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Piypite

Pictures (5 Images total)

Piypit
Views (Image: 1183719017): 1433
Piypit

grüne Piypit-Nadeln; Bildbreite: 3 mm; Fundort: Tolbachik Vulkan, Kamchatka Oblast', Russland

Collection: Stephan Wolfsried
Copyright: Stephan Wolfsried
Contribution: Hg 2007-07-06
Locality: Tolbachik-Vulkan / Kamtschatka Oblast / Ferner Osten, Föderationskreis / Russland
Piypit xx
Views (Image: 1215416139): 1276
Piypit xx

Fundort: Große Spalteneruption, Tolbachik Vulkan, Kamchatka Oblast', Russland; Bildbreite: 5 mm

Copyright: Pavel M. Kartashov
Contribution: slugslayer 2008-07-07
Locality: Große Spalteneruption (Great Fissure) / Tolbachik-Vulkan / Kamtschatka Oblast / Ferner Osten, Föderationskreis / Russland
Piypit
Views (Image: 1369042113): 1201
Piypit

Tolbatschik Volcano, Kamchatka, Russian Federation. Stufenbreite ca. 1,1cm

Copyright: skibbo
Contribution: skibbo 2013-05-20
Locality: Tolbachik-Vulkan / Kamtschatka Oblast / Ferner Osten, Föderationskreis / Russland
Piypit-xx
Views (Image: 1329670367): 748
Piypit-xx

Piypit-xx bis 1 mm Länge. Fundort: Yadovitaya Fumarole, 2. Aschenkegel, Vulkan Tolbachik, Kamchatka, Russland (TL).

Collection: Yi Sun
Copyright: Yi Sun
Contribution: sun-mineral 2012-02-19
Locality: Tolbachik-Vulkan / Kamtschatka Oblast / Ferner Osten, Föderationskreis / Russland
Piypit, Lyonsit
Views (Image: 1596570038): 109
Piypit, Lyonsit

Yadovitaya Fumarole, zweiter Schlackekegel, Vulkan Tolbatchik, Kamtschatka, Russland; Bildbreite 3 mm.

Collection: Guy Heinen
Copyright: Guy Heinen
Contribution: guyhein 2020-08-04
Locality: Yadovitaya-Fumarole / zweiter Schlackenkegel / nördlicher Bruch / Große Spalteneruption (Great Fissure) / Tolbachik-Vulkan / Kamtschatka Oblast / Ferner Osten, Föderationskreis / Russland

Collectors Summary

Color dunkelgrün, smaragdgrün, schwarz, schwarz grün
Streak color gelbgrün
Lustre Glasglanz, Fettglanz
Hardness (Mohs) 2.5
Cleavages perfekt, parallel zur Streckung
Solubility +++ Säuren, H2O, nicht stabil an der Luft
Crystal System tetragonal, I4

Chemism

Chem­ical formula

K4Cu4O2(SO4)4·(Na,Cu)Cl

Chem­ical com­po­si­tion

Chlor, Kupfer, Natrium, Kalium, Sauerstoff, Schwefel

Unit weight: 895.41228265 u; Number of atoms in the formula: 32

Info

Empirical formula:

K4Cu4O2(SO4)4·(Na0.75Cu0.25)Cl

Element

Symbol

Weight%

Atoms

Atoms%

Atom weight (u)

Sum weight (u)

Oxygen

O

32.16

18

56.25

15.9994300

287.9897400

Sodium

Na

1.93

0.75

2.34

22.9897702

17.2423277

Sulfur

S

14.32

4

12.50

32.0655000

128.2620000

Chlorine

Cl

3.96

1

3.13

35.4532000

35.4532000

Potassium

K

17.47

4

12.50

39.0983100

156.3932400

Copper

Cu

30.16

4.25

13.28

63.5463000

270.0717750

Strunz 9th edi­tion incl. updates

7.BC.40

7: Sulfate (Selenate, Tellurate, Chromate, Molybdate, Wolframate)
B: Sulfate (Selenate, etc.) mit weitere Anionen, ohne H2O
C: Mit mittelgroßen und großen [Kationen]
40:Piypit-Gruppe

Lapis Clas­sifica­tion

VI/B.05-040

VI: SULFATE, CHROMATE, MOLYBDATE UND WOLFRAMATE
B: Wasserfreie Sulfate, mit fremden Anionen
5: Mittelgroße Kationen vorwiegend

