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Salammoniac

Pictures (51 Images total)

Salmiak
Views (File:
1146042016
): 4771
Salmiak
Halde Anna 1, Alsdorf, Bildbreite: 4 mm
Copyright: Frank De Wit; Contribution: bardenoki
Location: Deutschland/Nordrhein-Westfalen/Köln, Bezirk/Aachen, Städteregion/Alsdorf/Anna
Mineral: Salammoniac
Image: 1146042016
Rating: 9.5 (votes: 2)
License: Usage for Mineralienatlas project only
Salmiak

Halde Anna 1, Alsdorf, Bildbreite: 4 mm

Copyright: Frank De Wit
Contribution: bardenoki 2006-04-26
Locality: Anna / Alsdorf / Aachen, Städteregion / Köln, Bezirk / Nordrhein-Westfalen / Deutschland
Salmiak
Views (File:
1475920213
): 1026
Salmiak
Salmiak xx (selenhaltig); Absetzerhalde, Ronneburger Revier, Thüringen, BRD; Bildbreite: 4,5 mm
Copyright: chribiedav; Contribution: chribiedav
Collection: chribiedav
Location: Deutschland/Thüringen/Greiz, Landkreis/Ronneburg/Absetzerhalde
Mineral: Salammoniac
Image: 1475920213
Rating: 9.5 (votes: 2)
License: Usage for Mineralienatlas project only
Salmiak

Salmiak xx (selenhaltig); Absetzerhalde, Ronneburger Revier, Thüringen, BRD; Bildbreite: 4,5 mm

Collection: chribiedav
Copyright: chribiedav
Contribution: chribiedav 2016-10-08
Locality: Absetzerhalde / Ronneburg / Greiz, Landkreis / Thüringen / Deutschland
Salmiak
Views (File:
1444110362
): 3118
Salmiak
Grube Schöller (Halde), Kladno, Böhmen, Tschechien. Bildbreite 1 mm; (Kristalle dieser Fundstelle zeigen überwiegend das Rhombendodekaeder)
Copyright: Ulrich Baumgärtl; Contribution: Ulrich Baumgärtl
Collection: Ulrich Baumgärtl
Location: Tschechien/Mittelböhmen (Středočeský kraj)/Kladno, Bezirk/Libusin/Kladno Mine (Schöller Mine; Schoeller Mine; Zdenek Nejedlý Mine; Nejedlý I Mine)
Mineral: Salammoniac
Encyclopedia: Rhombendodekaeder
Image: 1444110362
Rating: 10 (votes: 1)
License: Usage for Mineralienatlas project only
Salmiak

Grube Schöller (Halde), Kladno, Böhmen, Tschechien. Bildbreite 1 mm; (Kristalle dieser Fundstelle zeigen überwiegend das Rhombendodekaeder)

Collection: Ulrich Baumgärtl
Copyright: Ulrich Baumgärtl
Contribution: Ulrich Baumgärtl 2015-10-06
Locality: Kladno Mine (Schöller Mine; Schoeller Mine; Zdenek Nejedlý Mine; Nejedlý I Mine) / Libusin / Kladno, Bezirk / Mittelböhmen (Středočeský kraj) / Tschechien
Salammoniac
Views (File:
1712296164
): 16
Salammoniac
Nice quality, finished all around, Salammoniac specimen, from Ravat Village, Yagnob River, Zeravshan Range, Sughd, Tajikistan; Dimensions: 35 mm x 17 mm x 15 mm
Copyright: pegmatite; Contribution: pegmatite
Location: Tadschikistan/Sughd (Sogd; Leninabad), Provinz/Gissar-Gebirge/Fan-Yagnob-Becken/Ravat
Mineral: Salammoniac
Image: 1712296164
Rating: 10 (votes: 1)
License: Usage for Mineralienatlas project only
Salammoniac

Nice quality, finished all around, Salammoniac specimen, from Ravat Village, Yagnob River, Zeravshan Range, Sughd, Tajikistan; Dimensions: 35 mm x 17 mm x 15 mm

Copyright: pegmatite
Contribution: pegmatite 2024-04-05
Locality: Ravat / Fan-Yagnob-Becken / Gissar-Gebirge / Sughd (Sogd; Leninabad), Provinz / Tadschikistan
Salmiak
Views (File:
1295728978
): 5464, Rating: 9.25
Salmiak
Größe: 37x34x04 mm; Fundort: Ravat, Gissar-Gebirge, Provinz Sughd, Tadjikistan; Ex Wolfgang Henkel Sammlung
Copyright: Dan Weinrich; Contribution: slugslayer
Location: Tadschikistan/Sughd (Sogd; Leninabad), Provinz/Gissar-Gebirge/Fan-Yagnob-Becken/Ravat
Mineral: Salammoniac
Image: 1295728978
Rating: 9.25 (votes: 8)
License: Usage for Mineralienatlas project only
Salmiak

Größe: 37x34x04 mm; Fundort: Ravat, Gissar-Gebirge, Provinz Sughd, Tadjikistan; Ex Wolfgang Henkel Sammlung

