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Valentinite

Pictures (107 Images total)

Valentinit
Views (Image: 1457101807): 3057, Rating: 9.63
Valentinit

Obernberg, Wipptal, Tirol, Österreich. Bildbreite 1,7 mm

Collection: Wilhelm Böttcher
Copyright: Kainosit
Contribution: Kainosit 2016-03-04
Locality: Bleibergbau Obernberg / Obernberg / Wipptal / Innsbruck Land, Bezirk / Tirol / Österreich
Valentinit
Views (Image: 1264950739): 3746
Valentinit

Größe: 1,64 mm; Fundort: Poggio Peloso, Paganico, Grosseto, Toskana, Italien

Collection: Domenico Preite
Copyright: Matteo Chinellato
Contribution: Hg 2010-01-31
Locality: Poggio Peloso / Paganico / Grosseto, Provinz / Toskana (Toscana) / Italien
Valentinit
Views (Image: 1446367036): 2124
Valentinit

Obernberg, Wipptal, Tirol, Österreich. Bildbreite 1,5 mm

Collection: Kainosit
Copyright: Kainosit
Contribution: Kainosit 2015-11-01
Locality: Bleibergbau Obernberg / Obernberg / Wipptal / Innsbruck Land, Bezirk / Tirol / Österreich
Valentinit
Views (Image: 1309028965): 3030, Rating: 9
Valentinit

Bildbreite: 5 mm; Fundort: Djebel Nador, Provinz Constantine, Algerien

Copyright: Christian Rewitzer
Contribution: slugslayer 2011-06-25
Locality: Nador n'Bails Mine / Djebel Nador / Constantine, Provinz / Algerien
Valentinit
Views (Image: 1272131501): 2180
Valentinit

Größe: 3,82 mm; Fundort: Pereta Mine, Pereta, Scansano, Toscana, Italien

Collection: Domenico Preite
Copyright: Matteo Chinellato
Contribution: Hg 2010-04-24
Locality: Pereta Mine / Pereta / Scansano / Grosseto, Provinz / Toskana (Toscana) / Italien
Valentinit
Views (Image: 1318679295): 2274
Valentinit

Bildbreite: 2,02 mm; Fundort: Fosso del Tafone, Manciano, Provinz Grosseto, Toskana, Italien

Copyright: Matteo Chinellato
Contribution: Hg 2011-10-15
Locality: Fosso del Tafone / Manciano / Grosseto, Provinz / Toskana (Toscana) / Italien

Collectors Summary

Color bräunlich rötlich, farblos, grauweiß, graulich, gelblich
Streak color weiß
Hardness (Mohs) 2.5 - 3
Solubility +++ HCl, Säuren
Crystal System orthorhombisch, Pccn
Morphology prismatisch, säulig, nadelig, blättrig, tafelig; einzelne prismatische xx eher selten, häufig büschelig, strahlig oder in wirren Aggregaten

Chemism

Chem­ical formula

Sb2O3

Chem­ical com­po­si­tion

Antimon, Sauerstoff

Unit weight: 291.51849 u; Number of atoms in the formula: 5

Info

Empirical formula:

Sb2O3

Element

Symbol

Weight%

Atoms

Atoms%

Atom weight (u)

Sum weight (u)

Oxygen

O

16.46

3

60.00

15.9994300

47.9982900

Antimony

Sb

83.54

2

40.00

121.7601000

243.5202000

Anal­y­sis wt%

? Sb2O3 : 99.00

Strunz 9th edi­tion incl. updates

4.CB.55

4: Oxide, Hydroxide (Oxide, Hydroxide, V[5,6]-Vanadate, Arsenite, Antimonite, Bismutite, Sulfite, Selenite, Tellurite, Iodate)
C: Metall: Sauerstoff = 2: 3,3: 5, und vergleichbare
B: Mit mittelgroßen Kationen
55:Valentinit-Gruppe

Lapis Clas­sifica­tion

IV/C.01-020

IV: OXIDE
C: Oxide mit Verhältnis Metall : Sauerstoff = 2:3 (M2O3 und ver-wandte Verbindungen)

