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Jarosite

Pictures (145 Images total)

Jarosit
Views (Image: 1195849087): 6707, Rating: 8.67
Jarosit

Fundort: Jaroso Ravine, Sierra Almagrera, Los Lobos, Cuevas de Almanzora, Almería, Andalusien, Spanien; Bildbreite: 2 mm

Copyright: Christian Rewitzer
Contribution: Klinoklas 2007-11-23
Locality: Jaroso Ravine (Baranco Del Jaroso) / Sierra Almagrera / Los Lobos / Cuevas de Almanzora / Almería, Provinz / Andalusien (Andalucía) / Spanien
Jarosit mit "Hydrohämatit"
Views (Image: 1377606170): 5516, Rating: 8.88
Jarosit mit "Hydrohämatit"

Bildbreite: 13 mm; Fundort: Grube Käusersteimel, Kausen, Siegerland, Rheinland-Pfalz, Deutschland

Collection: Christof Schäfer
Copyright: Matthias Reinhardt
Contribution: Hg 2013-08-27
Locality: Grube Käusersteimel / Kausen / Altenkirchen (Westerwald), Kreis / Rheinland-Pfalz / Deutschland
Jarosit auf Gips
Views (Image: 1505768557): 3045, Rating: 9.13
Jarosit auf Gips

Jarosit auf verschmolzenem Gips; Túnel del Arteal (El Arteal, Socavón Santa Bárbara), Las Herrerías, Cuevas de Almanzora, Almería, Andalusien, Spanien; Bildbreite 1,2 mm; Stackingaufnahme mit 192 E...

Copyright: Stefan
Contribution: Stefan 2017-09-18
Locality: Túnel del Arteal (El Arteal, Socavón Santa Bárbara) / Las Herrerías / Cuevas de Almanzora / Almería, Provinz / Andalusien (Andalucía) / Spanien
Jarosit
Views (Image: 1404730950): 5521, Rating: 9.29
Jarosit

Bildbreite: 1,6 mm; Fundort: Mina Maria Josefa, Rodalquilar, Níjar, Andalusien, Spanien

Copyright: Christian Rewitzer
Contribution: Hg 2014-07-07
Locality: Maria Josefa Mine / Rodalquilar / Nationalpark Cabo de Gata-Nijar / Níjar / Almería, Provinz / Andalusien (Andalucía) / Spanien
Jarosit
Views (Image: 1412414959): 3412
Jarosit

Bildbreite: 4 mm; Fundort: Jaroso Ravine, Sierra Almagrera, Los Lobos, Cuevas de Almanzora, Almería, Andalusien, Spanien

Copyright: Stephan Wolfsried
Contribution: Hg 2014-10-04
Locality: Jaroso Ravine (Baranco Del Jaroso) / Sierra Almagrera / Los Lobos / Cuevas de Almanzora / Almería, Provinz / Andalusien (Andalucía) / Spanien
Jarosit
Views (Image: 1220130729): 2624
Jarosit (SNr: A025077)

Kamariza Halde, Lavrion,Attika, GR

Collection: Lithothek der Münchener Micromounter
Copyright: Hannes Osterhammer
Contribution: eschuhbauer 2008-08-30
Locality: Kamariza / Lavrion (Laurion), Bergbaudistrikt / Attika (Attikí, Attica) / Griechenland

Collectors Summary

Color braun, gelb, gelbbraun, hellgelb
Streak color gelb
Lustre Subdiamantglanz, Glasglanz, Harzglanz
Hardness (Mohs) 2.5 - 3.5
Solubility +++ Säuren - H2O
Crystal System trigonal, R3m
Morphology tafelige, pseudokubische Kristalle, meist aber in Form kristalliner Krusten oder faseriger, nieriger, körniger, pulveriger bis erdiger Aggregate; auch Pseudomorphosen nach Alunit

Additional information / Summary

Jarosit ist chemisch gesehen ein Kalium-Eisen-Sulfat mit zusätzlichen Hydroxidionen.

