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Spessartine (Spessartin)

Pictures (430 Images total)

Spessartin
Views (Image: 1411545764): 4974, Rating: 9.88
Spessartin

Größe: 7,6 mm; Fundort: Wushan Spessartin Mine, Tongbei, Provinz Fujian, China

Copyright: Matteo Chinellato
Contribution: Hg 2014-09-24
Locality: Tongbei (Wushan) / Yunxiao, Kreis / Zhangzhou, Präfektur / Fujian, Provinz / China
Spessartin
Views (Image: 1326878585): 3747, Rating: 9.73
Spessartin

Größe: 11,47 mm; Fundort: Wushan Spessartin Mine, Tongbei, Provinz Fujian, China

Copyright: Matteo Chinellato
Contribution: Hg 2012-01-18
Locality: Tongbei (Wushan) / Yunxiao, Kreis / Zhangzhou, Präfektur / Fujian, Provinz / China
Spessartin
Views (Image: 1411460921): 3231, Rating: 9.82
Spessartin

Größe: 7,2 mm; Fundort: Haramosh Mts., Skardu District, Baltistan, Northern Areas, Pakistan

Copyright: Matteo Chinellato
Contribution: Hg 2014-09-23
Locality: Nanga Parbat-Haramosh-Berge / Skardu, Distrikt / Gilgit-Baltistan (Nordgebiete; Northern Areas) / Pakistan
Spessartin
Views (Image: 1425388447): 2026, Rating: 9.78
Spessartin

Bildbreite: 6 mm, Fundort: Wushan Spessartin Mine, Tongbei, Provinz Fujian, China

Copyright: Frédéric Hède (Gluon)
Contribution: Hg 2015-03-03
Locality: Tongbei (Wushan) / Yunxiao, Kreis / Zhangzhou, Präfektur / Fujian, Provinz / China
Spessartin
Views (Image: 1287334414): 7314, Rating: 9.63
Spessartin

Größe: 1,84 mm; Fundort: East Grant Ridge, Cibola Co., New Mexico, USA

Collection: Domenico Preite
Copyright: Matteo Chinellato
Contribution: Hg 2010-10-17
Locality: East Grant Ridge / Grants / Grants District / Cibola Co. / New Mexico / USA
Spessartin auf Muskovit
Views (Image: 1516217153): 394, Rating: 9.8
Spessartin auf Muskovit

Glasklarer Spessartinkristall mit 8 mm auf Muskovit

Copyright: Andreas Schmid
Contribution: Andreas Schmid 2018-01-17
Locality: Chilas / Diamir, Distrikt / Gilgit-Baltistan (Nordgebiete; Northern Areas) / Pakistan

Collectors Summary

Color rot, rötlich orange, gelblichbraun, rötlichbraun, braun
Streak color weiß
Hardness (Mohs) 6.5 - 7.5
Solubility + HF, - Säuren
Crystal System kubisch, Ia3d

Additional information / Summary

Siehe auch Mineralienportrait: Granat - Spessartin

Chemism

Chem­ical formula

{Mn2+3}[Al2](Si3)O12

Chem­ical com­po­si­tion

Aluminium, Mangan, Silicium, Sauerstoff

Unit weight: 495.0269761 u; Number of atoms in the formula: 20

Info

Empirical formula:

{Mn3}[Al2](Si3)O12

Element

Symbol

Weight%

Atoms

Atoms%

Atom weight (u)

Sum weight (u)

Oxygen

O

38.78

12

60.00

15.9994300

191.9931600

Aluminium

Al

10.90

2

10.00

26.9815382

53.9630764

Silicon

Si

17.02

3

15.00

28.0855300

84.2565900

Manganese

Mn

33.29

3

15.00

54.9380499

164.8141497

Anal­y­sis wt%

SiO2 : 35.04, Al2O3 : 21.63, FeO : 1.86, MnO : 39.83, CaO : 1.78 (Ref: American Mineralogist 32)

Strunz 9th edi­tion incl. updates

9.AD.25

9: Silikate (Germanate)
A: Inselsilikate (Nesosilikate)
D: Insel(Neso)silikate ohne weitere Anionen; Kationen in oktahedraler [6] und gewöhnlich größerer Koordination
25:Granat-Gruppe

Lapis Clas­sifica­tion

VIII/A.08-030

VIII: SILIKATE
A: Inselsilikate mit [SiO4] 4--Baugruppen
8: Kationen in kubischer und oktaedrischer Koordination [8+6]; Granat-Gruppe

Clas­sifica­tion by Hölzel

9.AC.120

9: SILICATES
A: Nesosilicates
C: Garnet-Group
1: Pyralspites - 8-coord. Mg, Fe(2+), Mn(2+); Pyrope - Spessartine-Group

