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Sonolite

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Sonolit
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Sonolit

Sterling Mine, Sterling Hill, Ogdensburg, Franklin, New Jersey, USA. BB: 2,4mm; Ex. R. Feigl Sammlung

Copyright: Mabu
Contribution: Mabu 2019-02-02
Locality: Sterling Mine / Sterling Hill / Ogdensburg / Franklin Mining District / Sussex Co. / New Jersey / USA

Collectors Summary

Color dunkelbraun, dunkel rötlichbraun, rosa braun, rötlich orange
Hardness (Mohs) 5.5
Solubility +++ HCl
Crystal System monoklin, P21/a

Chemism

Chem­ical formula

Mn9(SiO4)4(OH,F)2

Chem­ical com­po­si­tion

Mangan, Silicium, Fluor, Sauerstoff, Wasserstoff

Unit weight: 897.785716225 u; Number of atoms in the formula: 32.5

Info

Empirical formula:

Mn9(SiO4)4((OH)0.75F0.25)2

Element

Symbol

Weight%

Atoms

Atoms%

Atom weight (u)

Sum weight (u)

Hydrogen

H

0.17

1.5

4.62

1.0079470

1.5119205

Oxygen

O

31.19

17.5

53.85

15.9994300

279.9900250

Fluorine

F

1.06

0.5

1.54

18.9984033

9.4992016

Silicon

Si

12.51

4

12.31

28.0855300

112.3421200

Manganese

Mn

55.07

9

27.69

54.9380499

494.4424491

Anal­y­sis wt%

SiO2 : 27.60, MgO : 6.60, ZnO : 3.10, MnO : 60.40, F : 1.00, H2O : 1.60 (Ref: American Mineralogist 85)

Strunz 9th edi­tion incl. updates

9.AF.55

9: Silikate (Germanate)
A: Inselsilikate (Nesosilikate)
F: Insel(Neso)silikate mit zusätzlichem Anionen; Kationen in [4], [5] und/oder nur [6] Koordination
55:Klinohumit-Gruppe

Lapis Clas­sifica­tion

VIII/B.04-110

VIII: SILIKATE
B: Inselsilikate mit tetraederfremden Anionen
4: Kationen in tetraedrischer oder oktaedrischer Koordination [4/6]; Humit-Gruppe

Clas­sifica­tion by Hölzel

9.AI.380

9: SILICATES
A: Nesosilicates
I: Nesosilicates with OH
3: Chondrodite-Group

Dana 8th edi­tion

52.03.02d.03

52: Nesosilicates Nesosilicate Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O
03: Nesosilicates Nesosilicate Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
02d: Humite group (Clinohumite series)

IMA sta­tus

Anerkannt von der CNMNC

Min­eral sta­tus

anerkanntes Mineral

Optical Properties

Color

dunkelbraun, dunkel rötlichbraun, rosa braun, rötlich orange

Diaphane­ity (Trans­parency)

transparent bis durchscheinend

max. Birefrin­gence

0.026

Birefringence chart\! Sonolite title=Birefringence chart Sonolite

Michel-Levy Color Chart viewed according to the maximum birefringence (at 30μm). Mineral color is not taken into account. Click on the image to enlarge or change thickness.

RI value α / ω / n

1.764

RI value β

1.779

RI value γ / ε

1.790

Ri mean

1.778

2V angle

Biaxial (-) 79°~

Crystallography

Crystal Sys­tem

monoklin

Class (H-M)

2/m

Space Group number

14

Space Group

P21/a

Cell param­e­ters a (Å)

10.669

Cell param­e­ters b (Å)

4.872

Cell param­e­ters c (Å)

14.287

Cell param­e­ters a/b or c/a

2.190

Cell param­e­ters c/b

2.932

Cell param­e­ters α

90°

Cell param­e­ters β

100.30

Cell param­e­ters γ

90°

Z

2

Volumne (ų)

730.662

X-Ray Pow­der Diffrac­tion

3.616(40),
2.869(100),
2.699(50),
2.651(70),
2.608(70),
2.504(40),
2.458(50),
1.743(100)

XRD chart Sonolite

Calculated from d-spacing and intensity at 0.1541838 nm (Cu)

Crystal Structure 3D

Open larger view

Physical Properties

Hard­ness (Mohs)

5.5

VHN (Hard­ness Vick­ers)

530 (ungefähre Angabe abgeleitet aus der Mohshärte)

Density (g/cm³)

3.82

4.08 ( ρ calc. Mineralienatlas )

Insta­bil­ity

+++ HCl

Preface

Author (Name, Year)

Yoshinaga, 1963

References

Handbook of Mineralogy (Anthony et al.), 2 (1995), 743

Other languages

Spanish

Sonolita

French

Sonolite

English

Sonolite

German

Sonolith

Russian

Сонолит

Alternative Name

Sonolit

Japanese

園石

CNMNC symbol

Symbol

Snl

Automatic Links to external internet sources (Responsibility is with the operator)

German pages

DeWikiPedia - search for: Sonolith
Google-Bilder-Suche - search for: Sonolith
Mineralienatlas.de (Forum) - search for: Sonolith

English pages

Mindat - search for: Sonolite
Webmineral - search for:Sonolite
Handbook-of-Mineralogy - search for: Sonolite
RRUFF - Raman, XRD and other mineral data - search for: Sonolite
RRUFF - References and PDF downloads - search for: Sonolite
American-Mineralogist-Crystal-Structure-Database - search for: Sonolite
Strahlen.org - search for: Sonolite

Russian pages

Webmineral.ru - search for: Сонолит

Mineral Dealer

German pages

hausen - Mineralgroßhandel - search for: Sonolith
Crystal-Treasure.com - search for: Sonolith
Bosse - search for: Sonolith
Edelsteine Neuburg - Gundolf Fischer - search for: Sonolith

Locations with GPS information