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Pyromorphite (Pyromorphit)

Pictures (1278 Images total)

Pyromorphit
Views (Image: 1441308630): 7661, Rating: 9.65
Pyromorphit

BB 12 mm. Grube Alter Mann / Langhecke / Taunus

Collection: Lithos
Copyright: Lithos
Contribution: Lithos 2015-09-03
Locality: Grube Alter Mann / Langhecke / Villmar / Limburg-Weilburg, Landkreis / Gießen, Bezirk / Hessen / Deutschland
Pyromorphit
Views (Image: 1443784275): 7590, Rating: 9.85
Pyromorphit

Bildbreite: 4 mm, Fundort: Annenberg, Monzelfeld, Hunsrück, Rheinland-Pfalz, Deutschland

Copyright: Matthias Reinhardt
Contribution: Hg 2015-10-02
Locality: Annenberg / Monzelfeld / Bernkastel-Wittlich, Landkreis / Rheinland-Pfalz / Deutschland
Pyromorphit
Views (Image: 1484240734): 3243, Rating: 9.6
Pyromorphit

Grube Wundertshecke/Friedrichsthal/Taunus. Bildbreite 5 mm

Copyright: Lithos
Contribution: Lithos 2017-01-12
Locality: Grube Wundertshecke / Friedrichsthal / Usingen / Hochtaunuskreis / Darmstadt, Bezirk / Hessen / Deutschland
Pyromorphit
Views (Image: 1454772032): 2149
Pyromorphit

Bildbreite 1,2 mm; Fundort: Rinderschächte

Collection: harzgeist
Copyright: harzgeist
Contribution: harzgeist 2016-02-06
Locality: Rinderschächte / Straßberg / Harzgerode, Gemeinde / Harz, Landkreis / Sachsen-Anhalt / Deutschland
Nadeliger gelber Pyromorphit
Views (Image: 1528623647): 921
Nadeliger gelber Pyromorphit (SNr: A004221)

Collection: Lithothek der Münchener Micromounter
Copyright: Hannes Osterhammer
Contribution: Münchener Micromounter 2018-06-10
Locality: Argent Mine / Argent / Nkangala, Distrikt / Mpumalanga, Provinz / Südafrika
Pyromorphit (Mimetesit-Pyromorphit)
Views (Image: 1551992648): 170
Pyromorphit (Mimetesit-Pyromorphit)

BB 3,3 mm; Sachsen-Anhalt / Harz, Landkreis / Harzgerode, Gemeinde / Straßberg / Rinderschächte

Copyright: Th. Lühr
Contribution: harzgeist 2019-03-07
Locality: Rinderschächte / Straßberg / Harzgerode, Gemeinde / Harz, Landkreis / Sachsen-Anhalt / Deutschland

Collectors Summary

Color grün, braun, gelb, orange, rot, grau, farblos, durchscheinend
Streak color weiß
Lustre Diamantglanz - Fettglanz
Hardness (Mohs) 3.5 - 4
Solubility +++ HF, HNO3, ++ andere Säuren
Crystal System hexagonal, P63/m
Morphology Kristalle prismatisch, oft tönnchenförmig

Additional information / Summary

Auführliche Informationen zur Geschichte, zu Fundstellen, zur Verwendung etc. sind im

zu finden.


Bildet sowohl mit Mimetesit als auch mit Vanadinit eine lückenlose Mischreihe, siehe im detaillierten Mineralienportrait und unter > Mimetesit-Pyromorphit-Mischkristallreihe.

Verwechslungsmöglichkeiten mit >Mimetesit, von welchem Pyromorphit visuell nicht zu unterscheiden ist, und mit Vanadinit.
Bei Zweifel an der Zuordnung kann die jeweilige Mischreihe zur Einordnung in den Mineralienatlas verwendet werden (bezieht sich nur auf das Feld "Mineral zuordnen").