Dana 8th edi­tion

51.04.03a.03

51: Nesosilicate Minerals
04: Nesosilicates Nesosilicate Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
03a: Garnet group (Pyralspite series)

IMA sta­tus

Anerkannt von der CNMNC

Min­eral sta­tus

anerkanntes Mineral

IMA Classification

IMA Clas­sifica­tion

Garnet supergroup  ⇒ Silicate garnets; Garnet group (Z charge 12)

Optical Properties

Color

rot, rötlich orange, gelblichbraun, rötlichbraun, braun

Streak color

weiß

Diaphane­ity (Trans­parency)

transparent bis durchscheinend

RI value α / ω / n

1.800

Ri mean

1.800

2V angle

Isotropisch

Optical Data Luminescence

Color LW-UV (365nm)

 

orangerot

Most Common Acti­vator

Cr3+

Other Acti­vators

Mn4+

After­glow (Per­sistant Lumi­nes­cence)

Mit bloßem Auge konnte keine Phosphoreszenz festgestellt werden.

Crystallography

Crystal Sys­tem

kubisch

Class (H-M)

m3m

Space Group number

230

Space Group

Ia3d

Cell param­e­ters a (Å)

11.61

Cell param­e­ters b (Å)

-

Cell param­e­ters c (Å)

-

Cell param­e­ters a/b or c/a

1

Cell param­e­ters c/b

-

Cell param­e­ters α

90°

Cell param­e­ters β

90°

Cell param­e­ters γ

90°

Z

8

Volumne (ų)

1564.936

X-Ray Pow­der Diffrac­tion

2.91(20),
2.60(100),
2.37(10),
2.13(10),
1.886(20),
1.681(20),
1.614(30),
1.557(40)

XRD chart Spessartine

Calculated from d-spacing and intensity at 0.1541838 nm (Cu)

Crystals 3D

Open larger view

Crystal Structure 3D

Open larger view

Physical Properties

Hard­ness (Mohs)

6.5 - 7.5

VHN (Hard­ness Vick­ers)

1450 (ungefähre Angabe abgeleitet aus der Mohshärte)

Density (g/cm³)

4.18

4.202 ( ρ calc. Mineralienatlas )

Insta­bil­ity

+ HF, - Säuren

Preface

Name from

dem Spessart

Author (Name, Year)

Beudant, 1832

References

Handbook of Mineralogy (Anthony et al.), 2 (1995), 746.

Grew, E.S., Locock, A.J., Mills, S.J., Galuskina, I.O., Galuskin, E.V., Halenius, U., 2012; Nomenclature of the garnet supergroup. American Mineralogist; preprint December 2012 - [Formel].

IMA group assignments

 
neue Definition: {X3}[Y2](Z3)φ12
kubisch
 


 
 
 
{Fe2+3}[Al2](Si3)O12
kubisch
Ia3d

 
 
 
{Ca3}[Fe3+2](Si3)O12
kubisch
Ia3d

 
 
 
{Mn2+3}[Fe3+2](Si3)O12
kubisch
Ia3d

 
 
 
{Ca3}[V3+2](Si3)O12
kubisch
Ia3d

 
 
 
{Ca3}[V3+2](Si3)O12
kubisch
Ia3d

 
 
 
{Ca3}[Al2](Si3)O12
kubisch
Ia3d

 
 
 
{Ca3}[Ti2](SiAl2)O12
kubisch
Ia3d

 
 
 
{Mg3}[Cr3+2](Si3)O12
kubisch
Ia3d

 
 
 
Mg3(MgSi)(SiO4)3
kubisch
 

 
 
 
{Y2Ca}[Mg2](Si3)O12
kubisch
Ia3d

 
 
 
{Mn2+3}[V3+2](Si3)O12
kubisch
Ia3d

 
 
 
{Ca3}[TiFe2+](Si3)O12
kubisch
Ia3d

 
 
 
{Mg3}[Al2](Si3)O12
kubisch
Ia3d

 
 
 
{Mn2+3}[Al2](Si3)O12
kubisch
Ia3d

 
 
 
{Ca3}[Cr3+2](Si3)O12
kubisch
Ia3d

Refresh list

Actuality: 01. Dec 2021 - 20:55:27

Related minerals "Strunz Classification" (9. Edition) [Mineral | Chemical formula | Crystal system : Class (H-M) : Space Group | Indenture number]

Pyrope

{Mg3}[Al2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

9.AD.25

'Garnet supergroup'

neue Definition: {X3}[Y2](Z3)φ12

kubisch : kubisch-hexakisoktaedrisch

9.AD.25

Katoite

{Ca3}[Al2](☐3)(OH)12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

9.AD.25

Majorite

Mg3(MgSi)(SiO4)3

9.AD.25

'Melanite' (Var.v. Andradite)

