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Hydronium jarosite

Pictures (7 Images total)

Hydronium-Jarosit
Views (Image: 1178635601): 2277
Hydronium-Jarosit

Fundort Serpieri Mine, Kamariza, Lavrion, Griechenland

Copyright: Fritz Schreiber
Contribution: Hg 2007-05-08
Locality: Serpieri Mine / Kamariza / Lavrion (Laurion), Bergbaudistrikt / Attika (Attikí, Attica) / Griechenland
Hydronium Jarosit
Views (Image: 1250706664): 1986
Hydronium Jarosit

Größe: 70x50 mm; Fundort: Namib Lead Mine, Swakopmund, Erongo Region, Namibia

Collection: giantcrystal
Copyright: slugslayer
Contribution: slugslayer 2009-08-19
Locality: Namib Lead Mine (Deblin Mine) / Rössingberge / Arandis / Swakopmund, Kreis / Erongo, Region / Namibia
Alunit-Supergruppe, Hydronium Jarosit? Visuell Bestimmt
Views (Image: 1397323326): 1183
Alunit-Supergruppe, Hydronium Jarosit? Visuell Bestimmt (SNr: A017758)  D

Tafelige gelbgrüne Kristalle, BB = 1,5 mm, Fundort: Kamariza, Laurion (Lavrion), Attika, Griechenland.

Collection: Lithothek der Münchener Micromounter
Copyright: Hannes Osterhammer
Contribution: Münchener Micromounter 2014-04-12
Locality: Kamariza / Lavrion (Laurion), Bergbaudistrikt / Attika (Attikí, Attica) / Griechenland
Hydronium-Jarosit perimorph nach Gips
Views (Image: 1361563767): 1439
Hydronium-Jarosit perimorph nach Gips (SNr: A015019)

Braune hohle Krusten, BB = 6 mm, Fundort: Genna Zinkhütte, Iserlohn-Letmathe, Sauerland, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Deutschland.

Collection: Lithothek der Münchener Micromounter
Copyright: Hannes Osterhammer
Contribution: Münchener Micromounter 2013-02-22
Locality: Genna Zinkhütte / Letmathe / Iserlohn / Märkischer Kreis / Arnsberg, Bezirk / Nordrhein-Westfalen / Deutschland
Hydronium Jarosit
Views (Image: 1378928164): 1222
Hydronium Jarosit (SNr: A003602)

Sechseckige gelbe tafelige Kristalle, BB = 1 mm. Fundort: Kamariza, Lavrion, Attika, Griechenland.

Collection: Lithothek der Münchener Micromounter
Copyright: Hannes Osterhammer
Contribution: Münchener Micromounter 2013-09-11
Locality: Kamariza / Lavrion (Laurion), Bergbaudistrikt / Attika (Attikí, Attica) / Griechenland
Hydronium Jarosit
Views (Image: 1412713529): 501
Hydronium Jarosit (SNr: A027249)

Keilförmige braune Kristalle, BB = 2,2 mm; Fundort: Christiana Mine, Kamariza, Laurion (Lavrion), Attika, Griechenland.

Collection: Lithothek der Münchener Micromounter
Copyright: Hannes Osterhammer
Contribution: Münchener Micromounter 2014-10-07
Locality: Christiana-Stollen / Mercati Minen / Agios Konstantinos / Kamariza / Lavrion (Laurion), Bergbaudistrikt / Attika (Attikí, Attica) / Griechenland

Collectors Summary

Color goldgelb
Streak color blassgelb
Lustre Sub-Diamantglanz, Glasglanz, Fettglanz
Hardness (Mohs) 4.00 - 4.50
Solubility +++ HCl, - H2O
Crystal System trigonal, R3m

Chemism

Chem­ical formula

(H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6

Chem­ical com­po­si­tion

Eisen, Sauerstoff, Schwefel, Wasserstoff

Unit weight: 480.729573 u; Number of atoms in the formula: 29

Info

Empirical formula:

(H3O)Fe3(SO4)2(OH)6

Element

Symbol

Weight%

Atoms

Atoms%

Atom weight (u)

Sum weight (u)

Hydrogen

H

1.89

9

31.03

1.0079470

9.0715230

Oxygen

O

49.92

15

51.72

15.9994300

239.9914500

Sulfur

S

13.34

2

6.90

32.0655000

64.1310000

Iron

Fe

34.85

3

10.34

55.8452000

167.5356000

Anal­y­sis wt%

K2O : 0.52, Na2O : 0.43, Fe2O3 : 48.90, SO3 : 32.71, H2O : 15.09 (Ref: American Mineralogist 65)

Strunz 9th edi­tion incl. updates

7.BC.10

7: Sulfate (Selenate, Tellurate, Chromate, Molybdate, Wolframate)
B: Sulfate (Selenate, etc.) mit weitere Anionen, ohne H2O
C: Mit mittelgroßen und großen [Kationen]
10:Alunit-Gruppe

