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Simpsonite

Pictures (2 Images total)

Simpsonit
Views (File:
1259467057
): 1055
Simpsonit
Größe: 13x12x08 mm; Fundort: Alto-do-Giz-Pegmatit, Equador, Nordostregion, Brasilien
Copyright: Rob Lavinsky; Contribution: slugslayer
Location: Brasilien/Nordosten (Região Nordeste)/Rio Grande do Norte/Borborema, Bergbaudistrikt/Equador/Alto-do-Giz-Pegmatit
Mineral: Simpsonite
Image: 1259467057
License: Usage for Mineralienatlas project only
Simpsonit

Größe: 13x12x08 mm; Fundort: Alto-do-Giz-Pegmatit, Equador, Nordostregion, Brasilien

Copyright: Rob Lavinsky
Contribution: slugslayer 2009-11-29
Locality: Alto-do-Giz-Pegmatit / Equador / Borborema, Bergbaudistrikt / Rio Grande do Norte / Nordosten (Região Nordeste) / Brasilien
Simpsonit
Views (File:
1259467109
): 1339
Simpsonit
Größe: 16x15x08 mm; Fundort: Alto-do-Giz-Pegmatit, Equador, Nordostregion, Brasilien
Copyright: Rob Lavinsky; Contribution: slugslayer
Location: Brasilien/Nordosten (Região Nordeste)/Rio Grande do Norte/Borborema, Bergbaudistrikt/Equador/Alto-do-Giz-Pegmatit
Mineral: Simpsonite
Image: 1259467109
License: Usage for Mineralienatlas project only
Simpsonit

Größe: 16x15x08 mm; Fundort: Alto-do-Giz-Pegmatit, Equador, Nordostregion, Brasilien

Copyright: Rob Lavinsky
Contribution: slugslayer 2009-11-29
Locality: Alto-do-Giz-Pegmatit / Equador / Borborema, Bergbaudistrikt / Rio Grande do Norte / Nordosten (Região Nordeste) / Brasilien

Collectors Summary

Color farblos, bräunlichgelb
Streak color weiß
Hardness (Mohs) 7.00 - 7.50
Solubility - HCl, H2SO4
Crystal System trigonal, P3

Chemism

Chem­ical formula

Al4Ta3O13(OH)

Empir­ical formula (anal­y­sis)

Al4.00(Ta2.93Nb0.07)Σ3O13(OH)

Addi­tional chem. informa­tion

empirische Formel aus https://rruff.info, RRUFF ID: R050629.2 (aufgerufen 26.3.2020)
vereinzelt wird ein Gehalt an Fluor angegeben; bei diesen Analysen dürften jedoch kleine Verunreinigungen durch F-haltige Minerale wie Lepidolith die Ursache sein, siehe Ercit, T S, Cerny, P, Hawthorne, F C: The crystal chemistry of simpsonite. The Canadian Mineralogist 30 (1992) 663-671.

Chem­ical com­po­si­tion

Aluminium, Tantal, Sauerstoff, Wasserstoff

Unit weight: 869.60694284 u; Number of atoms in the formula: 22

Info

Empirical formula:

Al4.00(Ta2.93Nb0.07)O13(OH)

Element

Symbol

Weight%

Atoms

Atoms%

Atom weight (u)

Sum weight (u)

Hydrogen

H

0.12

1

4.55

1.0079470

1.0079470

Oxygen

O

25.76

14

63.64

15.9994300

223.9920200

Aluminium

Al

12.41

4

18.18

26.9815382

107.9261528

Niobium

Nb

0.75

0.07

0.32

92.9063820

6.5034467

Tantalum

Ta

60.97

2.93

13.32

180.9479100

530.1773763

Anal­y­sis wt%

Ta2O5 : 71.54, Nb2O5 : 1.82, SiO2 : 1.00, TiO2 : 0.02, SnO2 : 0.10, Al2O3 : 25.20, FeO : 0.16, CaO : 0.12 (Ref: Handbook of Mineralogy Vol. 3, S. 513 (1997))

Strunz 9th edi­tion incl. updates

4.DC.10

4: Oxide, Hydroxide (Oxide, Hydroxide, V[5,6]-Vanadate, Arsenite, Antimonite, Bismutite, Sulfite, Selenite, Tellurite, Iodate)
D: Metall: Sauerstoff = 1:2 und vergleichbare
C: Mit mittelgroßen [Kationen]: Lagen kantenverknüpfter Oktaeder
10:Simpsonit-Gruppe

Lapis Clas­sifica­tion

IV/D.27-020

IV: OXIDE
D: Oxide mit Verhältnis Metall : Sauerstoff = 1:2 (MO2 und verwandte Verbindungen)

Clas­sifica­tion by Hölzel

4.DK.180

4: OXIDES
D: Dioxides
K: Other Niobates, Tantalates
1: Cervantite-Group

Dana 8th edi­tion

08.07.05.01

08: Multiple Oxides with Nb, Ta, and Ti
07: Multiple Oxides with Nb, Ta, and Ti

IMA sta­tus

Erstbeschreibung vor CNMNC-Gründung (1959), als Mineral meist anerkannt

Min­eral sta­tus

anerkanntes Mineral

Optical Properties

Color

farblos, bräunlichgelb

Streak color

weiß

max. Birefrin­gence

0.058

Birefringence chart\! Simpsonite title=Birefringence chart Simpsonite

Michel-Levy Color Chart viewed according to the maximum birefringence (at 30μm). Mineral color is not taken into account. Click on the image to enlarge or change thickness.

