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Kalinite

Pictures (2 Images total)

Kalinit
Views (Image: 1506439048): 1168
Kalinit

Silver Peak Range,Silver Peak District,Esmeralda County/Nevada USA; Größe 23 x 14 mm

Collection: Haubi
Copyright: Haubi
Contribution: Haubi 2017-09-26
Locality: Silver Peak District / Esmeralda Co. / Nevada / USA
Kalinit
Views (Image: 1560688056): 270
Kalinit

San Cataldo, Sizilien, Italien. Bildbreite 0,7 mm

Collection: Ulrich Baumgärtl
Copyright: Ulrich Baumgärtl
Contribution: Ulrich Baumgärtl 2019-06-16
Locality: San Cataldo / Caltanissetta, Provinz / Sizilien (Sicilia), Region / Italien

Collectors Summary

Color farblos, weiß
Streak color weiß
Hardness (Mohs) 2.25
Solubility +++ H2O
Crystal System monoklin, C2/c

Chemism

Chem­ical formula

KAl(SO4)2·11 H2O

Chem­ical com­po­si­tion

Aluminium, Kalium, Sauerstoff, Schwefel, Wasserstoff

Unit weight: 456.3748522 u; Number of atoms in the formula: 45

Info

Empirical formula:

KAl(SO4)2·11H2O

Element

Symbol

Weight%

Atoms

Atoms%

Atom weight (u)

Sum weight (u)

Hydrogen

H

4.86

22

48.89

1.0079470

22.1748340

Oxygen

O

66.61

19

42.22

15.9994300

303.9891700

Aluminium

Al

5.91

1

2.22

26.9815382

26.9815382

Sulfur

S

14.05

2

4.44

32.0655000

64.1310000

Potassium

K

8.57

1

2.22

39.0983100

39.0983100

Anal­y­sis wt%

K2O : 10.32, Al2O3 : 11.17, SO3 : 35.09, H2O : 43.42 (Ref: berechnet)

Strunz 9th edi­tion incl. updates

7.CC.15

7: Sulfate (Selenate, Tellurate, Chromate, Molybdate, Wolframate)
C: Sulfate (Selenate, etc.) ohne weitere Anionen, mit H2O
C: Mit mittelgroßen und großen [Kationen]
15:Mendozit-Gruppe

Lapis Clas­sifica­tion

VI/C.13-020

VI: SULFATE, CHROMATE, MOLYBDATE UND WOLFRAMATE
C: Wasserhaltige Sulfate, ohne fremde Anionen
13: Mittelgroße und sehr große Kationen

Clas­sifica­tion by Hölzel

7.CD.285

7: SULFATES CHROMATES MOLYBDATES WOLFRAMATES
C: Sulfates (-Anions +Water)
D: Sulfates, C medium + large
2: Halotrichite-Group

IMA sta­tus

Erstbeschreibung vor CNMNC-Gründung (1959), als Mineral meist anerkannt

Min­eral sta­tus

anerkanntes Mineral

Optical Properties

Color

farblos, weiß

Streak color

weiß

Diaphane­ity (Trans­parency)

transparent

max. Birefrin­gence

0.028

Birefringence chart\! Kalinite title=Birefringence chart Kalinite

Michel-Levy Color Chart viewed according to the maximum birefringence (at 30μm). Mineral color is not taken into account. Click on the image to enlarge or change thickness.

RI value α / ω / n

1.430

RI value β

1.452

RI value γ / ε

1.458

Ri mean

1.447

2V angle

Biaxial (-) 52°

Optical Data Luminescence

Lumi­nes­cence

phosphoreszierend fluoreszierend

Color LW-UV (365nm)

 

weiß

Crystallography

Crystal Sys­tem

monoklin

Class (H-M)

2/m

Space Group number

15

Space Group

C2/c

Cell param­e­ters a (Å)

19.91

Cell param­e­ters b (Å)

9.27

Cell param­e­ters c (Å)

