'._('einklappen').'
 

Palladium

Pictures (2 Images total)

Palladium
Views (Image: 1188555705): 7630
Palladium

Schmelzperle und Barren

Collection: scheidewasser
Copyright: scheidewasser
Contribution: Hg 2007-08-31
Palladium
Views (Image: 1225544275): 7427
Palladium (SNr: A012613)

Fo.: New Cornelia Mine, Ajo, Pima Co., Arizona, USA, spitzkegelige, silberschwarze XX, BB 1,0mm

Collection: Lithothek der Münchener Micromounter
Copyright: Hannes Osterhammer
Contribution: Münchener Micromounter 2008-11-01
Locality: New Cornelia Mine (Ajo Mine) / Ajo / Ajo District / Little Ajo Mts / Pima Co. / Arizona / USA

Collectors Summary

Color weiß, stahlgrau
Lustre Metallglanz
Hardness (Mohs) 4.5 - 5
Solubility +++ HNO3
Crystal System kubisch, Fm3m

Chemism

Chem­ical formula

Pd

Chem­ical com­po­si­tion

Palladium

Unit weight: 106.421 u; Number of atoms in the formula: 1

Info

Empirical formula:

Pd

Element

Symbol

Weight%

Atoms

Atoms%

Atom weight (u)

Sum weight (u)

Palladium

Pd

100.00

1

100.00

106.4210000

106.4210000

Anal­y­sis wt%

? Pd : 99.00, PLT : 99.00

Strunz 9th edi­tion incl. updates

1.AF.10

1: Elemente (Metalle, intermetallische Legierungen, Metalloide u. Nichtmetalle, Carbide, Silicide, Nitride u. Phosphide)
A: Metalle und intermetallische Legierungen
F: Platin-Gruppen-Elemente (PGE)
10:Rhodium-Gruppe

Lapis Clas­sifica­tion

I/A.14-020

I: ELEMENTE
A: Metalle und intermetallische Verbindungen
14: Platinmetalle und Platin-Eisen-Verbindungen, Verbindungen mit Zinn/Blei und Verwandte

Clas­sifica­tion by Hölzel

1.AG.210

1: ELEMENTS
A: Metals, Intermetallic Compounds, and Alloys
G: PGE-Group

Hey's Chem­ical Index of Min­er­als

01.66

01: Elements and Alloys (including the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au)

Dana 8th edi­tion

01.02.01.04

01: Native Elements and Alloys
02: Native Elements with platinum group metals and alloys
01: Platinum group (Space Group Fm3m)

IMA sta­tus

Erstbeschreibung vor CNMNC-Gründung (1959), als Mineral meist anerkannt

Min­eral sta­tus

anerkanntes Mineral

Optical Properties

Color

weiß, stahlgrau

Change in color

weiß mit Creme Farbton in reflektiertem Licht

Diaphane­ity (Trans­parency)

opak

Lus­tre

Metallglanz

Reflec­tiv­ity: (Lambda nm) ↓, ↑, Ø

(400) 60.60, , 60.60
(420) 62.00, , 62.00
(440) 63.40, , 63.40
(460) 64.60, , 64.60
(480) 65.60, , 65.60
(500) 66.40, , 66.40
(520) 67.20, , 67.20
(540) 67.80, , 67.80
(560) 68.30, , 68.30
(580) 68.90, , 68.90
(600) 69.50, , 69.50
(620) 70.20, , 70.20
(640) 70.90, , 70.90
(660) 71.70, , 71.70
(680) 72.50, , 72.50
(700) 73.40, , 73.40

Reflection chart Palladium

Reflec­tiv­ity Ø

67.69

Optical Data Luminescence

Lumi­nes­cence

keine Fluoreszenz bekannt

Crystallography

Crystal Sys­tem

kubisch

Class (H-M)

m3m

Space Group number

225

Space Group

Fm3m

Cell param­e­ters a (Å)

3.890

Cell param­e­ters b (Å)

-

Cell param­e­ters c (Å)

-

Cell param­e­ters a/b or c/a

1

Cell param­e­ters c/b

-

Cell param­e­ters α

90°

Cell param­e­ters β

90°

Cell param­e­ters γ

90°

Z

4

Volumne (ų)

58.864

X-Ray Pow­der Diffrac­tion

2.246(100),
1.945(40),
1.376(20),
1.173(20),
1.123(10),
0.892(10),
0.870(10)

XRD chart Palladium

Calculated from d-spacing and intensity at 0.1541838 nm (Cu)

