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Ruthenium

Pictures (2 Images total)

Ruthenium
Views (File:
1141758290
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Ruthenium
gesinterte Platte: Größe: 2,0 cm; Gewicht: 4,1 g; 3N; Schmelzperle: Größe: 1,2 cm; Gewicht: 5,5 g; 3N5
Copyright: scheidewasser; Contribution: slugslayer
Collection: scheidewasser
Mineral: Ruthenium
Image: 1141758290
Rating: 7 (votes: 1)
License: Usage for Mineralienatlas project only
Ruthenium

gesinterte Platte: Größe: 2,0 cm; Gewicht: 4,1 g; 3N; Schmelzperle: Größe: 1,2 cm; Gewicht: 5,5 g; 3N5

Collection: scheidewasser
Copyright: scheidewasser
Contribution: slugslayer 2006-03-07
Ruthenium
Views (File:
1284890149
): 2389
Ruthenium
Größe: 0,4 x 0,3 mm; Fundort: Fluss Neiva, Sysert, Swerdlowsk Oblast, Ural, Russland
Copyright: Pavel M. Kartashov; Contribution: slugslayer
Location: Russland/Ural, Föderationskreis/Swerdlowsk, Oblast (Sverdlovskaya)/Sysert (Syssertsk)/Neiva, Fluss
Mineral: Ruthenium
Image: 1284890149
Rating: 5 (votes: 1)
License: Usage for Mineralienatlas project only
Ruthenium

Größe: 0,4 x 0,3 mm; Fundort: Fluss Neiva, Sysert, Swerdlowsk Oblast, Ural, Russland

Copyright: Pavel M. Kartashov
Contribution: slugslayer 2010-09-19
Locality: Neiva, Fluss / Sysert (Syssertsk) / Swerdlowsk, Oblast (Sverdlovskaya) / Ural, Föderationskreis / Russland

Collectors Summary

Color zinnweiß
Lustre Metallglanz
Hardness (Mohs) 6.5
Solubility ++ Säuren unter Zutritt von Sauerstoff, - Säuren, Königswasser
Crystal System hexagonal, P63/mmc

Chemism

Chem­ical formula

Ru

Chem­ical com­po­si­tion

Ruthenium

Unit weight: 101.072 u; Number of atoms in the formula: 1

Info

Empirical formula:

Ru

Element

Symbol

Weight%

Atoms

Atoms%

Atom weight (u)

Sum weight (u)

Ruthenium

Ru

100.00

1

100.00

101.0720000

101.0720000

Anal­y­sis wt%

Ru : 64.43, Ir : 14.62, Pt : 9.14, Rh : 7.05, Os : 5.29, Pd : 0.49, PLT : 99.80 (Ref: Min.J.Jap.74)

Strunz 9th edi­tion incl. updates

1.AF.05

1: Elemente (Metalle, intermetallische Legierungen, Metalloide u. Nichtmetalle, Carbide, Silicide, Nitride u. Phosphide)
A: Metalle und intermetallische Legierungen
F: Platin-Gruppen-Elemente (PGE)
05:Ruthenium-Gruppe

Lapis Clas­sifica­tion

I/A.13-030

I: ELEMENTE
A: Metalle und intermetallische Verbindungen
13: Platinmetalle und Platin-Eisen-Verbindungen, Verbindungen mit Zinn/Blei und Verwandte

Clas­sifica­tion by Hölzel

1.AG.100

1: ELEMENTS
A: Metals, Intermetallic Compounds, and Alloys
G: PGE-Group

Dana 8th edi­tion

01.02.02.02

01: Native Elements and Alloys
02: Native Elements with platinum group metals and alloys
02: Osmium group (Space Group P63/mmc)

IMA sta­tus

Anerkannt von der CNMNC

Min­eral sta­tus

anerkanntes Mineral

Optical Properties

Color

zinnweiß

Change in color

weiß mit leicht cremefarben in reflektiertem Licht

Diaphane­ity (Trans­parency)

opak

Lus­tre

Metallglanz

Anisotropism

schwach

Reflec­tiv­ity: (Lambda nm) ↓, ↑, Ø

(400) 68.80, , 68.80
(420) 69.10, , 69.10
(440) 69.50, , 69.50
(460) 70.00, , 70.00
(480) 70.30, , 70.30
(500) 70.60, , 70.60
(520) 70.70, , 70.70
(540) 70.50, , 70.50
(560) 70.10, , 70.10
(580) 69.50, , 69.50
(600) 68.80, , 68.80
(620) 67.90, , 67.90
(640) 67.00, , 67.00
(660) 66.00, , 66.00
(680) 65.20, , 65.20
(700) 64.70, , 64.70

Reflection chart Ruthenium

Reflec­tiv­ity Ø

68.67

Crystallography

Crystal Sys­tem

hexagonal

Class (H-M)

6/mmm

Space Group number

194

Space Group

P63/mmc

Cell param­e­ters a (Å)

2.70

Cell param­e­ters b (Å)

-

Cell param­e­ters c (Å)