Chemism

Chem­ical formula

Pb5(PO4)3Cl

Chem­ical com­po­si­tion

Blei, Chlor, Phosphor, Sauerstoff

Unit weight: 1356.4176436 u; Number of atoms in the formula: 21

Info

Empirical formula:

Pb5(PO4)3Cl

Element

Symbol

Weight%

Atoms

Atoms%

Atom weight (u)

Sum weight (u)

Oxygen

O

14.15

12

57.14

15.9994300

191.9931600

Phosphorus

P

6.85

3

14.29

30.9737612

92.9212836

Chlorine

Cl

2.61

1

4.76

35.4532000

35.4532000

Lead

Pb

76.38

5

23.81

207.2100000

1,036.0500000

Anal­y­sis wt%

PbO : 81.19, P2O5 : 16.32, Cl : 2.53 (Ref: Dana, 7th ed. 2)

Strunz 9th edi­tion incl. updates

8.BN.05

8: Phosphate, Arsenate, Vanadate
B: Phosphate, etc., mit weitere Anionen, ohne H2O
N: Mit ausschließlich [Kationen] (OH, etc.):RO4 = 0.33:1
05:Apatit-Gruppe

Lapis Clas­sifica­tion

VII/B.39-150

VII: PHOSPHATE, ARSENATE UND VANADATE ("Phosphate" des Registers immer einschließlich isotyper Arsenate und Vanadate!)
B: Wasserfreie Phosphate, mit fremden Anionen F,Cl,O,OH
39: Mittelgroße und große Kationen: Mg-Cu-Zn und Ca-Na-K-Ba-Pb; Apatit-Gruppe

Clas­sifica­tion by Hölzel

8.BO.200

8: PHOSPHATES ARSENATES VANADATES
B: Phosphates (+Anions -Water)
O: Apatite Supergroup
2: Apatites with Pb

Dana 8th edi­tion

41.08.04.01

41: Anhydrous Phosphates, etc. Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
08: Anhydrous Phosphates, etc. Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen where (A)5 (XO4)3 Zq
04: Pyromorphite Group

IMA sta­tus

Erstbeschreibung vor CNMNC-Gründung (1959), als Mineral meist anerkannt

Min­eral sta­tus

anerkanntes Mineral

IMA Classification

IMA Clas­sifica­tion

Apatite Supergroup  ⇒ Apatite group

Optical Properties

Color

grün, braun, gelb, orange, rot, grau, farblos, durchscheinend

Streak color

weiß

Diaphane­ity (Trans­parency)

teilweise transparent bis teilweise durchscheinend

Lus­tre

Diamantglanz - Fettglanz

max. Birefrin­gence

0.010

Birefringence chart\! Pyromorphite title=Birefringence chart Pyromorphite

Michel-Levy Color Chart viewed according to the maximum birefringence (at 30μm). Mineral color is not taken into account. Click on the image to enlarge or change thickness.

RI value α / ω / n

2.058

RI value γ / ε

2.048

Ri mean

2.055

2V angle

Uniaxial (-)

Optical Data Luminescence

Color LW-UV (365nm)

 

gelblich

MW-UV (320nm)

 

orangegelb

Color SW-UV (254nm)

 

orange

LW-UV Other Col­ors

     

gelblich weiß, dunkelorange gelbbraun, gelbbraun

MW-UV Other Col­ors

               

gelblich weiß, blassgelb, gelb, orangegelb, orange, dunkelorange gelbbraun, gelbbraun, gelblich

SW-UV Other Col­ors

           

gelblich weiß, blassgelb, orangegelb, dunkelorange gelbbraun, gelbbraun, gelblich

Most Common Acti­vator

Eu3+

Other Acti­vators

Ce3+, Sm3+, Tb3+, V2+, O2-

After­glow (Per­sistant Lumi­nes­cence)

keine Daten

Crystallography

Crystal Sys­tem

hexagonal

Class (H-M)

6/m

Space Group number

176

Space Group

P63/m

Cell param­e­ters a (Å)

9.976

Cell param­e­ters b (Å)

-

Cell param­e­ters c (Å)

