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Wurtzite

Pictures (102 Images total)

Wurtzit auf Pyrit
Views (Image: 1341000493): 23796, Rating: 9.63
Wurtzit auf Pyrit

Bildbreite: 0,8 mm; Fundort: Grube Lengenbach, Binntal, Wallis, Schweiz

Copyright: Matthias Reinhardt
Contribution: Hg 2012-06-29
Locality: Grube Lengenbach / Fäld (Imfeld, Im Feld) / Binn / Goms, Bezirk / Wallis, Kanton / Schweiz
Wurtzit
Views (Image: 1328813823): 5793, Rating: 9.63
Wurtzit

Größe: 3,8 mm; Fundort: Val Pulita, Carrara, Apuanische Alpen, Massa-Carrara-Bezirk, Toskana (Toscana), Italien

Copyright: Enrico Bonacina
Contribution: Hg 2012-02-09
Locality: Val Pulita / Carrara / Massa-Carrara, Provinz / Toskana (Toscana) / Italien
Wurtzit auf Sphalerit
Views (Image: 1457282115): 6256, Rating: 9.08
Wurtzit auf Sphalerit (SNr: Car-Wurt-2-1-1)

Bildhöhe etwa 1,8 mm; Wurtzit epitaktisch auf Sphalerit aufgewachsen; Fantiscritti, Carrara, Italien

Collection: Klaus Schäfer
Copyright: Klaus Schäfer
Contribution: Klaus Schäfer 2016-03-06
Locality: Cava di Fantiscritti / Carrara / Massa-Carrara, Provinz / Toskana (Toscana) / Italien
Wurtzit
Views (Image: 1318495423): 2914, Rating: 8.75
Wurtzit

Größe: 7 mm; Fundort: Val Pulita, Carrara, Apuanische Alpen, Massa-Carrara-Bezirk, Toskana (Toscana), Italien

Copyright: Matteo Chinellato
Contribution: Hg 2011-10-13
Locality: Val Pulita / Carrara / Massa-Carrara, Provinz / Toskana (Toscana) / Italien
Wurtzit
Views (Image: 1275992783): 2292
Wurtzit

Größe: 9,78 mm; Fundort: Val Pulita, Carrara, , Apuanische Alpen, Massa-Carrara-Bezirk, Toskana (Toscana), Italien

Copyright: Matteo Chinellato
Contribution: Hg 2010-06-08
Locality: Val Pulita / Carrara / Massa-Carrara, Provinz / Toskana (Toscana) / Italien
Wurtzit neben Zinkenit
Views (Image: 1349014940): 990
Wurtzit neben Zinkenit

Mina San Francisco, Poopó, Provinz Poopó, Departamento Oruro, Bolivien; Bildbreite ca. 2-3 mm

Collection: Stefan
Copyright: Stefan
Contribution: Stefan 2012-09-30
Locality: Mina San Francisco / Poopó / Poopó, Provinz / Oruro, Departamento / Bolivien

Collectors Summary

Color rötlichbraun, schwarz
Hardness (Mohs) 3.50 - 4.00
Solubility +++ Säuren
Crystal System hexagonal, P63mc
Morphology büschelig, radialfaserig; gelartig in Schalenblende; pyramidal-kurzsäulige xx selten

Additional information / Summary

Es sind mehrere Polytypen bekannt:

Wurtzit-2H
Wurtzit-4H
Wurtzit-6H
Wurtzit-10H
Wurtzit-15R

Chemism

Chem­ical formula

(Zn,Fe)S

Chem­ical com­po­si­tion

Eisen, Zink, Schwefel

Unit weight: 95.08385 u; Number of atoms in the formula: 2

Info

Empirical formula:

(Zn0.75Fe0.25)S

Element

Symbol

Weight%

Atoms

Atoms%

Atom weight (u)

Sum weight (u)

Sulfur

S

33.72

1

50.00

32.0655000

32.0655000

Iron

Fe

14.68

0.25

12.50

55.8452000

13.9613000

Zinc

Zn

51.59

0.75

37.50

65.4094000

49.0570500

Anal­y­sis wt%

Fe : 2.43, Zn : 62.64, Cd : 1.84, Pb : 0.41, S : 32.10 (Ref: Dana, 7th ed. 1)