4.28

Cell param­e­ters a/b or c/a

1.585

Cell param­e­ters c/b

-

Cell param­e­ters α

90°

Cell param­e­ters β

90°

Cell param­e­ters γ

120°

Z

2

Volumne (ų)

27.021

X-Ray Pow­der Diffrac­tion

2.343(40),
2.142(30),
2.056(100),
1.581(20),
1.353(20),
1.219(20),
1.143(20),
0.867(20)

XRD chart Ruthenium

Calculated from d-spacing and intensity at 0.1541838 nm (Cu)

Crystals 3D

Open larger view

Crystal Structure 3D

Open larger view

Physical Properties

Hard­ness (Mohs)

6.5

VHN (Hard­ness Vick­ers)

841 - 907, 872 Ø (100g)

Density (g/cm³)

12.2 (berechnet) 12.368 (gemessen)

12.422 ( ρ calc. Mineralienatlas )

Insta­bil­ity

++ Säuren unter Zutritt von Sauerstoff, - Säuren, Königswasser

Preface

Author (Name, Year)

Urashima & Wakabayashi & Masaki & Terasaki, 1974

Detailed description

Ruthenium als Element - Technische Daten

Ordnungszahl:

44

Dichte (g/cm3):

12,370

Härte:

6,5

relat. Atommasse (amu):

101,07

Atomradius (berechnet) in pm:

130 (178)

Oxidationszahlen:

2, 3, 4!, 6, 8

Elektronegativität (Pauling):

2,2

Elektronenkonfiguration:

[Kr]4d75s1

Schmelzpunkt:

2334°C (2607 K)

Siedepunkt:

4150°C (4423 K)

natürl. Häufigkeit:

0,01 ppm

References

Mineralogical Journal (Tokyo) 7 (1974), 438.

American Mineralogist 60 (1975), 946 (Zusammenfassung).

American Mineralogist 61 (1976), 177 (Zusammenfassung).

Quantitative Data File for Ore Minerals, 3rd edition, (1993) 493.

Canadian Mineralogist 40 (2002), 481.

Canadian Mineralogist 42 (2004), 631.

Varieties

Iridrhodruthenium

Ir-Rh-reiches Ruthenium

Other languages

Manx

Rutainium

Estonian

Ruteenium

Polish

Ruten

Catalan

Ruteni

Friulian

Ruteni

Tatar

Ruteni

Croatian

Rutenij

Slovenian

Rutenij

Bosnian (Latin Script)

Rutenijum

Serbokroatisch

Rutenijum

Spanish

Rutenio

Lithuanian

Rutenis

Corsican

Ruteniu

Romanian

Ruteniu

Sicilian

Ruteniu

Afrikaans

Rutenium

Indonesian

Rutenium

Javanese

Rutenium

Finnish

Rutenium

Swedish

Rutenium

Uzbek (Latin Script)

Ruteniy

Turkish

Rutenyum

Swahili

Rutheni

Vietnamese

Rutheni

French

Ruthenium

German

Ruthenium

English

Ruthenium

Occitan

Rutèni

Hungarian

Ruténium

Slovak

Ruténium

Portuguese

Rutênio

Latvian

Rutēnijs

Icelandic

Rúþen

Kurdish (Latin Script)

Rûtenyûm

Lojban

rukyjinme

Greek

Ρουθήνιο

Russian

Рутений

Serbian (Cyrillic Script)

Рутенијум

Ukrainian

Рутеній

Belarusian

Рутэній

Armenian

Ռոթենիում

Hebrew

רותניום

Persian

روتنیوم

Arabic

روثينيوم

Hindi

रुथेनियम

Bengali

রুথেনিয়াম

Tamil

ருத்தேனியம்

Kannada

ರುಥೇನಿಯಮ್

Malayalam

റുഥീനിയം

Thai

รูทีเนียม

Japanese

ルテニウム

Japanese

自然ルテニウム

Simplified Chinese

自然钌

Simplified Chinese

Korean

루테늄

CNMNC (IMA)-Number

IMA 1974-013

CNMNC symbol

Symbol

Ru

Automatic Links to external internet sources (Responsibility is with the operator)

German pages

DeWikiPedia - search for: Ruthenium
Google-Bilder-Suche - search for: Ruthenium
Mineralienatlas.de (Forum) - search for: Ruthenium

English pages

Mindat - search for: Ruthenium
Webmineral - search for:Ruthenium
Handbook-of-Mineralogy - search for: Ruthenium
RRUFF - Raman, XRD and other mineral data - search for: Ruthenium
RRUFF - References and PDF downloads - search for: Ruthenium
American-Mineralogist-Crystal-Structure-Database - search for: Ruthenium
Strahlen.org - search for: Ruthenium

Russian pages

Webmineral.ru - search for: Рутений

Mineral Dealer

German pages

hausen - Mineralgroßhandel - search for: Ruthenium
Crystal-Treasure.com - search for: Ruthenium
Bosse - search for: Ruthenium
Edelsteine Neuburg - Gundolf Fischer - search for: Ruthenium
Geolitho marketplace, by and for collectors - search for: Ruthenium

Locations with GPS information