9.AD.25

Rubinite

Ca3Ti3+2Si3O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

9.AD.25

Wadalite

Ca6Al5Si2O16Cl3

kubisch : 43m : I43d

9.AD.25

Almandine

{Fe2+3}[Al2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

9.AD.25

Andradite

{Ca3}[Fe3+2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

9.AD.25

Calderite

{Mn2+3}[Fe3+2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

9.AD.25

'Hessonite' (Var.v. Grossular)

Ca3Al2(SiO4)3

9.AD.25

'Hibschite' (Var.v. Grossular)

Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4*x {x<0.2-1.5}

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

9.AD.25

Kimzeyite

{Ca3}[Zr2](SiAl2)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

9.AD.25

Uvarovite

{Ca3}[Cr3+2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

9.AD.25

Goldmanite

{Ca3}[V3+2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

9.AD.25

Grossular

{Ca3}[Al2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

9.AD.25

Holtstamite

{Ca3}[Al2](Si2)(☐)O8(OH)4

tetragonal : 4/mmm : I41/acd

9.AD.25

Hutcheonite

{Ca3}[Ti2](SiAl2)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

9.AD.25

Knorringite

{Mg3}[Cr3+2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

9.AD.25

Morimotoite

{Ca3}[TiFe2+](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

9.AD.25

Schorlomite

{Ca3}[Ti2](SiFe3+2)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

9.AD.25

Spessartine

{Mn2+3}[Al2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

9.AD.25

Momoiite

{Mn2+3}[V3+2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

9.AD.25

Kerimasite

{Ca3}[Zr2](SiFe3+2)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

9.AD.25

Toturite

{Ca3}[Sn4+2](SiFe3+2)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

9.AD.25

Menzerite-(Y)

{Y2Ca}[Mg2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

9.AD.25

Elbrusite

{Ca3}[U6+0.5Zr1.5](Fe3+3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

9.AD.25

Bitikleite

{Ca3}[Sb5+Sn4+](Al3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

9.AD.25

Usturite

{Ca3}[Sb5+Zr](Fe3+3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

9.AD.25

Eringaite

{Ca3}[V3+2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

9.AD.25

Dzhuluite

{Ca3}[Sb5+Sn4+](Fe3+3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

9.AD.25

Irinarassite

{Ca3}[Sn4+2](SiAl2)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

9.AD.25

Eltyubyuite

Ca12Fe3+10Si4O32Cl6

kubisch : 43m : I43d

9.AD.25

Adrianite

Ca12(Al4Mg3Si7)O32Cl6

kubisch : 43m : I43d

9.AD.25

Priscillagrewite-(Y)

YCa2Zr2Al3O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

9.AD.25

'Hydroandradite' (Var.v. Andradite)

Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x

9.AD.25

'Hydrougrandite'

(Ca,Mg,Fe2+)3(Fe3+,Al)2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x

9.AD.25

Nikmelnikovite

Ca12Fe2+Fe3+3Al3(SiO4)6(OH)20

trigonal : 3 : R3

9.AD.25

Henritermierite

{Ca3}[Mn3+2](Si2)(☐)O8(OH)4

tetragonal : 4/mmm : I41/acd

9.AD.25

Related minerals "Lapis Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula | Crystal system : Class (H-M) : Space Group | Indenture number]

Pyrope

{Mg3}[Al2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

VIII/A.08-010

Almandine

{Fe2+3}[Al2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

VIII/A.08-020

Spessartine

{Mn2+3}[Al2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

VIII/A.08-030

Calderite

{Mn2+3}[Fe3+2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

VIII/A.08-040

Knorringite

{Mg3}[Cr3+2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

VIII/A.08-050

Majorite

Mg3(MgSi)(SiO4)3

VIII/A.08-060

Menzerite-(Y)

{Y2Ca}[Mg2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

VIII/A.08-065

Grossular

{Ca3}[Al2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

VIII/A.08-070

'Hibschite' (Var.v. Grossular)

Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4*x {x<0.2-1.5}

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

VIII/A.08-080

Katoite

{Ca3}[Al2](☐3)(OH)12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

VIII/A.08-090

'Hydrougrandite'

