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Parabutlerite

Pictures (8 Images total)

Parabutlerit
Views (Image: 1336559621): 857
Parabutlerit

Größe: 0,78 mm, Fundort: Alcaparrosa Mine, Cerritos Bayos, Calama, Provinz Antofagasta, Chile

Collection: Domenico Preite
Copyright: Matteo Chinellato
Contribution: Hg 2012-05-09
Locality: Alcaparrosa Mine / Cerritos Bayos / Calama / Antofagasta, Provinz / Antofagasta, Region (II. Region) / Chile
Parabutlerit
Views (Image: 1336559669): 881
Parabutlerit

Größe: 1,05 mm, Fundort: Alcaparrosa Mine, Cerritos Bayos, Calama, Provinz Antofagasta, Chile

Collection: Domenico Preite
Copyright: Matteo Chinellato
Contribution: Hg 2012-05-09
Locality: Alcaparrosa Mine / Cerritos Bayos / Calama / Antofagasta, Provinz / Antofagasta, Region (II. Region) / Chile
Parabutlerit
Views (Image: 1219952119): 2124
Parabutlerit

Fundort: Kavir-e-Sagand, Yazd, Iran; Bildbreite: 10 mm

Copyright: Leonardus
Contribution: slugslayer 2008-08-28
Locality: Kavir-e-Sagand / Saghand / Yazd, Provinz / Iran
Parabutlerit
Views (Image: 1225472710): 1163
Parabutlerit (SNr: A012609)

Fo.: Copiapo-Bergbaugebiet, III. Region, Chile; feinkristalline, gelblichbraune XX, BB 6,6mm

Collection: Lithothek der Münchener Micromounter
Copyright: Hannes Osterhammer
Contribution: Münchener Micromounter 2008-10-31
Locality: Copiapó, Provinz / Atacama, Region (III. Region) / Chile
Parabutlerit
Views (Image: 1271589890): 701
Parabutlerit

Bildbreite: 0,5 mm, Fundort: Alcaparrosa Mine, Cerritos Bayos, Calama, Provinz Antofagasta, Chile.

Copyright: Luigi Mattei
Contribution: thdun5 2010-04-18
Locality: Alcaparrosa Mine / Cerritos Bayos / Calama / Antofagasta, Provinz / Antofagasta, Region (II. Region) / Chile
Parabutlerit
Views (Image: 1271589947): 448
Parabutlerit

Bildbreite: 2 mm, Fundort: Alcaparrosa Mine, Cerritos Bayos, Calama, Provinz Antofagasta, Chile.

Copyright: Luigi Chiappino
Contribution: thdun5 2010-04-18
Locality: Alcaparrosa Mine / Cerritos Bayos / Calama / Antofagasta, Provinz / Antofagasta, Region (II. Region) / Chile

Collectors Summary

Color hellbraun orange, hellorange, orange braun
Streak color hellgelb
Hardness (Mohs) 2.5
Solubility +++ Säuren, - kaltes oder heißes H2O
Crystal System orthorhombisch, Pmnb

Chemism

Chem­ical formula

Fe3+(SO4)(OH)·2H2O

Chem­ical com­po­si­tion

Eisen, Sauerstoff, Schwefel, Wasserstoff

Unit weight: 204.946445 u; Number of atoms in the formula: 14

Info

Empirical formula:

Fe(SO4)(OH)·2H2O

Element

Symbol

Weight%

Atoms

Atoms%

Atom weight (u)

Sum weight (u)

Hydrogen

H

2.46

5

35.71

1.0079470

5.0397350

Oxygen

O

54.65

7

50.00

15.9994300

111.9960100

Sulfur

S

15.65

1

7.14

32.0655000

32.0655000

Iron

Fe

27.25

1

7.14

55.8452000

55.8452000

Anal­y­sis wt%

Fe2O3 : 39.21, SO3 : 39.15, H2O : 22.00 (Ref: American Mineralogist 38)

Strunz 9th edi­tion incl. updates

7.DC.10

7: Sulfate (Selenate, Tellurate, Chromate, Molybdate, Wolframate)
D: Sulfate (Selenate, etc.) mit weitere Anionen, mit H2O
C: mit mittelgroßen Kationen; Ketten von kantenverknüpften Oktaedern
10:Butlerit-Gruppe

Lapis Clas­sifica­tion

VI/D.01-030

VI: SULFATE, CHROMATE, MOLYBDATE UND WOLFRAMATE
D: Wasserhaltige Sulfate, mit fremden Anionen
1: Mittelgroße Kationen

Clas­sifica­tion by Hölzel

7.DE.210

7: SULFATES CHROMATES MOLYBDATES WOLFRAMATES
D: Sulfates (+Anions +Water)
E: Aluminite-Group

Dana 8th edi­tion

31.09.02.01

31: Hydrated Sulfates Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
09: Hydrated Sulfates Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen where (A+ B++) (XO4) Zq·x(H2O)

IMA sta­tus

Erstbeschreibung vor CNMNC-Gründung (1959), als Mineral meist anerkannt

Min­eral sta­tus

anerkanntes Mineral

Optical Properties

Color

hellbraun orange, hellorange, orange braun

Streak color

hellgelb

Diaphane­ity (Trans­parency)

transparent

max. Birefrin­gence

0.139

Birefringence chart\! Parabutlerite title=Birefringence chart Parabutlerite

Michel-Levy Color Chart viewed according to the maximum birefringence (at 30μm). Mineral color is not taken into account. Click on the image to enlarge or change thickness.