Clas­sifica­tion by Hölzel

4.CA.160

4: OXIDES
C: R2O3 Sesquioxides
A: Arsenolite-Group

Dana 8th edi­tion

04.03.11.01

04: Oxide Minerals
03: Simple Oxides with a cation charge of 3+ (A+++2 O3)

IMA sta­tus

Anerkannt von der CNMNC

Min­eral sta­tus

anerkanntes Mineral

Optical Properties

Color

bräunlich rötlich, farblos, grauweiß, graulich, gelblich

Streak color

weiß

Diaphane­ity (Trans­parency)

transparent

max. Birefrin­gence

0.17

Birefringence chart\! Valentinite title=Birefringence chart Valentinite

Michel-Levy Color Chart viewed according to the maximum birefringence (at 30μm). Mineral color is not taken into account. Click on the image to enlarge or change thickness.

RI value α / ω / n

2.18

RI value β

2.35

RI value γ / ε

2.35

Ri mean

2.293

2V angle

Biaxial (-) v.sm

Optical Data Luminescence

Lumi­nes­cence

keine Fluoreszenz bekannt

Crystallography

Crystal Sys­tem

orthorhombisch

Class (H-M)

mmm

Space Group number

56

Space Group

Pccn

Cell param­e­ters a (Å)

4.914

Cell param­e­ters b (Å)

12.468

Cell param­e­ters c (Å)

5.421

Cell param­e­ters a/b or c/a

0.394

Cell param­e­ters c/b

0.435

Cell param­e­ters α

90°

Cell param­e­ters β

90°

Cell param­e­ters γ

90°

Z

4

Volumne (ų)

332.132

X-Ray Pow­der Diffrac­tion

4.571(20),
3.494(20),
3.174(20),
3.142(100),
3.118(70),
2.650(10),
1.929(10),
1.805(20)

XRD chart Valentinite

Calculated from d-spacing and intensity at 0.1541838 nm (Cu)

Morphol­ogy

prismatisch, säulig, nadelig, blättrig, tafelig; einzelne prismatische xx eher selten, häufig büschelig, strahlig oder in wirren Aggregaten

Crystals 3D

Open larger view

Crystal Structure 3D

Open larger view

Physical Properties

Hard­ness (Mohs)

2.5 - 3

VHN (Hard­ness Vick­ers)

192 (100g)

Density (g/cm³)

5.6 - 5.8 / Durchschnittlich = 5.69

5.83 ( ρ calc. Mineralienatlas )

Radioac­tiv­ity

nicht radioaktiv

Insta­bil­ity

+++ HCl, Säuren

Preface

Occurrences

als Verwitterungsprodukt antimonhaltiger Mineralien in den oxidierten Zonen hydrothermaler Antimonlagerstätten

Gen­er­a­tion con­di­tions

Oxidation von Sb-Sulfiden

Asso­cia­tions

Stibnit, Antimon, Stibiconit, Kermesit, Cervantit, Tetraedrit

Rare­ness

in geringen Mengen recht verbreitet auf vielen Sb-Lagerstätten, in einigen Lagerstätten auch in größeren Mengen vorkommend

Name from

Basilius Valentinus, Alchimist (Person umstritten, wohl Deckname mehrerer Alchimisten) und Entdecker

Author (Name, Year)

Haidinger, 1845

Safety Instructions

Industrial chemicals are often present in powder form and therefore often contain much higher dangers than natural, crystalline substances. These hazard statements refer to the classification of industrially used chemical compounds that may also occur in this natural mineral. The hazard classification makes no claim to completeness.