Clas­sifica­tion by Hölzel

7.BA.200

7: SULFATES CHROMATES MOLYBDATES WOLFRAMATES
B: Sulfates (+Anions -Water)
A: Sulfates, C medium, medium + large
2: With Na,K + Cu

Dana 8th edi­tion

30.02.07.01

30: Anhydrous Sulfates Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
02: Anhydrous Sulfates Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen where (A B)2 XO4 Zq

IMA sta­tus

Anerkannt von der CNMNC

Min­eral sta­tus

anerkanntes Mineral

Optical Properties

Color

dunkelgrün, smaragdgrün, schwarz, schwarz grün

Streak color

gelbgrün

Diaphane­ity (Trans­parency)

transparent, durchscheinend

Lus­tre

Glasglanz, Fettglanz

max. Birefrin­gence

0.112

Birefringence chart\! Piypite title=Birefringence chart Piypite

Michel-Levy Color Chart viewed according to the maximum birefringence (at 30μm). Mineral color is not taken into account. Click on the image to enlarge or change thickness.

RI value α / ω / n

1.583

RI value γ / ε

1.695

Ri mean

1.620

2V angle

Uniaxial (+)

Ori­enta­tion

positive Elongation

Pleochro­ism

ausgeprägt; O = blass grün, gelbgrün; E = tief grün, blass gelbgrün

Crystallography

Crystal Sys­tem

tetragonal

Class (H-M)

4

Space Group number

79

Space Group

I4

Cell param­e­ters a (Å)

13.67

Cell param­e­ters b (Å)

-

Cell param­e­ters c (Å)

4.94

Cell param­e­ters a/b or c/a

0.361

Cell param­e­ters c/b

-

Cell param­e­ters α

90°

Cell param­e­ters β

90°

Cell param­e­ters γ

90°

Z

2

Volumne (ų)

923.132

X-Ray Pow­der Diffrac­tion

9.63(100),
6.79(40),
4.305(20),
3.209(10),
3.039(70),
3.006(30),
2.666(20),
2.385(20)

XRD chart Piypite

Calculated from d-spacing and intensity at 0.1541838 nm (Cu)

Crystals 3D

Open larger view

Crystal Structure 3D

Open larger view

Physical Properties

Hard­ness (Mohs)

2.5

VHN (Hard­ness Vick­ers)

53 (ungefähre Angabe abgeleitet aus der Mohshärte)

Density (g/cm³)

3.1 (gemessen) 2.0 - 3.22 (berechnet)

3.221 ( ρ calc. Mineralienatlas )

Cleav­ages

perfekt, parallel zur Streckung

Tenac­ity

spröde

Insta­bil­ity

+++ Säuren, H2O, nicht stabil an der Luft

Preface

Occurrences

an vulkanischen Fumarolen bei über 180 ° C, selten auch in Schlacken

Author (Name, Year)

Vergasova & Filatov & Serafimova & Starova, 1984

Col­lector informa­tion

bis auf Rückstande in Wasser löslich

References

Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva 118(3), (1989), 88

Related minerals "Strunz Classification" (9. Edition) [Mineral | Chemical formula | Crystal system : Class (H-M) : Space Group | Indenture number]

Piypite

K4Cu4O2(SO4)4·(Na,Cu)Cl

tetragonal : 4 : I4

7.BC.40

Related minerals "Lapis Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula | Crystal system : Class (H-M) : Space Group | Indenture number]

Fedotovite

K2Cu2+3(O|(SO4)3)

monoklin : 2/m : C2/c

VI/B.05-010

Chlorothionite

K2Cu(SO4)Cl2

orthorhombisch : mmm : Pnma

VI/B.05-020

Kamchatkite

KCu32+OCl(SO4)2

orthorhombisch : mm2 : Pna21

VI/B.05-030

Piypite

K4Cu4O2(SO4)4·(Na,Cu)Cl

tetragonal : 4 : I4

VI/B.05-040

Alumoklyuchevskite

K3Cu3(Al,Fe3+)O2(SO4)4

monoklin : 2 : I2

VI/B.05-045

Klyuchevskite

K3Cu3(Fe3+,Al)O2(SO4)4

monoklin : 2 : I2

VI/B.05-050

Related minerals "Hoelzel Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula : Crystal system : Class (H-M) | Space Group | Indenture number]