7.351

Cell param­e­ters a/b or c/a

0.737

Cell param­e­ters c/b

-

Cell param­e­ters α

90°

Cell param­e­ters β

90°

Cell param­e­ters γ

120°

Z

2

Volumne (ų)

633.563

X-Ray Pow­der Diffrac­tion

4.132(40),
3.377(30),
3.271(40),
2.985(100),
2.959(100),
2.885(60),
2.063(30),
1.861(30)

XRD chart Pyromorphite

Calculated from d-spacing and intensity at 0.1541838 nm (Cu)

Morphol­ogy

Kristalle prismatisch, oft tönnchenförmig

Crystals 3D

Open larger view

Crystal Structure 3D

Open larger view

Physical Properties

Hard­ness (Mohs)

3.5 - 4

VHN (Hard­ness Vick­ers)

160 (ungefähre Angabe abgeleitet aus der Mohshärte)

Density (g/cm³)

6.85

7.11 ( ρ calc. Mineralienatlas )

Insta­bil­ity

+++ HF, HNO3, ++ andere Säuren

Preface

Occurrences

Sekundärmineralbildung in der Oxidationszone des Eisernen Huts von Bleilagerstätten

Asso­cia­tions

Baryt

Name from

dem griechischen pyr - Feuer und morphé - Gestalt

Author (Name, Year)

Wallerius, 1748 / Hausmann, 1813

References

Handbook of Mineralogy (Anthony et al.), 4 (2000), 482

Chernorukov, N. G., A. V. Knyazev, and E. N. Bulanov. "Phase transitions and thermal expansion of apatite-structured compounds." Inorganic Materials 47.2 (2011): 172-177.

Förtsch, E., & Freiburg, I. B. (1970). Untersuchungen an Mineralien der Pyromorphit-Gruppe. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Abhandlungen, 113, 219-250.

IMA group assignments

Related minerals "Strunz Classification" (9. Edition) [Mineral | Chemical formula | Crystal system : Class (H-M) : Space Group | Indenture number]

'Apatite group'

(Ca,Ba,Pb,Sr,etc.)5(PO4,CO3)3(F,Cl,OH)

8.BN.05

Svabite

Ca5(AsO4)3F

hexagonal : 6/m : P63/m

8.BN.05

Alforsite

Ba5(PO4)3Cl

hexagonal : 6/m : P63/m

8.BN.05

'Johnbaumite-M' (Pol.v. Johnbaumite)

Ca5(AsO4)3OH

monoklin : 2/m : P21/m

8.BN.05

Hedyphane

Pb3Ca2(AsO4)3Cl

hexagonal : 6/m : P63/m

8.BN.05

Mimetite

Pb5(AsO4)3Cl

hexagonal : 6/m : P63/m

8.BN.05

Pieczkaite

Mn5(PO4)3Cl

hexagonal : 6/m : P63/m

8.BN.05

Pliniusite

Ca5(VO4)3F

hexagonal : 6/m : P63/m

8.BN.05

Vanadinite

Pb5(VO4)3Cl

hexagonal : 6/m : P63/m

8.BN.05

Johnbaumite

Ca5(AsO4)3(OH)

hexagonal : 6/m : P63/m

8.BN.05

Morelandite

Ca2Ba3(AsO4)3Cl

hexagonal : 6/m : P63/m

8.BN.05

Fluorcaphite

(Sr,Na)2(Ca,Ce)3[F|(PO4)3]

hexagonal : 6 : P63

8.BN.05

Stronadelphite

Sr5(PO4)3F

hexagonal : 6/m : P63/m

8.BN.05

Fluorphosphohedyphane

Ca2Pb3(PO4)3F

hexagonal : 6/m : P63/m

8.BN.05

Pyromorphite

Pb5(PO4)3Cl

hexagonal : 6/m : P63/m

8.BN.05

Turneaureite

Ca5[(As,P)O4]3Cl

hexagonal : 6/m : P63/m

8.BN.05

Fluorapatite

Ca5(PO4)3F

hexagonal : 6/m : P63/m

8.BN.05

Belovite-(Ce)

