn2+,Mg)2(Fe3+0.5Sb5+0.5)O4

kubisch : m3m : Fd3m

IV/B.05-070

Related minerals "Hoelzel Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula : Crystal system : Class (H-M) | Space Group | Indenture number]

Hetaerolite

ZnMn23+O4

tetragonal : 4/mmm : I41/amd

4.BE.100

'Hydrohetaerolite'

HZnMn3+1.7O4

tetragonal : 4/mmm : I41/amd

4.BE.105

Hausmannite

Mn2+Mn23+O4

tetragonal : 4/mmm : I41/amd

4.BE.150

Iwakiite

Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn3+)2O4

tetragonal : 4/mmm : I41/amd

4.BE.170

Marokite

CaMn23+O4

orthorhombisch : mmm, mm2 : Pmab, P21ab

4.BE.190

Related minerals "Dana 8. Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula : Crystal system : Class (H-M) | Space Group | Indenture number]

Spinel

MgAl2O4

kubisch : m3m : Fd3m

07.02.01.01

Galaxite

(Mn,Fe2+,Mg)(Al,Fe3+)2O4

kubisch : m3m : Fd3m

07.02.01.02

Hercynite

Fe2+Al2O4

kubisch : m3m : Fd3m

07.02.01.03

Gahnite

ZnAl2O4

kubisch : m3m : Fd3m

07.02.01.04

Magnesioferrite

MgFe23+O4

kubisch : m3m : Fd3m

07.02.02.01

Jacobsite

(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)(Fe3+,Mn3+)2O4

kubisch : m3m : Fd3m

07.02.02.02

Magnetite

Fe2+Fe23+O4

kubisch : m3m : Fd3m

07.02.02.03

Franklinite

(Zn,Mn2+,Fe2+)(Fe3+,Mn3+)2O4

kubisch : m3m : Fd3m

07.02.02.04

Trevorite

NiFe23+O4

kubisch : m3m : Fd3m

07.02.02.05

Cuprospinel

(Cu,Mg)Fe23+O4

kubisch : m3m : Fd3m

07.02.02.06

Brunogeierite

(Fe2+)2Ge4+O4

kubisch : m3m : Fd3m

07.02.02.07

Magnesiochromite

MgCr2O4

kubisch : m3m : Fd3m

07.02.03.01

Manganochromite

(Mn,Fe2+)(Cr,V)2O4

kubisch : m3m : Fd3m

07.02.03.02

Chromite

Fe2+Cr2O4

kubisch : m3m : Fd3m

07.02.03.03

Cochromite

(Co,Ni,Fe2+)(Cr,Al)2O4

kubisch : m3m : Fd3m

07.02.03.05

Zincochromite

ZnCr2O4

kubisch : m3m : Fd3m

07.02.03.06

Vuorelainenite

(Mn2+,Fe2+)(V3+,Cr3+)2O4

kubisch : m3m : Fd3m

07.02.04.01

Coulsonite

Fe2+V23+O4

kubisch : m3m : Fd3m

07.02.04.02

Magnesiocoulsonite

MgV23+O4

kubisch : m3m : Fd3m

07.02.04.03

Qandilite

(Mg,Fe2+)2(Ti,Fe3+,Al)O4

kubisch : m3m : Fd3m

07.02.05.01

Ulvöspinel

TiFe22+O4

kubisch : m3m : Fd3m

07.02.05.02

Kusachiite

CuBi2O4

tetragonal : 4/mmm : P4/ncc

07.02.06.01

Iwakiite

Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn3+)2O4

tetragonal : 4/mmm : I41/amd

07.02.06.02

Hausmannite

Mn2+Mn23+O4

tetragonal : 4/mmm : I41/amd

07.02.07.01

Hetaerolite

ZnMn23+O4

tetragonal : 4/mmm : I41/amd

07.02.07.02

'Hydrohetaerolite'

HZnMn3+1.7O4

tetragonal : 4/mmm : I41/amd

07.02.07.03

Minium

Pb2+2Pb4+O4

tetragonal : 4/mmm : P42/mbc

07.02.08.01

Chrysoberyl

BeAl2O4

orthorhombisch : mmm : Pbnm

07.02.09.01

Alternative Name

Hetaerolit

Hetaerolita

Hetaerolite (of Moore)

Zinc Hausmannite

Simplified Chinese

锌锰矿

Simplified Chinese

锌黑锰矿

CNMNC symbol

Symbol

Hta

Automatic Links to external internet sources (Responsibility is with the operator)

German pages

DeWikiPedia - search for: Hetaerolith
Google-Bilder-Suche - search for: Hetaerolith
Mineralogisch-Petrographisches-Institut Hamburg - search for: Hetaerolith

English pages

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Handbook-of-Mineralogy - search for: Hetaerolite
RRUFF - Raman, XRD and other mineral data - search for: Hetaerolite
RRUFF - References and PDF downloads - search for: Hetaerolite
American-Mineralogist-Crystal-Structure-Database - search for: Hetaerolite
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Russian pages

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German pages

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Locations with GPS information