Chemism

Chem­ical formula

KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6

Chem­ical com­po­si­tion

Eisen, Kalium, Sauerstoff, Schwefel, Wasserstoff

Unit weight: 500.804612 u; Number of atoms in the formula: 26

Info

Empirical formula:

KFe3(SO4)2(OH)6

Element

Symbol

Weight%

Atoms

Atoms%

Atom weight (u)

Sum weight (u)

Hydrogen

H

1.21

6

23.08

1.0079470

6.0476820

Oxygen

O

44.73

14

53.85

15.9994300

223.9920200

Sulfur

S

12.81

2

7.69

32.0655000

64.1310000

Potassium

K

7.81

1

3.85

39.0983100

39.0983100

Iron

Fe

33.45

3

11.54

55.8452000

167.5356000

Anal­y­sis wt%

K2O : 7.75, Na2O : 0.55, Fe2O3 : 48.63, SO3 : 32.02, H2O : 10.61 (Ref: Dana, 7th ed. 2)

Strunz 9th edi­tion incl. updates

7.BC.10

7: Sulfate (Selenate, Tellurate, Chromate, Molybdate, Wolframate)
B: Sulfate (Selenate, etc.) mit weitere Anionen, ohne H2O
C: Mit mittelgroßen und großen [Kationen]
10:Alunit-Gruppe

Lapis Clas­sifica­tion

VI/B.11-060

VI: SULFATE, CHROMATE, MOLYBDATE UND WOLFRAMATE
B: Wasserfreie Sulfate, mit fremden Anionen
11: Große Kationen vor-wiegend; Alunit-Gruppe

Clas­sifica­tion by Hölzel

7.BB.145

7: SULFATES CHROMATES MOLYBDATES WOLFRAMATES
B: Sulfates (+Anions -Water)
B: Alunite-Group (sulfatian)
1: Alunites with alkalies, Ag, Tl

Dana 8th edi­tion

30.02.05.01

30: Anhydrous Sulfates Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
02: Anhydrous Sulfates Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen where (A B)2 XO4 Zq
05: Alunite Group (Jarosite Subgroup)

IMA sta­tus

Neudefinition von der CNMNC anerkannt

Min­eral sta­tus

anerkanntes Mineral

IMA Classification

IMA Clas­sifica­tion

Alunite supergroup  ⇒ Alunite group with -1c

Optical Properties

Color

braun, gelb, gelbbraun, hellgelb

Streak color

gelb

Diaphane­ity (Trans­parency)

durchscheinend

Lus­tre

Subdiamantglanz, Glasglanz, Harzglanz

max. Birefrin­gence

0.102

Birefringence chart\! Jarosite title=Birefringence chart Jarosite

Michel-Levy Color Chart viewed according to the maximum birefringence (at 30μm). Mineral color is not taken into account. Click on the image to enlarge or change thickness.

RI value α / ω / n

1.815 - 1.820

RI value γ / ε

1.713 - 1.715

Ri mean

1.785

2V angle

Uniaxial (-)

Absorp­tion

E > O

Pleochro­ism

farblos zu rötlichbraun

Optical Data Luminescence

Lumi­nes­cence

keine Fluoreszenz bekannt

Crystallography

Crystal Sys­tem

trigonal

Class (H-M)

3m

Space Group number

166

Space Group

R3m

Cell param­e­ters a (Å)

7.29

Cell param­e­ters b (Å)

-

Cell param­e­ters c (Å)

17.16

Cell param­e­ters a/b or c/a

2.354

Cell param­e­ters c/b

-

Z

3

Volumne (ų)

789.774

X-Ray Pow­der Diffrac­tion

5.11(80),
3.12(50),
3.09(100),
2.870(30),
2.553(50),
2.297(30),
2.292(30),
1.982(30)

XRD chart Jarosite

Calculated from d-spacing and intensity at 0.1541838 nm (Cu)

Morphol­ogy

tafelige, pseudokubische Kristalle, meist aber in Form kristalliner Krusten oder faseriger, nieriger, körniger, pulveriger bis erdiger Aggregate; auch Pseudomorphosen nach Alunit

Crystals 3D

Open larger view

Crystal Structure 3D

Open larger view

Physical Properties

Hard­ness (Mohs)

2.5 - 3.5

VHN (Hard­ness Vick­ers)

83 (ungefähre Angabe abgeleitet aus der Mohshärte)

Density (g/cm³)

3.1 (gemessen) 3.127 (berechnet)

3.159 ( ρ calc. Mineralienatlas )

Insta­bil­ity

+++ Säuren - H2O

Chem­ical Prop­er­ties and Tests

E. V. Belogub, N. K. Nikandrova: Mössbauer spectroscopy of Pb-bearing minerals from the jarosite group. Geology of Ore Deposits Volume 53, Number 7 (2011) S.649-656.

(Co-)Type locality

(Co-)Type locality

Spanien/Andalusien (Andalucía)/Almería, Provinz/Cuevas de Almanzora/Las Herrerías/Túnel del Arteal (El Arteal, Socavón Santa Bárbara)

Spanien/Andalusien (Andalucía)/Almería, Provinz/Cuevas de Almanzora/Los Lobos/Sierra Almagrera/Jaroso Ravine (Baranco Del Jaroso)

Type mate­r­ial

Mineralogische Sammlung der TU Bergakademie Freiberg

Col­lec­tion number of type mate­r­ial

17982 / a 8,1

Par­a­ge­n­e­sis of type mate­r­ial

Hämatit

Preface

Gen­er­a­tion con­di­tions

Jarosit bildet sich als typisches Sekundärmineral durch Verwitterung aus Eisensulfiden, meist aus Pyrit.