Safety classes: H351: Kann vermutlich Krebs erzeugen., P281: (Vorgeschriebene persönliche Schutzausrüstung verwenden.) aufgehoben

References

Handbook of Mineralogy (Anthony et al.), 3 (1997), 590

Related minerals "Strunz Classification" (9. Edition) [Mineral | Chemical formula | Crystal system : Class (H-M) : Space Group | Indenture number]

Valentinite

Sb2O3

orthorhombisch : mmm : Pccn

4.CB.55

Related minerals "Lapis Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula | Crystal system : Class (H-M) : Space Group | Indenture number]

Claudetite

As2O3

monoklin : 2/m : P21/n

IV/C.01-010

Stibioclaudetit

AsSbO3

monoklin : 2m : P21/n

IV/C.01-015

Valentinite

Sb2O3

orthorhombisch : mmm : Pccn

IV/C.01-020

'Auroantimonate'

AuSbO3

IV/C.01-030

Related minerals "Hoelzel Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula : Crystal system : Class (H-M) | Space Group | Indenture number]

Arsenolite

As2O3

kubisch : m3m : Fd3m

4.CA.100

Sénarmontite

Sb2O3

kubisch : m3m : Fd3m

4.CA.110

Sillénite

Bi12SiO20

kubisch : 23 : I23

4.CA.120

Avicennite

Tl2O3

kubisch : m3 : Ia3

4.CA.140

Valentinite

Sb2O3

orthorhombisch : mmm : Pccn

4.CA.160

Claudetite

As2O3

monoklin : 2/m : P21/n

4.CA.170

Lucabindiite

(K,NH4)As4O6(Cl,Br)

hexagonal : 6/mmm : P6/mmm

4.CA.172

Stibioclaudetit

AsSbO3

monoklin : 2m : P21/n

4.CA.174

Bismite

Bi2O3

monoklin : 2/m : P21/c

4.CA.180

Sphaerobismoite

Bi2O3

tetragonal : 422 : P42212

4.CA.190

Related minerals "Dana 8. Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula : Crystal system : Class (H-M) | Space Group | Indenture number]

Claudetite

As2O3

monoklin : 2/m : P21/n

04.03.10.01

Bismite

Bi2O3

monoklin : 2/m : P21/c

04.03.10.02

Stibioclaudetit

AsSbO3

monoklin : 2m : P21/n

04.03.10.03

Valentinite

Sb2O3

orthorhombisch : mmm : Pccn

04.03.11.01

Sillénite

Bi12SiO20

kubisch : 23 : I23

04.03.12.01

Sphaerobismoite

Bi2O3

tetragonal : 422 : P42212

04.03.13.01

Chrombismite

Bi16CrO27

04.03.13.02

Other languages

German

Valentinit

Spanish

Valentinita

English

Valentinite

French

Valentinite

Russian

Валентинит

Simplified Chinese

锑华

Alternative Name

French

Antimoine oxydé

German

Antimon-Phyllit

Swedish

Antimonblomma

German

Antimonblüte

German

Antimonige Säure

Italian

Antimonio bianco

Italian

Antimonio blanco

Antimonious acid

Latin

Antimonium spatosum album

German

Antimonophyllit

Spanish

Antimonophyllita

Antimonophyllite

German

Antimonphyllit

German

Antimonspat

German

Antimonspath

Antimony Bloom

Antimony trioxide

Spanish

Antmonio blanco

French

Chaux d'antimoine natif

French

Chaux d'antimoine natif

Exitlite

French

Exitèle

Exitèlite

English

Exitèlite

German

Weißspießglanzerz

White Antimony

Simplified Chinese

白锑矿

Automatic Links to external internet sources (Responsibility is with the operator)

German pages

DeWikiPedia - search for: Valentinit
Google-Bilder-Suche - search for: Valentinit
Mineralogisch-Petrographisches-Institut Hamburg - search for: Valentinit

English pages

Mindat - search for: Valentinite
Webmineral - search for:Valentinite
Handbook-of-Mineralogy - search for: Valentinite
RRUFF - Raman, XRD and other mineral data - search for: Valentinite
RRUFF - References and PDF downloads - search for: Valentinite
American-Mineralogist-Crystal-Structure-Database - search for: Valentinite
Athena - search for: Valentinite

Russian pages

Webmineral.ru - search for: Валентинит

Mineral Dealer

German pages

hausen - Mineralgroßhandel - search for: Valentinit
Crystal-Treasure.com - search for: Valentinit
Bosse - search for: Valentinit

Locations with GPS information