NaSr3(Ce,La)(PO4)3(F,OH)

trigonal : 3 : P3

8.BN.05

Belovite-(La)

NaSr3(La,Ce)(PO4)3(F,OH)

trigonal : 3 : P3

8.BN.05

Miyahisaite

(Sr,Ca)2Ba3(PO4)3F

hexagonal : 6/m : P63/m

8.BN.05

Vanackerite

Pb4Cd(AsO4)3Cl

trigonal : 3 : P3

8.BN.05

Parafiniukite

Ca2Mn3(PO4)3Cl

hexagonal : 6/m : P63/m

8.BN.05

Chlorapatite

Ca5(PO4)3Cl

hexagonal : 6/m : P63/m

8.BN.05

Hydroxylapatite

Ca5(PO4)3(OH)

hexagonal : 6/m : P63/m

8.BN.05

Fluorstrophite

(Sr,Ca)5(PO4)3(OH,F)

hexagonal : 6 : P63

8.BN.05

Deloneite

(Na0.5REE0.25Ca0.25)(Ca0.75REE0.25)Sr1.5(CaNa0.25REE0.25)(PO4)3F0.5(OH)0.5

trigonal : 3 : P3

8.BN.05

Mimetite-M

Pb5(AsO4)3Cl

monoklin : 2/m : P21/c

8.BN.05

'Hydroxylapatite-M' (Pol.v. Hydroxylapatite)

Ca5(PO4)3OH

monoklin : 2/m : P21/c

8.BN.05

Phosphohedyphane

Ca2Pb3(PO4)3Cl

hexagonal : 6/m : P63/m

8.BN.05

Kuannersuite-(Ce)

NaCeBa3(PO4)3F0.5Cl0.5

trigonal : 3 : P3

8.BN.05

Hydroxylhedyphane

Ca2Pb3(AsO4)3OH

8.BN.05

Hydroxylpyromorphite

Pb5(PO4)3(OH)

hexagonal : 6/m : P63/m

8.BN.05

'Carbonate-fluorapatite' (Var.v. Fluorapatite)

Ca5(PO4,CO3)3F

hexagonal : 6/m : P63/m

8.BN.05

'Carbonate-hydroxylapatite' (Var.v. Hydroxylapatite)

Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH)

hexagonal : 6/m : P63/m

8.BN.05

Related minerals "Lapis Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula | Crystal system : Class (H-M) : Space Group | Indenture number]

Fluorapatite

Ca5(PO4)3F

hexagonal : 6/m : P63/m

VII/B.39-010

Chlorapatite

Ca5(PO4)3Cl

hexagonal : 6/m : P63/m

VII/B.39-020

Hydroxylapatite

Ca5(PO4)3(OH)

hexagonal : 6/m : P63/m

VII/B.39-030

'Carbonate-hydroxylapatite' (Var.v. Hydroxylapatite)

Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH)

hexagonal : 6/m : P63/m

VII/B.39-040

'Carbonate-fluorapatite' (Var.v. Fluorapatite)

Ca5(PO4,CO3)3F

hexagonal : 6/m : P63/m

VII/B.39-050

Carlgieseckeite-(Nd)

NaNdCa3(PO4)3F

trigonal : 3 : P3

VII/B.39-058

Svabite

Ca5(AsO4)3F

hexagonal : 6/m : P63/m

VII/B.39-060

Turneaureite

Ca5[(As,P)O4]3Cl

hexagonal : 6/m : P63/m

VII/B.39-070

Johnbaumite

Ca5(AsO4)3(OH)

hexagonal : 6/m : P63/m

VII/B.39-080

Stronadelphite

Sr5(PO4)3F

hexagonal : 6/m : P63/m

VII/B.39-085

Fluorstrophite

(Sr,Ca)5(PO4)3(OH,F)

hexagonal : 6 : P63

VII/B.39-090

Fluorcaphite

(Sr,Na)2(Ca,Ce)3[F|(PO4)3]

hexagonal : 6 : P63

VII/B.39-095

Miyahisaite

(Sr,Ca)2Ba3(PO4)3F

hexagonal : 6/m : P63/m

VII/B.39-096

Deloneite

(Na0.5REE0.25Ca0.25)(Ca0.75REE0.25)Sr1.5(CaNa0.25REE0.25)(PO4)3F0.5(OH)0.5

trigonal : 3 : P3

VII/B.39-100

Belovite-(Ce)

