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Palladium

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Palladium
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Palladium

Schmelzperle und Barren

Collection: scheidewasser
Copyright: scheidewasser
Contribution: Hg 2007-08-31
Palladium
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Palladium (SNr: A012613)

Fo.: New Cornelia Mine, Ajo, Pima Co., Arizona, USA, spitzkegelige, silberschwarze XX, BB 1,0mm

Collection: Lithothek der Münchener Micromounter
Copyright: Hannes Osterhammer
Contribution: Münchener Micromounter 2008-11-01
Locality: New Cornelia Mine (Ajo Mine) / Ajo / Ajo District / Little Ajo Mts / Pima Co. / Arizona / USA

Collectors Summary

Color weiß, stahlgrau
Lustre Metallglanz
Hardness (Mohs) 4.5 - 5
Solubility +++ HNO3
Crystal System kubisch, Fm3m

Chemism

Chem­ical formula

Pd

Chem­ical com­po­si­tion

Palladium

Unit weight: 106.421 u; Number of atoms in the formula: 1

Info

Empirical formula:

Pd

Element

Symbol

Weight%

Atoms

Atoms%

Atom weight (u)

Sum weight (u)

Palladium

Pd

100.00

1

100.00

106.4210000

106.4210000

Anal­y­sis wt%

? Pd : 99.00, PLT : 99.00

Strunz 9th edi­tion incl. updates

1.AF.10

1: Elemente (Metalle, intermetallische Legierungen, Metalloide u. Nichtmetalle, Carbide, Silicide, Nitride u. Phosphide)
A: Metalle und intermetallische Legierungen
F: Platin-Gruppen-Elemente (PGE)
10:Rhodium-Gruppe

Lapis Clas­sifica­tion

I/A.14-020

I: ELEMENTE
A: Metalle und intermetallische Verbindungen
14: Platinmetalle und Platin-Eisen-Verbindungen, Verbindungen mit Zinn/Blei und Verwandte

Clas­sifica­tion by Hölzel

1.AG.210

1: ELEMENTS
A: Metals, Intermetallic Compounds, and Alloys
G: PGE-Group

Hey's Chem­ical Index of Min­er­als

01.66

01: Elements and Alloys (including the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au)

Dana 8th edi­tion

01.02.01.04

01: Native Elements and Alloys
02: Native Elements with platinum group metals and alloys
01: Platinum group (Space Group Fm3m)

IMA sta­tus

Erstbeschreibung vor CNMNC-Gründung (1959), als Mineral meist anerkannt

Min­eral sta­tus

anerkanntes Mineral

Optical Properties

Color

weiß, stahlgrau

Change in color

weiß mit Creme Farbton in reflektiertem Licht

Diaphane­ity (Trans­parency)

opak

Lus­tre

Metallglanz

Reflec­tiv­ity: (Lambda nm) ↓, ↑, Ø

(400) 60.60, , 60.60
(420) 62.00, , 62.00
(440) 63.40, , 63.40
(460) 64.60, , 64.60
(480) 65.60, , 65.60
(500) 66.40, , 66.40
(520) 67.20, , 67.20
(540) 67.80, , 67.80
(560) 68.30, , 68.30
(580) 68.90, , 68.90
(600) 69.50, , 69.50
(620) 70.20, , 70.20
(640) 70.90, , 70.90
(660) 71.70, , 71.70
(680) 72.50, , 72.50
(700) 73.40, , 73.40

Reflection chart Palladium

Reflec­tiv­ity Ø

67.69

Optical Data Luminescence

Lumi­nes­cence

keine Fluoreszenz bekannt

Crystallography

Crystal Sys­tem

kubisch

Class (H-M)

m3m

Space Group number

225

Space Group

Fm3m

Cell param­e­ters a (Å)

3.890

Cell param­e­ters b (Å)

-

Cell param­e­ters c (Å)

-

Cell param­e­ters a/b or c/a

1

Cell param­e­ters c/b

-

Cell param­e­ters α

90°

Cell param­e­ters β

90°

Cell param­e­ters γ

90°

Z

4

Volumne (ų)

58.864

X-Ray Pow­der Diffrac­tion

2.246(100),
1.945(40),
1.376(20),
1.173(20),
1.123(10),
0.892(10),
0.870(10)

XRD chart Palladium

Calculated from d-spacing and intensity at 0.1541838 nm (Cu)

Crystals 3D

Open larger view

Crystal Structure 3D

Open larger view

Physical Properties

Hard­ness (Mohs)

4.5 - 5

VHN (Hard­ness Vick­ers)

340 (ungefähre Angabe abgeleitet aus der Mohshärte)

Density (g/cm³)

12.036 (berechnet) 11.3 - 11.9 (gemessen)

12.008 ( ρ calc. Mineralienatlas )

Insta­bil­ity

+++ HNO3

Chem­ical Prop­er­ties and Tests

schmilzt bei 1555°C

Preface

Author (Name, Year)

Wollaston, 1803

References

Canadian Mineralogist 19 (1981), 599.

Handbook of Mineralogy (Anthony et al.), 1 (1990), 376.

Fleet, M.E., De Almeida, C.M., and Angeli, N. (2002) Botryoidal platinum, palladium and potarite from the Bom Sucesso stream, Minas Gerais, Brazil: compositional zoning and origin. - Canadian Mineralogist 40 (2002), 341.

Canadian Mineralogist 42 (2004), 683.