Crystals 3D

Open larger view

Crystal Structure 3D

Open larger view

Physical Properties

Hard­ness (Mohs)

4.5 - 5

VHN (Hard­ness Vick­ers)

340 (ungefähre Angabe abgeleitet aus der Mohshärte)

Density (g/cm³)

12.036 (berechnet) 11.3 - 11.9 (gemessen)

12.008 ( ρ calc. Mineralienatlas )

Insta­bil­ity

+++ HNO3

Chem­ical Prop­er­ties and Tests

schmilzt bei 1555°C

Preface

Author (Name, Year)

Wollaston, 1803

References

Canadian Mineralogist 19 (1981), 599.

Handbook of Mineralogy (Anthony et al.), 1 (1990), 376.

Fleet, M.E., De Almeida, C.M., and Angeli, N. (2002) Botryoidal platinum, palladium and potarite from the Bom Sucesso stream, Minas Gerais, Brazil: compositional zoning and origin. - Canadian Mineralogist 40 (2002), 341.

Canadian Mineralogist 42 (2004), 683.

Canadian Mineralogist 44 (2006), 385.
Lehrbuch der Mineralogie/Rösler (1991)

Detailed description

Palladium als Element - Technische Daten

Ordnungszahl:

46

Dichte (g/cm3):

12,023

Härte:

4,5

relat. Atommasse (amu):

106,42

Atomradius (berechnet) in pm:

140 (169)

Oxidationszahlen:

±1

Elektronegativität (Pauling):

2,2

Elektronenkonfiguration:

[Kr]4d10

Schmelzpunkt:

1554,90°C (1828,05K)

Siedepunkt:

2963°C (3236 K)

natürl. Häufigkeit:

0,001 ppm

Related minerals "Strunz Classification" (9. Edition) [Mineral | Chemical formula | Crystal system : Class (H-M) : Space Group | Indenture number]

Platinum

Pt

kubisch : m3m : Fm3m

1.AF.10

Iridium

Ir

kubisch : m3m : Fm3m

1.AF.10

Rhodium

Rh

kubisch : m3m : Fm3m

1.AF.10

Palladium

Pd

kubisch : m3m : Fm3m

1.AF.10

'Osmiridium'

1.AF.10

Related minerals "Lapis Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula | Crystal system : Class (H-M) : Space Group | Indenture number]

Rhodium

Rh

kubisch : m3m : Fm3m

I/A.14-010

Palladium

Pd

kubisch : m3m : Fm3m

I/A.14-020

Iridium

Ir

kubisch : m3m : Fm3m

I/A.14-030

Platinum

Pt

kubisch : m3m : Fm3m

I/A.14-070

Yixunite

Pt3In

kubisch : m3m : Pm3m

I/A.14-080

Damiaoite

PtIn2

kubisch : m3m : Fm3m

I/A.14-085

Hongshiite

PtCu

I/A.14-090

Skaergaardite

PdCu

kubisch : m3m : Pm3m

I/A.14-100

Related minerals "Hoelzel Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula : Crystal system : Class (H-M) | Space Group | Indenture number]

Rhodium

Rh

kubisch : m3m : Fm3m

1.AG.200

Palladium

Pd

kubisch : m3m : Fm3m

1.AG.210

Iridium

Ir

kubisch : m3m : Fm3m

1.AG.220

Platinum

Pt

kubisch : m3m : Fm3m

1.AG.230

'Osmiridium'

1.AG.240

Damiaoite

PtIn2

kubisch : m3m : Fm3m

1.AG.260

Yixunite

Pt3In

kubisch : m3m : Pm3m

1.AG.270

Related minerals "Dana 8. Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula : Crystal system : Class (H-M) | Space Group | Indenture number]

Platinum

Pt

kubisch : m3m : Fm3m

01.02.01.01

Iridium

Ir

kubisch : m3m : Fm3m

01.02.01.02

Rhodium

Rh

kubisch : m3m : Fm3m

01.02.01.03

Palladium

Pd

kubisch : m3m : Fm3m

01.02.01.04

Osmium

Os

hexagonal : 6/mmm : P63/mmc

01.02.02.01

Ruthenium

Ru

hexagonal : 6/mmm : P63/mmc

01.02.02.02

Rutheniridosmine

(Ir,Os,Ru)

hexagonal : 6/mmm : P63/mmc

01.02.02.03

'Rhenium'