Copyright: Dan Weinrich
Contribution: slugslayer 2011-01-22
Locality: Ravat / Fan-Yagnob-Becken / Gissar-Gebirge / Sughd (Sogd; Leninabad), Provinz / Tadschikistan
Salmiak
Views (File:
1385629470
): 3135
Salmiak
Bildbreite: 4 mm; Fundort: Absetzerhalde, Tagebau Lichtenberg b. Ronneburg, Thüringen, Deutschland
Copyright: Stephan Wolfsried; Contribution: Hg
Location: Deutschland/Thüringen/Greiz, Landkreis/Ronneburg/Absetzerhalde
Mineral: Salammoniac
Encyclopedia: Deltoidalikositetraeder (Ikositetraeder)
Image: 1385629470
Rating: 8.67 (votes: 3)
License: Usage for Mineralienatlas project only
Salmiak

Bildbreite: 4 mm; Fundort: Absetzerhalde, Tagebau Lichtenberg b. Ronneburg, Thüringen, Deutschland

Copyright: Stephan Wolfsried
Contribution: Hg 2013-11-28
Locality: Absetzerhalde / Ronneburg / Greiz, Landkreis / Thüringen / Deutschland

You find additional specimen at the Geolitho Museum

Collectors Summary

Color farblos, grauweiß, braun
Streak color weiß
Hardness (Mohs) 1.00 - 2.00
Solubility +++ H2O
Crystal System kubisch, Pm3m

Chemism

Chemical formula

NH4Cl

Chemical composition

Chlor, Stickstoff, Wasserstoff

Unit weight: 53.491708 u; Number of atoms in the formula: 6

Info

Empirical formula:

NH4Cl

Element

Symbol

Weight%

Atoms

Atoms%

Atom weight (u)

Sum weight (u)

Hydrogen

H

7.54

4

66.67

1.0079470

4.0317880

Nitrogen

N

26.18

1

16.67

14.0067200

14.0067200

Chlorine

Cl

66.28

1

16.67

35.4532000

35.4532000

Strunz 9th edition incl. updates

3.AA.25

3: Halide (Fluoride, Chloride, Bromide, Iodide)
A: Einfache Halogenide ohne H2O
A: M:X = 1:1 und 2:3
25:Salmiak

Lapis Classification

III/A.04-010

III: HALOGENIDE (Fluoride, Chloride, Bromide, Jodide)
A: Einfache Halogenide
4: Wasserfrei, Metall : Halogen = 1:1

Classification by Hölzel

3.AA.380

3: HALIDES
A: Simple Halides without H2O
A: Me/X=1/1
3: Halite-Group

Dana 8th edition

09.01.03.01

09: Halide Minerals
01: Anhydrous and Hydrated Halides where A X

IMA status

Erstbeschreibung vor CNMNC-Gründung (1959), als Mineral meist anerkannt

Mineral status

anerkanntes Mineral

Optical Properties

Color

farblos, grauweiß, braun

Streak color

weiß

RI value α / ω / n

1.639

Ri mean

1.639

2V angle

Isotropisch

Crystallography

Crystal System

kubisch

Class (H-M)

m3m

Space Group number

221

Space Group

Pm3m

Cell parameters a (Å)

3.876

Cell parameters b (Å)

-

Cell parameters c (Å)

-

Cell parameters a/b or c/a

1

Cell parameters c/b

-

Cell parameters α

90°

Cell parameters β

90°

Cell parameters γ

90°

Z

1

Volume (ų)

58.231

X-Ray Powder Diffraction

3.87(20),
2.74(100),
1.939(10),
1.733(10),
1.582(20),
1.370(10),
1.225(10)

XRD chart Salammoniac

Calculated from d-spacing and intensity at 0.1541838 nm (Cu)

Crystals 3D

Open larger view

Crystal Structure 3D

Open larger view

Physical Properties

Hardness (Mohs)

1.00 - 2.00

VHN (Hardness Vickers)

18 (ungefähre Angabe abgeleitet aus der Mohshärte)

Density (g/cm³)

1.525 ( ρ calc. Mineralienatlas )

Instability

+++ H2O

Preface

Author (Name, Year)

Agricola, 1546

References

Handbook of Mineralogy (Anthony et al.), 3 (1997), 488

Other languages

French

Ammoniac

English

Salammoniac

Spanish

Salmiac

German

Salmiak

Russian

Нашатырь

Alternative Name

German

Ammoniumchlorid

Italian

Chlorammonio

English

Chlorammonium

English

Chloride of Ammonium

French

Chlorure d'ammonium

English

Muriate of Ammonia

German

Natürliches Salmiak

English

Sal ammoniac

Latin

Sal ammoniacus

Sal-Ammoniac

German

Salammoniak

Norwegian (Bokmål)

Salmiakk

French

Sel ammoniac

CNMNC symbol

Symbol

Sam

Locations with GPS information

IDs

GUSID (Global unique identifier short form) sI4ZiUtRakiH56P0VI127g
GUID (Global unique identifier) 89198EB0-514B-486A-87E7-A3F4548D76EE
Database ID 3368