Asso­cia­tions

neben Pyrit und anderen auch Natrojarosit , mit dem es eine lückenlose Mischkristallreihe bildet

Rare­ness

häufig

Name from

nach der Typlokalität Barranco Jaroso in der Sierra Almagrera in der spanischen Provinz Almería

Author (Name, Year)

Breithaupt, 1852

Rel­evance, Usage

Jarosit wurde bereits in der Urgeschichte als Farbpigment (gelber Farbstoff) verwendet.

References

  • Handbook of Mineralogy (Anthony et al.), 5 (2003), 330
  • John E. Dutrizac, John L. Jambor: Jarosites and Their Application in Hydrometallurgy. Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry 40 (2000) S.405-452.
  • R. E. Stoffregen, C. N. Alpers, J. L. Jambor: Alunite-Jarosite Crystallography, Thermodynamics, and Geochronology. Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry 40 (2000) S.453-479.
  • Looking for jarosite on Mars: The low-temperature crystal structure of jarosite - American Mineralogist, Volume 98 (2013), pages 1966–1971

IMA group assignments

 
DG3(TX4)2X’6
 
 


 
 
 
KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
trigonal
R3m

 
 
 
NH4Al3(SO4)2(OH)6
trigonal
R3m, R3m

 
 
 
NH4Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
trigonal
R3m

 
 
 
AgFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
trigonal
R3m

 
 
 
Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
trigonal
R3m

 
 
 
Pb(Fe3+2Zn)(SO4)2(OH)6
trigonal
R3m

 
 
 
(Tl,K)Fe3+3[(OH)6|(SO4)2]
trigonal
R3m

 
 
 
(H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
trigonal
R3m

 
 
 
KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
trigonal
R3m

 
 
 
Na2Al3(SO4)2(OH)6
trigonal
R3m

 
 
 
NaFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
trigonal
R3m

 
 
 
Pb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
trigonal
R3m

 
 
 
(H3O,Ca)Al3(AsO4,SO4)2(OH)6
trigonal
R3m

Refresh list

Actuality: 01. Mar 2021 - 00:48:28

Related minerals "Strunz Classification" (9. Edition) [Mineral | Chemical formula | Crystal system : Class (H-M) : Space Group | Indenture number]

Alunite

KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

7.BC.10

Huangite

Ca0.5Al3[(OH)6|(SO4)2]

trigonal : 3m : R3m

7.BC.10

Jarosite

KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

7.BC.10

Walthierite

Ba0.5Al3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

7.BC.10

Natroalunite-1c

Na2Al3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

7.BC.10

Osarizawaite

Pb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

7.BC.10

Dorallcharite

(Tl,K)Fe3+3[(OH)6|(SO4)2]

trigonal : 3m : R3m

7.BC.10

Natrojarosite

NaFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

7.BC.10

Ammonioalunite

NH4Al3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m, 3m : R3m, R3m

7.BC.10

Beaverite-(Cu)

Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

7.BC.10

Plumbojarosite

PbFe63+(SO4)4(OH)12

trigonal : 3m : R3m

7.BC.10

Ammoniojarosite

NH4Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

7.BC.10

Argentojarosite

AgFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

7.BC.10

Beaverite-(Zn)

Pb(Fe3+2Zn)(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

7.BC.10

Natroalunite-2c

NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

7.BC.10

Schlossmacherite

(H3O,Ca)Al3(AsO4,SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

7.BC.10

Hydronium jarosite

(H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

7.BC.10

Related minerals "Lapis Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula | Crystal system : Class (H-M) : Space Group | Indenture number]

Natroalunite-1c

Na2Al3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

VI/B.11-010

Alunite

KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

VI/B.11-020

Ammonioalunite

NH4Al3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m, 3m : R3m, R3m

VI/B.11-030

Huangite

Ca0.5Al3[(OH)6|(SO4)2]

trigonal : 3m : R3m

VI/B.11-043

Walthierite

Ba0.5Al3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

VI/B.11-045

Natrojarosite

NaFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

VI/B.11-050

Jarosite

KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

VI/B.11-060

Dorallcharite

(Tl,K)Fe3+3[(OH)6|(SO4)2]

trigonal : 3m : R3m

VI/B.11-065

Ammoniojarosite

NH4Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

VI/B.11-070

Hydronium jarosite

(H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

VI/B.11-080

Argentojarosite

AgFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

VI/B.11-090

Plumbojarosite

PbFe63+(SO4)4(OH)12

trigonal : 3m : R3m

VI/B.11-100

Osarizawaite

Pb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

VI/B.11-110

Beaverite-(Zn)