Re

hexagonal : 6/mmm : P63/mmc

01.02.02.04

Hexaferrum

(Fe,Os,Ru,Ir)

hexagonal : 6/mmm : P63/mmc

01.02.02.04

Hongshiite

PtCu

01.02.03.01

Tetraferroplatinum

PtFe

tetragonal : 4/mmm : P4/mmm

01.02.04.01

Tulameenite

Pt(Cu,Fe)

tetragonal : 4/mmm : P4/mmm

01.02.04.02

Ferronickelplatinum

Pt2FeNi

tetragonal : 4/mmm : P4/mmm

01.02.04.03

Potarite

PdHg

tetragonal : 4/mmm : P4/mmm

01.02.04.04

Rustenburgite

Pt3Sn

kubisch : m3m : Fm3m

01.02.05.02

Atokite

(Pd,Pt)3Sn

kubisch : m3m : Fm3m

01.02.05.03

Zvyagintsevite

Pd3Pb

kubisch : m3m : Pm3m

01.02.05.04

Chengdeite

Ir3Fe

kubisch : m3m : Pm3m

01.02.05.05

Yixunite

Pt3In

kubisch : m3m : Pm3m

01.02.05.06

Paolovite

Pd2Sn

orthorhombisch : mmm : Pbnm

01.02.06.01

Isoferroplatinum

Pt3Fe

kubisch : m3m : Pm3m

01.02.06.01

Taimyrite-I

(Pd,Cu,Pt)3Sn

01.02.07.01

Tatyanaite

(Pt,Pd,Cu)9Cu3Sn4

orthorhombisch : mm2, 222, mmm : Pmm2, P222, Pmmm

01.02.07.02

Cabriite

Pd2SnCu

orthorhombisch : mmm : Pmmm

01.02.08.01

Stannopalladinite

Pd3Sn2

hexagonal : 6/mmm : P63/mmc

01.02.09.01

Related minerals "Hey's Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula | Crystal system : Class (H-M) : Space Group | Indenture number]

Other languages

Friulian

Paladi

Swahili

Paladi

Vietnamese

Paladi

Croatian

Paladij

Slovenian

Paladij

Bosnian (Latin Script)

Paladijum

Serbokroatisch

Paladijum

Spanish

Paladio

Lithuanian

Paladis

Romanian

Paladiu

Indonesian

Paladium

Javanese

Paladium

Turkish

Paladyum

Haitian

Paladyòm

Estonian

Pallaadium

Manx

Pallaadjum

Polish

Pallad

Occitan

Palladi

Italian

Palladio

Corsican

Palladiu

Sicilian

Palladiu

English

Palladium

French

Palladium

German

Palladium

Uzbek (Latin Script)

Palladiy

Kurdish (Latin Script)

Palladyûm

Icelandic

Palladín

Hungarian

Palládium

Latvian

Pallādijs

Catalan

Pal·ladi

Portuguese

Paládio

Slovak

Paládium

Lojban

jinmrpaladi

Greek

Παλλάδιο

Bulgarian

Паладий

Serbian (Cyrillic Script)

Паладијум

Belarusian

Паладый

Ukrainian

Паладій

Russian

Палладий

Armenian

Պալադիում

Hebrew

פלדיום

Arabic

بالاديوم

Hindi

पलाडियम

Marathi

पॅलॅडियम

Bengali

প্যালাডিয়াম

Tamil

பலேடியம்

Kannada

ಪಲ್ಲಾಡಿಯಮ್

Malayalam

പലേഡിയം

Thai

แพลเลเดียม

Japanese

パラジウム

Simplified Chinese

自然钯

Simplified Chinese

Korean

팔라듐

Alternative Name

German

Gediegen Palladium

Native Palladium

Automatic Links to external internet sources (Responsibility is with the operator)

German pages

DeWikiPedia - search for: Palladium
Google-Bilder-Suche - search for: Palladium
Mineralogisch-Petrographisches-Institut Hamburg - search for: Palladium

English pages

Mindat - search for: Palladium
Webmineral - search for:Palladium
Handbook-of-Mineralogy - search for: Palladium
RRUFF - Raman, XRD and other mineral data - search for: Palladium
RRUFF - References and PDF downloads - search for: Palladium
American-Mineralogist-Crystal-Structure-Database - search for: Palladium
Athena - search for: Palladium

Russian pages

Webmineral.ru - search for: Палладий

Mineral Dealer

German pages

hausen - Mineralgroßhandel - search for: Palladium
Crystal-Treasure.com - search for: Palladium
Bosse - search for: Palladium

Locations with GPS information