Canadian Mineralogist 44 (2006), 385.
Lehrbuch der Mineralogie/Rösler (1991)

Detailed description

Palladium als Element - Technische Daten

Ordnungszahl:

46

Dichte (g/cm3):

12,023

Härte:

4,5

relat. Atommasse (amu):

106,42

Atomradius (berechnet) in pm:

140 (169)

Oxidationszahlen:

±1

Elektronegativität (Pauling):

2,2

Elektronenkonfiguration:

[Kr]4d10

Schmelzpunkt:

1554,90°C (1828,05K)

Siedepunkt:

2963°C (3236 K)

natürl. Häufigkeit:

0,001 ppm

Related minerals "Strunz Classification" (9. Edition) [Mineral | Chemical formula | Crystal system : Class (H-M) : Space Group | Indenture number]

Platinum

Pt

kubisch : m3m : Fm3m

1.AF.10

Iridium

Ir

kubisch : m3m : Fm3m

1.AF.10

Rhodium

Rh

kubisch : m3m : Fm3m

1.AF.10

Palladium

Pd

kubisch : m3m : Fm3m

1.AF.10

'Osmiridium'

1.AF.10

Related minerals "Lapis Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula | Crystal system : Class (H-M) : Space Group | Indenture number]

Rhodium

Rh

kubisch : m3m : Fm3m

I/A.14-010

Palladium

Pd

kubisch : m3m : Fm3m

I/A.14-020

Iridium

Ir

kubisch : m3m : Fm3m

I/A.14-030

Platinum

Pt

kubisch : m3m : Fm3m

I/A.14-070

Yixunite

Pt3In

kubisch : m3m : Pm3m

I/A.14-080

Damiaoite

PtIn2

kubisch : m3m : Fm3m

I/A.14-085

Hongshiite

PtCu

I/A.14-090

Skaergaardite

PdCu

kubisch : m3m : Pm3m

I/A.14-100

Related minerals "Hoelzel Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula : Crystal system : Class (H-M) | Space Group | Indenture number]

Rhodium

Rh

kubisch : m3m : Fm3m

1.AG.200

Palladium

Pd

kubisch : m3m : Fm3m

1.AG.210

Iridium

Ir

kubisch : m3m : Fm3m

1.AG.220

Platinum

Pt

kubisch : m3m : Fm3m

1.AG.230

'Osmiridium'

1.AG.240

Damiaoite

PtIn2

kubisch : m3m : Fm3m

1.AG.260

Yixunite

Pt3In

kubisch : m3m : Pm3m

1.AG.270

Related minerals "Dana 8. Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula : Crystal system : Class (H-M) | Space Group | Indenture number]

Platinum

Pt

kubisch : m3m : Fm3m

01.02.01.01

Iridium

Ir

kubisch : m3m : Fm3m

01.02.01.02

Rhodium

Rh

kubisch : m3m : Fm3m

01.02.01.03

Palladium

Pd

kubisch : m3m : Fm3m

01.02.01.04

Osmium

Os

hexagonal : 6/mmm : P63/mmc

01.02.02.01

Ruthenium

Ru

hexagonal : 6/mmm : P63/mmc

01.02.02.02

Rutheniridosmine

(Ir,Os,Ru)

hexagonal : 6/mmm : P63/mmc

01.02.02.03

'Rhenium'

Re

hexagonal : 6/mmm : P63/mmc

01.02.02.04

Hexaferrum

(Fe,Os,Ru,Ir)

hexagonal : 6/mmm : P63/mmc

01.02.02.04

Hongshiite

PtCu

01.02.03.01

Tetraferroplatinum

PtFe

tetragonal : 4/mmm : P4/mmm

01.02.04.01

Tulameenite

Pt(Cu,Fe)

tetragonal : 4/mmm : P4/mmm

01.02.04.02

Ferronickelplatinum

Pt2FeNi

tetragonal : 4/mmm : P4/mmm

01.02.04.03

Potarite

PdHg

tetragonal : 4/mmm : P4/mmm

01.02.04.04

Rustenburgite

Pt3Sn

kubisch : m3m : Fm3m

01.02.05.02

Atokite

(Pd,Pt)3Sn

kubisch : m3m : Fm3m

01.02.05.03

Zvyagintsevite

Pd3Pb

kubisch : m3m : Pm3m

01.02.05.04

Chengdeite

Ir3Fe

kubisch : m3m : Pm3m

01.02.05.05

Yixunite

Pt3In

kubisch : m3m : Pm3m

01.02.05.06

Paolovite

Pd2Sn

orthorhombisch : mmm : Pbnm

01.02.06.01

Isoferroplatinum

Pt3Fe

kubisch : m3m : Pm3m

01.02.06.01

Taimyrite-I

(Pd,Cu,Pt)3Sn

01.02.07.01

Tatyanaite

(Pt,Pd,Cu)9Cu3Sn4

orthorhombisch : mm2, 222, mmm : Pmm2, P222, Pmmm

01.02.07.02

Cabriite

Pd2SnCu

orthorhombisch : mmm : Pmmm

01.02.08.01

Stannopalladinite

Pd3Sn2

hexagonal : 6/mmm : P63/mmc

01.02.09.01

Related minerals "Hey's Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula | Crystal system : Class (H-M) : Space Group | Indenture number]

Alternative Name

German

Gediegen Palladium

Native Palladium

Automatic Links to external internet sources (Responsibility is with the operator)

German pages

DeWikiPedia - search for: Palladium
Google-Bilder-Suche - search for: Palladium
Mineralogisch-Petrographisches-Institut Hamburg - search for: Palladium

English pages

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RRUFF - Raman, XRD and other mineral data - search for: Palladium
RRUFF - References and PDF downloads - search for: Palladium
American-Mineralogist-Crystal-Structure-Database - search for: Palladium
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Russian pages

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German pages

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