Lapis Clas­sifica­tion

VI/B.11-080

VI: SULFATE, CHROMATE, MOLYBDATE UND WOLFRAMATE
B: Wasserfreie Sulfate, mit fremden Anionen
11: Große Kationen vor-wiegend; Alunit-Gruppe

Clas­sifica­tion by Hölzel

7.BB.230

7: SULFATES CHROMATES MOLYBDATES WOLFRAMATES
B: Sulfates (+Anions -Water)
B: Alunite-Group (sulfatian)
2: Alunites with NH4+, H+, H3O+

Dana 8th edi­tion

30.02.05.03

30: Anhydrous Sulfates Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
02: Anhydrous Sulfates Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen where (A B)2 XO4 Zq
05: Alunite Group (Jarosite Subgroup)

IMA sta­tus

anerkannt, Neuklassifiziert von Scott (1987)

Min­eral sta­tus

anerkanntes Mineral

IMA Classification

IMA Clas­sifica­tion

Alunite supergroup  ⇒ Alunite group with -1c

Optical Properties

Color

goldgelb

Streak color

blassgelb

Diaphane­ity (Trans­parency)

durchscheinend

Lus­tre

Sub-Diamantglanz, Glasglanz, Fettglanz

max. Birefrin­gence

0.088

Birefringence chart\! Hydronium jarosite title=Birefringence chart Hydronium jarosite

Michel-Levy Color Chart viewed according to the maximum birefringence (at 30μm). Mineral color is not taken into account. Click on the image to enlarge or change thickness.

RI value α / ω / n

1.816

RI value γ / ε

1.728

Ri mean

1.787

2V angle

Uniaxial (-)

Crystallography

Crystal Sys­tem

trigonal

Class (H-M)

3m

Space Group number

160

Space Group

R3m

Cell param­e­ters a (Å)

7.31

Cell param­e­ters b (Å)

-

Cell param­e­ters c (Å)

17.12

Cell param­e­ters a/b or c/a

2.342

Cell param­e­ters c/b

-

Z

3

Volumne (ų)

792.263

X-Ray Pow­der Diffrac­tion

5.93(40),
5.56(40),
5.05(50),
3.11(100),
3.06(100),
2.228(40),
1.975(50),
1.830(50)

XRD chart Hydronium jarosite

Calculated from d-spacing and intensity at 0.1541838 nm (Cu)

Crystals 3D

Open larger view

Crystal Structure 3D

Open larger view

Physical Properties

Hard­ness (Mohs)

4.00 - 4.50

VHN (Hard­ness Vick­ers)

230 (ungefähre Angabe abgeleitet aus der Mohshärte)

Density (g/cm³)

3.17 (berechnet) 2.9 - 3.26 (gemessen)

3.023 ( ρ calc. Mineralienatlas )

Insta­bil­ity

+++ HCl, - H2O

Preface

Author (Name, Year)

Kubisz, 1960

References

American Mineralogist 41 (1956), 288.

Bulletin de l'Academie Polonaise des Sciences, Série des Sciences Chimiques, Géologiques, et Géographiques 8 (1960), 95.

American Mineralogist 46 (1961), 243.

American Mineralogist 50 (1965), 1595-1607.

Canadian Mineralogist 14 (1976), 156.

American Mineralogist 72 (1987), 178.

Handbook of Mineralogy (Anthony u.w.), 5 (2003), 312.

Drouet, C. and Navrotsky, A. - Synthesis, characterization, and thermochemistry of K-Na-H3O jarosites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 67 (2003), 2063-2076.

Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 31 (2004), 518.

IMA group assignments

Related minerals "Strunz Classification" (9. Edition) [Mineral | Chemical formula | Crystal system : Class (H-M) : Space Group | Indenture number]

Alunite

KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

7.BC.10

Huangite

Ca0.5Al3[(OH)6|(SO4)2]

trigonal : 3m : R3m

7.BC.10

Jarosite

KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

7.BC.10

Walthierite

Ba0.5Al3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

7.BC.10

Natroalunite-1c

Na2Al3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

7.BC.10

Osarizawaite

Pb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

7.BC.10

Dorallcharite

(Tl,K)Fe3+3[(OH)6|(SO4)2]

trigonal : 3m : R3m

7.BC.10

Natrojarosite

NaFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

7.BC.10

Ammonioalunite

NH4Al3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m, 3m : R3m, R3m

7.BC.10

Beaverite-(Cu)

Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

7.BC.10

Plumbojarosite

PbFe63+(SO4)4(OH)12

trigonal : 3m : R3m

7.BC.10

Ammoniojarosite

NH4Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

7.BC.10

Argentojarosite

AgFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

7.BC.10

Beaverite-(Zn)