RI value α / ω / n

1.598

RI value β

1.663

RI value γ / ε

1.737

Ri mean

1.666

2V angle

Biaxial (+) 87°

Crystallography

Crystal Sys­tem

orthorhombisch

Class (H-M)

mmm

Space Group number

62

Space Group

Pmnb

Cell param­e­ters a (Å)

7.38

Cell param­e­ters b (Å)

20.13

Cell param­e­ters c (Å)

7.22

Cell param­e­ters a/b or c/a

0.367

Cell param­e­ters c/b

0.359

Cell param­e­ters α

90°

Cell param­e­ters β

90°

Cell param­e­ters γ

90°

Z

8

Volumne (ų)

1072.599

X-Ray Pow­der Diffrac­tion

5.854(80),
4.99(100),
4.07(30),
3.60(70),
3.11(100),
2.91(30),
2.499(70),
1.839(40)

XRD chart Parabutlerite

Calculated from d-spacing and intensity at 0.1541838 nm (Cu)

Crystals 3D

Open larger view

Crystal Structure 3D

Open larger view

Physical Properties

Hard­ness (Mohs)

2.5

VHN (Hard­ness Vick­ers)

53 (ungefähre Angabe abgeleitet aus der Mohshärte)

Density (g/cm³)

2.55

2.538 ( ρ calc. Mineralienatlas )

Insta­bil­ity

+++ Säuren, - kaltes oder heißes H2O

Preface

Author (Name, Year)

Bandy, 1938

References

Handbook of Mineralogy (Anthony et al.), 5 (2003), 526

Related minerals "Strunz Classification" (9. Edition) [Mineral | Chemical formula | Crystal system : Class (H-M) : Space Group | Indenture number]

Butlerite

Fe3+(SO4)(OH)·2H2O

monoklin : 2/m : P21/m

7.DC.10

Parabutlerite

Fe3+(SO4)(OH)·2H2O

orthorhombisch : mmm : Pmnb

7.DC.10

Related minerals "Lapis Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula | Crystal system : Class (H-M) : Space Group | Indenture number]

Butlerite

Fe3+(SO4)(OH)·2H2O

monoklin : 2/m : P21/m

VI/D.01-020

Parabutlerite

Fe3+(SO4)(OH)·2H2O

orthorhombisch : mmm : Pmnb

VI/D.01-030

Volaschioite

Fe4(SO4)O2(OH)6·2H2O

monoklin : 2/m : C2/m

VI/D.01-032

Metahohmannite

Fe23+(SO4)2(OH)2·3H2O

triklin : 1 : P1

VI/D.01-035

Amarantite

Fe3+2O(SO4)2(H2O)4·3H2O

triklin : 1 : P1

VI/D.01-040

Hohmannite

Fe23+(SO4)2(OH)2·7H2O

triklin : 1 : P1

VI/D.01-050

Fibroferrite

Fe3+(SO4)(OH)·5H2O

trigonal : 3 : R3

VI/D.01-060

Xitieshanite

Fe3+(SO4)Cl·6H2O

monoklin : 2/m : P21/a

VI/D.01-070

Related minerals "Hoelzel Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula : Crystal system : Class (H-M) | Space Group | Indenture number]

Butlerite

Fe3+(SO4)(OH)·2H2O

monoklin : 2/m : P21/m

7.DE.200

Parabutlerite

Fe3+(SO4)(OH)·2H2O

orthorhombisch : mmm : Pmnb

7.DE.210

Related minerals "Dana 8. Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula : Crystal system : Class (H-M) | Space Group | Indenture number]

Butlerite

Fe3+(SO4)(OH)·2H2O

monoklin : 2/m : P21/m

31.09.01.01

Parabutlerite

Fe3+(SO4)(OH)·2H2O

orthorhombisch : mmm : Pmnb

31.09.02.01

Amarantite

Fe3+2O(SO4)2(H2O)4·3H2O

triklin : 1 : P1

31.09.03.01

Hohmannite

Fe23+(SO4)2(OH)2·7H2O

triklin : 1 : P1

31.09.04.01

Metahohmannite

Fe23+(SO4)2(OH)2·3H2O

triklin : 1 : P1

31.09.05.01

Botryogen

MgFe3+(SO4)2(OH)·7H2O

monoklin : 2/m : P21/n

31.09.06.01

Zincobotryogen

ZnFe3+(SO4)2(OH)·7H2O

monoklin : 2/m : P21/n

31.09.06.02

Xitieshanite

Fe3+(SO4)Cl·6H2O

monoklin : 2/m : P21/a

31.09.06.03

Guildite

CuFe3+(SO4)2(OH)·4H2O

monoklin : 2/m : P21/m

31.09.07.01

Chaidamuite

(Zn,Fe2+)Fe3+OH(SO4)2·4H2O

triklin : 1 : P1

31.09.07.02

Aubertite

CuAl(SO4)2Cl·14H2O

triklin : 1 : P1

31.09.08.01

Svyazhinite

(Mg,Mn)(Al,Fe3+)(SO4)2F·14 H2O

triklin : 1, 1 : P1, P1

31.09.08.02

Magnesioaubertite

(Mg,Cu)Al(SO4)2Cl·14 H2O

triklin : P1 : 1

31.09.08.03

Wilcoxite

MgAl(SO4)2F·18H2O

triklin : 1, 1 : P1, P1

31.09.09.01

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Парабутлерит

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