NaSr3(Ce,La)(PO4)3(F,OH)

trigonal : 3 : P3

VII/B.39-110

Belovite-(La)

NaSr3(La,Ce)(PO4)3(F,OH)

trigonal : 3 : P3

VII/B.39-115

Kuannersuite-(Ce)

NaCeBa3(PO4)3F0.5Cl0.5

trigonal : 3 : P3

VII/B.39-117

Alforsite

Ba5(PO4)3Cl

hexagonal : 6/m : P63/m

VII/B.39-120

Morelandite

Ca2Ba3(AsO4)3Cl

hexagonal : 6/m : P63/m

VII/B.39-130

Phosphohedyphane

Ca2Pb3(PO4)3Cl

hexagonal : 6/m : P63/m

VII/B.39-135

Fluorphosphohedyphane

Ca2Pb3(PO4)3F

hexagonal : 6/m : P63/m

VII/B.39-137

Hedyphane

Pb3Ca2(AsO4)3Cl

hexagonal : 6/m : P63/m

VII/B.39-140

Pyromorphite

Pb5(PO4)3Cl

hexagonal : 6/m : P63/m

VII/B.39-150

Hydroxylpyromorphite

Pb5(PO4)3(OH)

hexagonal : 6/m : P63/m

VII/B.39-155

Mimetite

Pb5(AsO4)3Cl

hexagonal : 6/m : P63/m

VII/B.39-160

Mimetite-M

Pb5(AsO4)3Cl

monoklin : 2/m : P21/c

VII/B.39-165

Vanadinite

Pb5(VO4)3Cl

hexagonal : 6/m : P63/m

VII/B.39-170

Related minerals "Hoelzel Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula : Crystal system : Class (H-M) | Space Group | Indenture number]

Pyromorphite

Pb5(PO4)3Cl

hexagonal : 6/m : P63/m

8.BO.200

Mimetite

Pb5(AsO4)3Cl

hexagonal : 6/m : P63/m

8.BO.230

'Bellite'

8.BO.235

Vanadinite

Pb5(VO4)3Cl

hexagonal : 6/m : P63/m

8.BO.260

Related minerals "Dana 8. Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula : Crystal system : Class (H-M) | Space Group | Indenture number]

Fluorapatite

Ca5(PO4)3F

hexagonal : 6/m : P63/m

41.08.01.01

Hydroxylapatite

Ca5(PO4)3(OH)

hexagonal : 6/m : P63/m

41.08.01.03

'Carbonate-fluorapatite' (Var.v. Fluorapatite)

Ca5(PO4,CO3)3F

hexagonal : 6/m : P63/m

41.08.01.04

Belovite-(Ce)

NaSr3(Ce,La)(PO4)3(F,OH)

trigonal : 3 : P3

41.08.01.06

Belovite-(La)

NaSr3(La,Ce)(PO4)3(F,OH)

trigonal : 3 : P3

41.08.01.06a

Kuannersuite-(Ce)