(Ca,Mg,Fe2+)3(Fe3+,Al)2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x

VIII/A.08-100

Andradite

{Ca3}[Fe3+2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

VIII/A.08-110

Schorlomite

{Ca3}[Ti2](SiFe3+2)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

VIII/A.08-120

Morimotoite

{Ca3}[TiFe2+](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

VIII/A.08-125

Uvarovite

{Ca3}[Cr3+2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

VIII/A.08-130

Momoiite

{Mn2+3}[V3+2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

VIII/A.08-138

Goldmanite

{Ca3}[V3+2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

VIII/A.08-140

Eringaite

{Ca3}[V3+2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

VIII/A.08-145

Kimzeyite

{Ca3}[Zr2](SiAl2)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

VIII/A.08-150

Bitikleite

{Ca3}[Sb5+Sn4+](Al3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

VIII/A.08-160

Dzhuluite

{Ca3}[Sb5+Sn4+](Fe3+3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

VIII/A.08-165

Usturite

{Ca3}[Sb5+Zr](Fe3+3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

VIII/A.08-170

Irinarassite

{Ca3}[Sn4+2](SiAl2)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

VIII/A.08-175

Toturite

{Ca3}[Sn4+2](SiFe3+2)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

VIII/A.08-180

Kerimasite

{Ca3}[Zr2](SiFe3+2)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

VIII/A.08-185

Elbrusite

{Ca3}[U6+0.5Zr1.5](Fe3+3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

VIII/A.08-190

Wadalite

Ca6Al5Si2O16Cl3

kubisch : 43m : I43d

VIII/A.08-200

Eltyubyuite

Ca12Fe3+10Si4O32Cl6

kubisch : 43m : I43d

VIII/A.08-205

Holtstamite

{Ca3}[Al2](Si2)(☐)O8(OH)4

tetragonal : 4/mmm : I41/acd

VIII/A.08-210

Henritermierite

{Ca3}[Mn3+2](Si2)(☐)O8(OH)4

tetragonal : 4/mmm : I41/acd

VIII/A.08-220

Related minerals "Hoelzel Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula : Crystal system : Class (H-M) | Space Group | Indenture number]

Pyrope

{Mg3}[Al2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

9.AC.100

Almandine

{Fe2+3}[Al2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

9.AC.110

Spessartine

{Mn2+3}[Al2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

9.AC.120

Majorite

Mg3(MgSi)(SiO4)3

9.AC.140

Calderite

{Mn2+3}[Fe3+2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

9.AC.150

Knorringite

{Mg3}[Cr3+2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

9.AC.160

Momoiite

{Mn2+3}[V3+2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

9.AC.170

Related minerals "Dana 8. Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula : Crystal system : Class (H-M) | Space Group | Indenture number]

Bredigite

Ca7Mg(SiO4)4

orthorhombisch : mmm : Pnnm

51.04.01.01

Merwinite

Ca3Mg(SiO4)2

monoklin : 2/m : P21/a

51.04.02.01

Pyrope

{Mg3}[Al2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

51.04.03a.01

Almandine

{Fe2+3}[Al2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

51.04.03a.02

Spessartine

{Mn2+3}[Al2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

51.04.03a.03

Knorringite

{Mg3}[Cr3+2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

51.04.03a.04

Majorite

Mg3(MgSi)(SiO4)3

51.04.03a.05

Calderite

{Mn2+3}[Fe3+2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

51.04.03a.06

Andradite

{Ca3}[Fe3+2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

51.04.03b.01

Grossular

{Ca3}[Al2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

51.04.03b.02

Uvarovite

{Ca3}[Cr3+2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

51.04.03b.03

Goldmanite

{Ca3}[V3+2](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

51.04.03b.04

Schorlomite

{Ca3}[Ti2](SiFe3+2)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

51.04.03c.01

Kimzeyite

{Ca3}[Zr2](SiAl2)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

51.04.03c.02

Morimotoite

{Ca3}[TiFe2+](Si3)O12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

51.04.03c.03

'Hibschite' (Var.v. Grossular)

Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4*x {x<0.2-1.5}

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

51.04.03d.01

Katoite

{Ca3}[Al2](☐3)(OH)12

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

51.04.03d.02

Henritermierite

{Ca3}[Mn3+2](Si2)(☐)O8(OH)4

tetragonal : 4/mmm : I41/acd

51.04.04.01

Wadalite

Ca6Al5Si2O16Cl3

kubisch : 43m : I43d

51.04.05.01

Rondorfite

Ca8Mg[Cl2|(SiO4)4]

kubisch : m3 : Fd3

51.04.06.01

Alternative Name

Erinite (of van der Lingen)

German

Johnstonotit

Spanish

Johnstonotita

English

Johnstonotite

Mandarin Garnet

Partschinite

Spessartine Garnet

Italian

Spessartita

CNMNC symbol

Symbol

Sps

Automatic Links to external internet sources (Responsibility is with the operator)

German pages

DeWikiPedia - search for: Spessartin
Google-Bilder-Suche - search for: Spessartin
Mineralogisch-Petrographisches-Institut Hamburg - search for: Spessartin

English pages

Mindat - search for: Spessartine
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Handbook-of-Mineralogy - search for: Spessartine
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RRUFF - References and PDF downloads - search for: Spessartine
American-Mineralogist-Crystal-Structure-Database - search for: Spessartine
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Russian pages

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German pages

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