RI value α / ω / n

2.034

RI value γ / ε

1.976

Ri mean

2.015

2V angle

Uniaxial (-)

Optical Data Luminescence

Color LW-UV (365nm)

 

gelblich weiß

Color SW-UV (254nm)

 

bläulich weiß

SW-UV Other Col­ors

 

gelblich weiß

After­glow (Per­sistant Lumi­nes­cence)

keine Daten

Crystallography

Crystal Sys­tem

trigonal

Class (H-M)

3

Space Group number

143

Space Group

P3

Cell param­e­ters a (Å)

7.377

Cell param­e­ters b (Å)

-

Cell param­e­ters c (Å)

4.514

Cell param­e­ters a/b or c/a

0.612

Cell param­e­ters c/b

-

Z

1

Volumne (ų)

212.741

X-Ray Pow­der Diffrac­tion

3.69(60),
3.196(30),
2.859(70),
2.609(40),
2.417(40),
2.131(60),
1.651(100),
1.395(50)

XRD chart Simpsonite

Calculated from d-spacing and intensity at 0.1541838 nm (Cu)

Crystals 3D

Open larger view

Crystal Structure 3D

Open larger view

Physical Properties

Hard­ness (Mohs)

7.00 - 7.50

VHN (Hard­ness Vick­ers)

1450 (ungefähre Angabe abgeleitet aus der Mohshärte)

Density (g/cm³)

6.65 (gemessen)

6.787 ( ρ calc. Mineralienatlas )

Insta­bil­ity

- HCl, H2SO4

Preface

Name from

Edward Sydney Simpson (1875-1939), für seine Verdienste um Mineralogie und Bergbau in Western Australia.
Weitere Einzelheiten finden sich in Stocklmayer, Vernon: Australian eponymous minerals and the names behind them. Simpsonite - Western Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy Vol. 20, Nr. 2 (2019) S. 37-40.

Author (Name, Year)

Bowley, 1939

Addi­tional Informa­tion

Eine Zeichnung der Kristallform von Simpsonit steht in der Mitte des Logos der Mineralogical Society of Western Australia Inc.

References

Bowley, H.: Simpsonite, Report of the Department of Mines Western Australia, 93 (1938) S. 88. [erste Erwähnung des Minerals in 5 Zeilen]

Bowley, H.: Simpsonite (sp. nov.) from Tabba Tabba, Western Australia. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia Vol. 25 (1939) S. 89-92.

Taylor, L.: X-ray studies of simpsonite. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia Vol. 25 (1939) S. 93-97.

McGregor, A.M.: Simpsonite and other tantalates from Bikita, southern Rhodesia. Mineral. Mag. Vol. 27, Issue 192 (1946) S. 157-165.

von Knorrring, 0., Hornung, G.: Simpsonite and stibiotantalite from Benson pegmatite mine, Mtoko, southern Rhodesia. Mineral. Mag. Vol. 33, Issue 261 (1963) S .458-466.

Ercit, T S, Cerny, P, Hawthorne, F C: The crystal chemistry of simpsonite. The Canadian Mineralogist 30 (1992) 663-671.

Other languages

German

Simpsonit

Spanish

Simpsonita

English

Simpsonite

French

Simpsonite

Russian

Симпсонит

Alternative Name

Calogerasite

Simpsonite (of Bowley)

CNMNC symbol

Symbol

Spn

Automatic Links to external internet sources (Responsibility is with the operator)

German pages

DeWikiPedia - search for: Simpsonit
Google-Bilder-Suche - search for: Simpsonit
Mineralienatlas.de (Forum) - search for: Simpsonit

English pages

Mindat - search for: Simpsonite
Webmineral - search for:Simpsonite
Handbook-of-Mineralogy - search for: Simpsonite
RRUFF - Raman, XRD and other mineral data - search for: Simpsonite
RRUFF - References and PDF downloads - search for: Simpsonite
American-Mineralogist-Crystal-Structure-Database - search for: Simpsonite
Strahlen.org - search for: Simpsonite

Russian pages

Webmineral.ru - search for: Симпсонит

Mineral Dealer

German pages

hausen - Mineralgroßhandel - search for: Simpsonit
Crystal-Treasure.com - search for: Simpsonit
Bosse - search for: Simpsonit
Edelsteine Neuburg - Gundolf Fischer - search for: Simpsonit
Geolitho marketplace, by and for collectors - search for: Simpsonit

Locations with GPS information