NaCeBa3(PO4)3F0.5Cl0.5

trigonal : 3 : P3

41.08.01.06b

Fluorstrophite

(Sr,Ca)5(PO4)3(OH,F)

hexagonal : 6 : P63

41.08.01.07

Fluorcaphite

(Sr,Na)2(Ca,Ce)3[F|(PO4)3]

hexagonal : 6 : P63

41.08.01.08

Deloneite

(Na0.5REE0.25Ca0.25)(Ca0.75REE0.25)Sr1.5(CaNa0.25REE0.25)(PO4)3F0.5(OH)0.5

trigonal : 3 : P3

41.08.01.09

Hedyphane

Pb3Ca2(AsO4)3Cl

hexagonal : 6/m : P63/m

41.08.02.01

Svabite

Ca5(AsO4)3F

hexagonal : 6/m : P63/m

41.08.03.01

Turneaureite

Ca5[(As,P)O4]3Cl

hexagonal : 6/m : P63/m

41.08.03.02

Johnbaumite

Ca5(AsO4)3(OH)

hexagonal : 6/m : P63/m

41.08.03.03

'Johnbaumite-M' (Pol.v. Johnbaumite)

Ca5(AsO4)3OH

monoklin : 2/m : P21/m

41.08.03.04

Pyromorphite

Pb5(PO4)3Cl

hexagonal : 6/m : P63/m

41.08.04.01

Mimetite

Pb5(AsO4)3Cl

hexagonal : 6/m : P63/m

41.08.04.02

Vanadinite

Pb5(VO4)3Cl

hexagonal : 6/m : P63/m

41.08.04.03

Morelandite

Ca2Ba3(AsO4)3Cl

hexagonal : 6/m : P63/m

41.08.05.01

Alforsite

Ba5(PO4)3Cl

hexagonal : 6/m : P63/m

41.08.05.02

Mimetite-M

Pb5(AsO4)3Cl

monoklin : 2/m : P21/c

41.08.06.01

'Hydroxylapatite-M' (Pol.v. Hydroxylapatite)

Ca5(PO4)3OH

monoklin : 2/m : P21/c

41.08.06.02

Varieties

Miesit

Ca-haltiger Pyromorphit (bis 9% Ca an Stelle von Pb)

Polysphaerite

Other languages

Bosnian (Latin Script)

Piromorfit

Polish

Piromorfit

Spanish

Piromorfita

Italian

Piromorfite

Dutch

Pyromorfiet

German

Pyromorphit

English

Pyromorphite

French

Pyromorphite

Russian

Пироморфит

Traditional Chinese

磷氯鉛礦

Simplified Chinese

磷氯铅矿

Alternative Name

German

Bleiapatit

German

Braunbleierz

Brown Lead Ore

Bryode

Bryoîde

German

Buntbleierz

Swedish

Grön Blyspat

German

Grün Bleyerz

German

Grünbleierz

Lead phosphate

French

Mine de Plomb verte

Latin

Minera plumbi viridis

Muscode

Muscoîde

Phosphate of Lead

German

Phosphorblei

German

Phosphorbleyspat

German

Phosphorsaures Blei

German

Phosphorsäurehaltiges Blei

French

Plomb phosphaté

German

Polychrom

Polychrome

Pseudocampylit

Spanish

Pseudocampylita

Pseudocampylite

German

Pseudokampylith

Spanish

Pyromorphita

Sexangulit

Spanish

Sexangulita

Sexangulite

Japanese

緑鉛鉱

Automatic Links to external internet sources (Responsibility is with the operator)

German pages

DeWikiPedia - search for: Pyromorphit
Google-Bilder-Suche - search for: Pyromorphit
Mineralogisch-Petrographisches-Institut Hamburg - search for: Pyromorphit

English pages

Mindat - search for: Pyromorphite
Webmineral - search for:Pyromorphite
Handbook-of-Mineralogy - search for: Pyromorphite
RRUFF - Raman, XRD and other mineral data - search for: Pyromorphite
RRUFF - References and PDF downloads - search for: Pyromorphite
American-Mineralogist-Crystal-Structure-Database - search for: Pyromorphite
Athena - search for: Pyromorphite

Russian pages

Webmineral.ru - search for: Пироморфит

Mineral Dealer

German pages

hausen - Mineralgroßhandel - search for: Pyromorphit
Crystal-Treasure.com - search for: Pyromorphit
Bosse - search for: Pyromorphit

Locations with GPS information