Piypite

K4Cu4O2(SO4)4·(Na,Cu)Cl

tetragonal : 4 : I4

7.BA.200

Klyuchevskite

K3Cu3(Fe3+,Al)O2(SO4)4

monoklin : 2 : I2

7.BA.210

Alumoklyuchevskite

K3Cu3(Al,Fe3+)O2(SO4)4

monoklin : 2 : I2

7.BA.215

Adranosite-(Al)

(NH4)4NaAl2(SO4)4Cl(OH)2

tetragonal : 4/mmm : I41/acd

7.BA.217

Fedotovite

K2Cu2+3(O|(SO4)3)

monoklin : 2/m : C2/c

7.BA.220

Euchlorine

KNaCu32+(SO4)3O

monoklin : 2/m : C2/c

7.BA.230

Chlorothionite

K2Cu(SO4)Cl2

orthorhombisch : mmm : Pnma

7.BA.250

Kamchatkite

KCu32+OCl(SO4)2

orthorhombisch : mm2 : Pna21

7.BA.260

Atlasovite

KCu62+Fe3+Bi3+[O4|Cl|(SO4)5]

tetragonal : 4/mmm : P4/ncc

7.BA.280

Related minerals "Dana 8. Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula : Crystal system : Class (H-M) | Space Group | Indenture number]

Lanarkite

Pb2(SO4)O

monoklin : 2/m : C2/m

30.02.01.01

Dolerophanite

Cu2(SO4)O

monoklin : 2/m : C2/m

30.02.02.01

Linarite

PbCu(SO4)(OH)2

monoklin : 2/m : P21/m

30.02.03.01

Alunite

KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

30.02.04.01

Natroalunite-1c

Na2Al3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

30.02.04.02

Schlossmacherite

(H3O,Ca)Al3(AsO4,SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

30.02.04.03

Osarizawaite

Pb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

30.02.04.04

Natroalunite-2c

NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

30.02.04.05

Ammonioalunite

NH4Al3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m, 3m : R3m, R3m

30.02.04.06

Walthierite

Ba0.5Al3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

30.02.04.07

Huangite

Ca0.5Al3[(OH)6|(SO4)2]

trigonal : 3m : R3m

30.02.04.08

Jarosite

KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

30.02.05.01

Natrojarosite

NaFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

30.02.05.02

Hydronium jarosite

(H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

30.02.05.03

Ammoniojarosite

NH4Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

30.02.05.04

Argentojarosite

AgFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

30.02.05.05

Plumbojarosite

PbFe63+(SO4)4(OH)12

trigonal : 3m : R3m

30.02.05.06

Beaverite-(Cu)

Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6

trigonal : 3m : R3m

30.02.05.07

Dorallcharite

(Tl,K)Fe3+3[(OH)6|(SO4)2]

trigonal : 3m : R3m

30.02.05.08

Itoite

Pb3GeO2(SO4)2(OH)2

orthorhombisch : mmm : Pnma

30.02.06.01

Piypite

K4Cu4O2(SO4)4·(Na,Cu)Cl

tetragonal : 4 : I4

30.02.07.01

Kamchatkite

KCu32+OCl(SO4)2

orthorhombisch : mm2 : Pna21

30.02.08.01

Cannonite

Bi2O(SO4)(OH)2

monoklin : 2/m : P21/c

30.02.09.01

Other languages

German

Piypit

Spanish

Piypita

French

Piypite

English

Piypite

Russian

Пийпит

Japanese

パイパイト

Alternative Name

English

Caratiite

First described as caratiite, later renamed as piypite.

IMA Number

IMA 1982-097

Automatic Links to external internet sources (Responsibility is with the operator)

German pages

DeWikiPedia - search for: Piypit
Google-Bilder-Suche - search for: Piypit
Mineralogisch-Petrographisches-Institut Hamburg - search for: Piypit

English pages

Mindat - search for: Piypite
Webmineral - search for:Piypite
Handbook-of-Mineralogy - search for: Piypite
RRUFF - Raman, XRD and other mineral data - search for: Piypite
RRUFF - References and PDF downloads - search for: Piypite
American-Mineralogist-Crystal-Structure-Database - search for: Piypite
Athena - search for: Piypite

Russian pages

Webmineral.ru - search for: Пийпит

Mineral Dealer

German pages

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Crystal-Treasure.com - search for: Piypit
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Locations with GPS information