8.304

Cell param­e­ters a/b or c/a

2.148

Cell param­e­ters c/b

0.896

Cell param­e­ters α

90°

Cell param­e­ters β

98.78

Cell param­e­ters γ

90°

Z

4

Volumne (ų)

1514.674

X-Ray Pow­der Diffrac­tion

9.55(60),
4.83(100),
4.32(100),
4.11(100),
3.48(100),
3.32(60),
2.670(60)

XRD chart Kalinite

Calculated from d-spacing and intensity at 0.1541838 nm (Cu)

Crystals 3D

Open larger view

Physical Properties

Hard­ness (Mohs)

2.25

VHN (Hard­ness Vick­ers)

42 (ungefähre Angabe abgeleitet aus der Mohshärte)

Density (g/cm³)

1.76

2.001 ( ρ calc. Mineralienatlas )

Insta­bil­ity

+++ H2O

Preface

Author (Name, Year)

Dana, 1868

References

Handbook of Mineralogy (Anthony et al.), 5 (2003), 344

Related minerals "Strunz Classification" (9. Edition) [Mineral | Chemical formula | Crystal system : Class (H-M) : Space Group | Indenture number]

Kalinite

KAl(SO4)2·11 H2O

monoklin : 2/m : C2/c

7.CC.15

Mendozite

NaAl(SO4)2·11H2O

monoklin : 2/m : C2/c

7.CC.15

Related minerals "Lapis Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula | Crystal system : Class (H-M) : Space Group | Indenture number]

Mendozite

NaAl(SO4)2·11H2O

monoklin : 2/m : C2/c

VI/C.13-010

Kalinite

KAl(SO4)2·11 H2O

monoklin : 2/m : C2/c

VI/C.13-020

Related minerals "Hoelzel Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula : Crystal system : Class (H-M) | Space Group | Indenture number]

Pickeringite

MgAl2(SO4)4·22H2O

monoklin : 2/m : P21/c

7.CD.200

Dietrichite

(Zn,Fe2+,Mn)Al2(SO4)4·22H2O

monoklin : 2/m : P21/c

7.CD.210

Halotrichite

Fe2+Al2(SO4)4·22H2O

monoklin : 2/m : P21/c

7.CD.220

Wupatkiite

(Co,Mg)Al2[SO4]4·22H2O

monoklin : 2/m : P21/c

7.CD.225

Apjohnite

MnAl2(SO4)4·22H2O

monoklin : 2/m : P21/c

7.CD.230

Bílinite

Fe2+Fe23+(SO4)4·22H2O

monoklin : 2/m : P21/c

7.CD.240

'Redingtonite'

(Fe2+,Mg,Ni)(Cr,Al)2(SO4)4·22H2O

7.CD.250

Mendozite

NaAl(SO4)2·11H2O

monoklin : 2/m : C2/c

7.CD.280

Kalinite

KAl(SO4)2·11 H2O

monoklin : 2/m : C2/c

7.CD.285

Other languages

Spanish

Calinita

German

Kalinit

French

Kalinite

English

Kalinite

Russian

Калинит

Alternative Name

German

Alumotrichit

Spanish

Alumotrichita

Alumotrichite

German

Kalinischer Alumsulphat

Spanish

Kalinita

Potash Alum

Potassalumite

Automatic Links to external internet sources (Responsibility is with the operator)

German pages

DeWikiPedia - search for: Kalinit
Google-Bilder-Suche - search for: Kalinit
Mineralogisch-Petrographisches-Institut Hamburg - search for: Kalinit

English pages

Mindat - search for: Kalinite
Webmineral - search for:Kalinite
Handbook-of-Mineralogy - search for: Kalinite
RRUFF - Raman, XRD and other mineral data - search for: Kalinite
RRUFF - References and PDF downloads - search for: Kalinite
American-Mineralogist-Crystal-Structure-Database - search for: Kalinite
Athena - search for: Kalinite

Russian pages

Webmineral.ru - search for: Калинит

Mineral Dealer

German pages

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Crystal-Treasure.com - search for: Kalinit
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Locations with GPS information