Pb(Fe3+2Zn)(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

7.BC.10

Natroalunite-2c

NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

7.BC.10

Schlossmacherite

(H3O,Ca)Al3(AsO4,SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

7.BC.10

Hydronium jarosite

(H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

7.BC.10

Related minerals "Lapis Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula | Crystal system : Class (H-M) : Space Group | Indenture number]

Natroalunite-1c

Na2Al3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

VI/B.11-010

Alunite

KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

VI/B.11-020

Ammonioalunite

NH4Al3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m, 3m : R3m, R3m

VI/B.11-030

Huangite

Ca0.5Al3[(OH)6|(SO4)2]

trigonal : 3m : R3m

VI/B.11-043

Walthierite

Ba0.5Al3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

VI/B.11-045

Natrojarosite

NaFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

VI/B.11-050

Jarosite

KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

VI/B.11-060

Dorallcharite

(Tl,K)Fe3+3[(OH)6|(SO4)2]

trigonal : 3m : R3m

VI/B.11-065

Ammoniojarosite

NH4Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

VI/B.11-070

Hydronium jarosite

(H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

VI/B.11-080

Argentojarosite

AgFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

VI/B.11-090

Plumbojarosite

PbFe63+(SO4)4(OH)12

trigonal : 3m : R3m

VI/B.11-100

Osarizawaite

Pb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

VI/B.11-110

Beaverite-(Zn)

Pb(Fe3+2Zn)(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

VI/B.11-115

Beaverite-(Cu)

Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

VI/B.11-120

Krivovichevite

Pb3[Al(OH)6](SO4)(OH)

trigonal : 3m : R3c

VI/B.11-130

Related minerals "Hoelzel Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula : Crystal system : Class (H-M) | Space Group | Indenture number]

Ammonioalunite

NH4Al3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m, 3m : R3m, R3m

7.BB.200

Ammoniojarosite

NH4Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

7.BB.220

Hydronium jarosite

(H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

7.BB.230

Related minerals "Dana 8. Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula : Crystal system : Class (H-M) | Space Group | Indenture number]

Lanarkite

Pb2(SO4)O

monoklin : 2/m : C2/m

30.02.01.01

Dolerophanite

Cu2(SO4)O

monoklin : 2/m : C2/m

30.02.02.01

Linarite

PbCu(SO4)(OH)2

monoklin : 2/m : P21/m

30.02.03.01

Alunite

KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

30.02.04.01

Natroalunite-1c

Na2Al3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

30.02.04.02

Schlossmacherite

(H3O,Ca)Al3(AsO4,SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

30.02.04.03

Osarizawaite

Pb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

30.02.04.04

Natroalunite-2c

NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

30.02.04.05

Ammonioalunite

NH4Al3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m, 3m : R3m, R3m

30.02.04.06

Walthierite

Ba0.5Al3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

30.02.04.07

Huangite

Ca0.5Al3[(OH)6|(SO4)2]

trigonal : 3m : R3m

30.02.04.08

Jarosite

KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

30.02.05.01

Natrojarosite

NaFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

30.02.05.02

Hydronium jarosite

(H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

30.02.05.03

Ammoniojarosite

NH4Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

30.02.05.04

Argentojarosite

AgFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

30.02.05.05

Plumbojarosite

PbFe63+(SO4)4(OH)12

trigonal : 3m : R3m

30.02.05.06

Beaverite-(Cu)

Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

30.02.05.07

Dorallcharite

(Tl,K)Fe3+3[(OH)6|(SO4)2]

trigonal : 3m : R3m

30.02.05.08

Itoite

Pb3GeO2(SO4)2(OH)2

orthorhombisch : mmm : Pnma

30.02.06.01

Piypite

K4Cu4O2(SO4)4·(Na,Cu)Cl

tetragonal : 4 : I4

30.02.07.01

Kamchatkite

KCu32+OCl(SO4)2

orthorhombisch : mm2 : Pna21

30.02.08.01

Cannonite

Bi2O(SO4)(OH)2

monoklin : 2/m : P21/c

30.02.09.01

Other languages

Spanish

Hidroniojarosita

German

Hydronium Jarosit

French

Hydronium Jarosite

English

Hydronium jarosite

Russian

Гидрониоярозит

Simplified Chinese

水合氢黄铁矾

Traditional Chinese

水合氫黃鐵礬

Alternative Name

Borgstroemite

Finnish

Borgströmite

German

Carphosiderit

Spanish

Carphosiderita

English

Carphosiderite

Cyprusite

Gelbeisenerz (of Hausmann Rammelsberg)

Hydronium-Jarosit

Hydroniumjarosit

Hydroniumjarosite

German

Karphosiderit

Spanish

Karphosiderita

Karphosiderite

Utahite (of Damour)

IMA Number

IMA 1985-C

Automatic Links to external internet sources (Responsibility is with the operator)

German pages

DeWikiPedia - search for: Hydronium Jarosit
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English pages

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RRUFF - References and PDF downloads - search for: Hydronium jarosite
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Russian pages

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German pages

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