Pb(Fe3+2Zn)(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

VI/B.11-115

Beaverite-(Cu)

Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

VI/B.11-120

Krivovichevite

Pb3[Al(OH)6](SO4)(OH)

trigonal : 3m : R3c

VI/B.11-130

Related minerals "Hoelzel Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula : Crystal system : Class (H-M) | Space Group | Indenture number]

Natroalunite-1c

Na2Al3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

7.BB.100

Alunite

KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

7.BB.110

Natrojarosite

NaFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

7.BB.140

Jarosite

KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

7.BB.145

Argentojarosite

AgFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

7.BB.160

Dorallcharite

(Tl,K)Fe3+3[(OH)6|(SO4)2]

trigonal : 3m : R3m

7.BB.170

Related minerals "Dana 8. Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula : Crystal system : Class (H-M) | Space Group | Indenture number]

Lanarkite

Pb2(SO4)O

monoklin : 2/m : C2/m

30.02.01.01

Dolerophanite

Cu2(SO4)O

monoklin : 2/m : C2/m

30.02.02.01

Linarite

PbCu(SO4)(OH)2

monoklin : 2/m : P21/m

30.02.03.01

Alunite

KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

30.02.04.01

Natroalunite-1c

Na2Al3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

30.02.04.02

Schlossmacherite

(H3O,Ca)Al3(AsO4,SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

30.02.04.03

Osarizawaite

Pb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

30.02.04.04

Natroalunite-2c

NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

30.02.04.05

Ammonioalunite

NH4Al3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m, 3m : R3m, R3m

30.02.04.06

Walthierite

Ba0.5Al3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

30.02.04.07

Huangite

Ca0.5Al3[(OH)6|(SO4)2]

trigonal : 3m : R3m

30.02.04.08

Jarosite

KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

30.02.05.01

Natrojarosite

NaFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

30.02.05.02

Hydronium jarosite

(H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

30.02.05.03

Ammoniojarosite

NH4Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

30.02.05.04

Argentojarosite

AgFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

30.02.05.05

Plumbojarosite

PbFe63+(SO4)4(OH)12

trigonal : 3m : R3m

30.02.05.06

Beaverite-(Cu)

Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

30.02.05.07

Dorallcharite

(Tl,K)Fe3+3[(OH)6|(SO4)2]

trigonal : 3m : R3m

30.02.05.08

Itoite

Pb3GeO2(SO4)2(OH)2

orthorhombisch : mmm : Pnma

30.02.06.01

Piypite

K4Cu4O2(SO4)4·(Na,Cu)Cl

tetragonal : 4 : I4

30.02.07.01

Kamchatkite

KCu32+OCl(SO4)2

orthorhombisch : mm2 : Pna21

30.02.08.01

Cannonite

Bi2O(SO4)(OH)2

monoklin : 2/m : P21/c

30.02.09.01

Varieties

Planoferrite

wasserhaltiger Jarosit

Other languages

Dutch

Jarosiet

German

Jarosit

Spanish

Jarosita

French

Jarosite

English

Jarosite

Polish

Jarosyt

Russian

Ярозит

Alternative Name

German

Antunesit

Spanish

Antunesita

Antunesite

German

Antunezit

Spanish

Antunezita

Antunezite

German

Antunit

English

Autunezite

Gelbeisenstein

Jarosite (of Breithaupt)

German

Leucanterit

Spanish

Leucanterita

Leucanterite

English

Moronolite

German

Pastréit

Italian

Raimondita

Raimondite

English

Selenjarosite

Simplified Chinese

黄钾铁矾

Automatic Links to external internet sources (Responsibility is with the operator)

German pages

DeWikiPedia - search for: Jarosit
Google-Bilder-Suche - search for: Jarosit
Mineralogisch-Petrographisches-Institut Hamburg - search for: Jarosit

English pages

Mindat - search for: Jarosite
Webmineral - search for:Jarosite
Handbook-of-Mineralogy - search for: Jarosite
RRUFF - Raman, XRD and other mineral data - search for: Jarosite
RRUFF - References and PDF downloads - search for: Jarosite
American-Mineralogist-Crystal-Structure-Database - search for: Jarosite
Athena - search for: Jarosite

Russian pages

Webmineral.ru - search for: Ярозит

Mineral Dealer

German pages

hausen - Mineralgroßhandel - search for: Jarosit
Crystal-Treasure.com - search for: Jarosit
Bosse - search for: Jarosit

Locations with GPS information