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Spionkopite (Spionkopit)

Collectors Summary

Color schwarz, blau
Lustre Metallglanz
Hardness (Mohs) 2.5
Cleavages {0001}
Crystal System trigonal, P3m1, P321, P3m1

Chemism

Chem­ical formula

Cu39S28

Chem­ical com­po­si­tion

Kupfer, Schwefel

Unit weight: 3376.1397 u; Number of atoms in the formula: 67

Info

Empirical formula:

Cu39S28

Element

Symbol

Weight%

Atoms

Atoms%

Atom weight (u)

Sum weight (u)

Sulfur

S

26.59

28

41.79

32.0655000

897.8340000

Copper

Cu

73.41

39

58.21

63.5463000

2,478.3057000

Anal­y­sis wt%

Cu : 73.43, S : 26.57 (Ref: berechnet)

Strunz 9th edi­tion incl. updates

2.CA.05

2: Sulfide und Sulfosalze (Sulfide, Selenide, Telluride, Arsenide, Antimonide, Bismutide, Sulfarsenite, Sulfantimonite, Sulfbismuthite)
C: Metallsulfide, M : S = 1 : 1 (und ähnliche)
A: mit Kupfer (Cu]
05:Covellin-Gruppe

Lapis Clas­sifica­tion

II/B.01-070

II: SULFIDE UND SULFOSALZE (Sulfide, Selenide, Telluride, Arsenide, Antimonide, Bismutide)
B: Sulfide, Selenide und Telluride mit Verhältnis Metall : S,Se,Te > 1:1
1: Kupfersulfide

Clas­sifica­tion by Hölzel

2.CA.100

2: SULFIDES
C: Sulfides (etc) with Me/S=1/1
A: With Cu Coordination Number ~[3] and ~[4], Layers
1: Covellite-Group

Dana 8th edi­tion

02.04.07.07

02: Sulfide Minerals
04: Sulfides - Including Selenides and Tellurides where Am Bn Xp, with (m+n):p=2:1
07: Chalcocite Group ([Cu]2-x S] formulae)

IMA sta­tus

Anerkannt von der CNMNC

Min­eral sta­tus

anerkanntes Mineral

Optical Properties

Color

schwarz, blau

Diaphane­ity (Trans­parency)

opak

Lus­tre

Metallglanz

Pleochro­ism

blau zu blassblau

Anisotropism

orange

Reflec­tiv­ity: (Lambda nm) ↓, ↑, Ø

(400) 26.1, 33.4, 29.75
(420) 25.8, 32.9, 29.35
(440) 25.1, 32.3, 28.70
(460) 24.2, 31.4, 27.80
(480) 23.0, 30.5, 26.75
(500) 21.8, 29.5, 25.65
(520) 20.5, 28.5, 24.50
(540) 19.0, 27.4, 23.20
(560) 17.6, 26.4, 22.00
(580) 16.3, 25.4, 20.85
(600) 14.9, 24.4, 19.65
(620) 13.6, 23.8, 18.70
(640) 12.4, 23.8, 18.10
(660) 11.2, 24.3, 17.75
(680) 10.0, 24.6, 17.30
(700) 9.06, 24.3, 16.68

Reflection chart Spionkopite

Reflec­tiv­ity Ø

22.92

Crystallography

Crystal Sys­tem

trigonal

Class (H-M)

3m, 32, 3m

Space Group number

164, 150, 156

Space Group

P3m1, P321, P3m1

Cell param­e­ters a (Å)

22.962

Cell param­e­ters b (Å)

-

Cell param­e­ters c (Å)

41.429

Cell param­e­ters a/b or c/a

1.804

Cell param­e­ters c/b

-

Z

18

Volumne (ų)

18917.098

X-Ray Pow­der Diffrac­tion

3.681(20),
3.076(80),
2.849(20),
2.777(30),
2.517(20),
2.297(20),
1.910(100),
1.820(30)

XRD chart Spionkopite

Calculated from d-spacing and intensity at 0.1541838 nm (Cu)

Physical Properties

Hard­ness (Mohs)

2.5

VHN (Hard­ness Vick­ers)

63 - 93, Ø 78 (15g), 120 - 162, Ø 141 (10g)

Density (g/cm³)

5.13

5.334 ( ρ calc. Mineralienatlas )

Cleav­ages

{0001}

(Co-)Type locality

(Co-)Type locality

Kanada/Alberta/Yarrow Creek-Spionkop Creek Lagerstätte/Spionkop Creek

Type mate­r­ial

Canadian Geological Survey, Ottawa, Kanada

Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario, Kanada

Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA

National Museum of Natural History, Washington, D.C., USA

Col­lec­tion number of type mate­r­ial

122290 (Harvard); 149430, 149431 (Washington)

Preface

Name from

Der Typ-Lokation Spionkop Creek

Author (Name, Year)

Goble, 1980

References

Canadian Mineralogist 18 (1980), 511

J.Grace, and W.E. Cameron (1977) Blaubleibender covellite and its relationship to normal covellte: Contrib. Mneral. Petrol. 60, 209-217

Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Monatshefte (1981), 489

Related minerals "Strunz Classification" (9. Edition) [Mineral | Chemical formula | Crystal system : Class (H-M) : Space Group | Indenture number]

Covellite

CuS

hexagonal : 6/mmm : P63/mmc

2.CA.05

Yarrowite

Cu1.2S

trigonal : 3m, 32, 3m : P3m1, P321, P3m1

2.CA.05

Spionkopite

Cu39S28

trigonal : 3m, 32, 3m : P3m1, P321, P3m1

2.CA.05

Klockmannite

Cu5.2Se6

hexagonal : 6/mmm : P63/mmc

2.CA.05

Related minerals "Lapis Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula | Crystal system : Class (H-M) : Space Group | Indenture number]

Chalcocite

Cu2S

monoklin : 2/m : P21/c

II/B.01-010

Djurleite

Cu31S16

monoklin : 2/m : P21/n

II/B.01-020

Digenite

Cu1.8S

trigonal : 3m : R3m

II/B.01-030

Roxbyite

Cu58S32

triklin : 1 : P1

II/B.01-040

Anilite

Cu7S4

orthorhombisch : mmm : Pnma

II/B.01-050

Geerite

Cu8S5

trigonal : 32, 3m, 3m : R32, R3m, R3m

II/B.01-060

Spionkopite

Cu39S28

trigonal : 3m, 32, 3m : P3m1, P321, P3m1

II/B.01-070

Yarrowite

Cu1.2S

trigonal : 3m, 32, 3m : P3m1, P321, P3m1

II/B.01-080

Related minerals "Hoelzel Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula : Crystal system : Class (H-M) | Space Group | Indenture number]

Spionkopite

Cu39S28

trigonal : 3m, 32, 3m : P3m1, P321, P3m1

2.CA.100

Yarrowite

Cu1.2S

trigonal : 3m, 32, 3m : P3m1, P321, P3m1

2.CA.120

Covellite

CuS

hexagonal : 6/mmm : P63/mmc

2.CA.150

Klockmannite

Cu5.2Se6

hexagonal : 6/mmm : P63/mmc

2.CA.160

Idaite

Cu3FeS4

tetragonal : 42m : I42m

2.CA.180

Related minerals "Dana 8. Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula : Crystal system : Class (H-M) | Space Group | Indenture number]

Acanthite

Ag2S

monoklin : 2/m : P21/n

02.04.01.01

Naumannite

Ag2Se

orthorhombisch : 222 : P212121

02.04.01.02

Aguilarite

Ag4SeS

02.04.01.03

Hessite

Ag2Te

monoklin : 2/m : P21/c

02.04.02.01

Cervelleite

Ag4TeS

monoklin : 2/m : P21/n

02.04.02.02

Uytenbogaardtite

Ag3AuS2

trigonal : 3m : R3c

02.04.03.01

Fischesserite

Ag3AuSe2

kubisch : 432 : I4132

02.04.03.02

Petzite

Ag3AuTe2

kubisch : 432 : I4132

02.04.03.03

Jalpaite

Ag3CuS2

tetragonal : 4/mmm : I41/amd

02.04.04.01

Selenojalpaite

Ag3CuSe2

tetragonal : 4/mmm : I41/amd

02.04.04.02

Mckinstryite

Ag5Cu3S4

orthorhombisch : mmm, mm2 : Pnma

02.04.05.01

Stromeyerite

AgCuS

orthorhombisch : mm2 : Cmc21

02.04.06.01

Eucairite

CuAgSe

orthorhombisch : mmm : Pmmn

02.04.06.02

Chalcocite

Cu2S

monoklin : 2/m : P21/c

02.04.07.01

Djurleite

Cu31S16

monoklin : 2/m : P21/n

02.04.07.02

Digenite

Cu1.8S

trigonal : 3m : R3m

02.04.07.03

Roxbyite

Cu58S32

triklin : 1 : P1

02.04.07.04

Anilite

Cu7S4

orthorhombisch : mmm : Pnma

02.04.07.05

Geerite

Cu8S5

trigonal : 32, 3m, 3m : R32, R3m, R3m

02.04.07.06

Spionkopite

Cu39S28

trigonal : 3m, 32, 3m : P3m1, P321, P3m1

02.04.07.07

Weissite

Cu2-xTe {x ≈ 0.21}

hexagonal : 6/mmm : P6/mmm

02.04.08.01

Bellidoite

Cu2Se

tetragonal : 4/m, : P42/n,

02.04.09.01

Other languages

German

Spionkopit

Spanish

Spionkopita

French

Spionkopite

English

Spionkopite

Russian

Спионкопит

Japanese

スピオンコパイト

Alternative Name

German

Blaubleibender Covellit (Spionkopite)

Catalog of Type Mineral Specmens - Das Mineral Spionkopit und Yarrowit wurden früher als "blaubleibender Covellit" bezeichnet - (Moh, 1971)

English

Blaubleibender Covellite (Spionkopite)

Catalog of Type Mineral Specmens - The minerals spionkopite and yarrowite were previously called "blaubleibender covellite" - (Moh, 1971)

IMA Number

IMA 1978-023

Automatic Links to external internet sources (Responsibility is with the operator)

German pages

DeWikiPedia - search for: Spionkopit
Google-Bilder-Suche - search for: Spionkopit
Mineralogisch-Petrographisches-Institut Hamburg - search for: Spionkopit

English pages

Mindat - search for: Spionkopite
Webmineral - search for:Spionkopite
Handbook-of-Mineralogy - search for: Spionkopite
RRUFF - Raman, XRD and other mineral data - search for: Spionkopite
RRUFF - References and PDF downloads - search for: Spionkopite
American-Mineralogist-Crystal-Structure-Database - search for: Spionkopite
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Russian pages

Webmineral.ru - search for: Спионкопит

Mineral Dealer

German pages

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Locations with GPS information