Strunz 9th edi­tion incl. updates

2.CB.45

2: Sulfide und Sulfosalze (Sulfide, Selenide, Telluride, Arsenide, Antimonide, Bismutide, Sulfarsenite, Sulfantimonite, Sulfbismuthite)
C: Metallsulfide, M : S = 1 : 1 (und ähnliche)
B: mit Zink (Zn), Eisen (Fe), Kupfer (Cu), Silber (Ag), usw.
45:Wurtzit-Gruppe

Lapis Clas­sifica­tion

II/C.13-010

II: SULFIDE UND SULFOSALZE (Sulfide, Selenide, Telluride, Arsenide, Antimonide, Bismutide)
C: Sulfide mit Metall : S,Se,Te ~ 1:1

Clas­sifica­tion by Hölzel

2.CB.600

2: SULFIDES
C: Sulfides (etc) with Me/S=1/1
B: With Zn,Cu (etc), Coordination Number ~[4] Framework of Cornersharing Tetrahedra: Sphalerite-Germanite-Family
6: Wurtzite-Cubanite Family Wurtzite-Group

IMA sta­tus

Erstbeschreibung vor CNMNC-Gründung (1959), als Mineral meist anerkannt

Min­eral sta­tus

anerkanntes Mineral

Optical Properties

Color

rötlichbraun, schwarz

max. Birefrin­gence

0.022

Birefringence chart\! Wurtzite title=Birefringence chart Wurtzite

Michel-Levy Color Chart viewed according to the maximum birefringence (at 30μm). Mineral color is not taken into account. Click on the image to enlarge or change thickness.

RI value α / ω / n

2.356

RI value γ / ε

2.378

Ri mean

2.363

2V angle

Uniaxial (+)

Optical Data Luminescence

Color LW-UV (365nm)

 

rot

LW-UV Other Col­ors

 

gelb

Most Common Acti­vator

Mn2+

After­glow (Per­sistant Lumi­nes­cence)

keine Daten

Crystallography

Crystal Sys­tem

hexagonal

Class (H-M)

6mm

Space Group number

186

Space Group

P63mc

Cell param­e­ters a (Å)

3.820

Cell param­e­ters b (Å)

-

Cell param­e­ters c (Å)

6.260

Cell param­e­ters a/b or c/a

1.639

Cell param­e­ters c/b

-

Cell param­e­ters α

90°

Cell param­e­ters β

90°

Cell param­e­ters γ

120°

Z

2

Volumne (ų)

79.11

X-Ray Pow­der Diffrac­tion

3.309(100),
3.128(90),
2.925(80),
2.273(30),
1.911(70),
1.764(50),
1.630(40),
1.599(10)

XRD chart Wurtzite

Calculated from d-spacing and intensity at 0.1541838 nm (Cu)

Morphol­ogy

büschelig, radialfaserig; gelartig in Schalenblende; pyramidal-kurzsäulige xx selten

Polytypes

Wurtzite-10H

ZnS

hexagonal

P63mc

6mm

Wurtzite-15R

(Zn,Fe)S

trigonal

R3m

3m

Wurtzite-4H

ZnS

hexagonal

P63mc

6mmm

Wurtzite-6H

ZnS

hexagonal

P63mc

6mmm

Wurtzite-8H

ZnS

hexagonal

P63mc

6mmm

Crystals 3D

Open larger view

Crystal Structure 3D

Open larger view

Physical Properties

Hard­ness (Mohs)

3.50 - 4.00

VHN (Hard­ness Vick­ers)

160 (ungefähre Angabe abgeleitet aus der Mohshärte)

Density (g/cm³)

4.03 (gemessen)

3.991 ( ρ calc. Mineralienatlas )

Insta­bil­ity

+++ Säuren

Preface

Author (Name, Year)

Friedel, 1861

References

Handbook of Mineralogy (Anthony et al.), 1 (1990), 579

Related minerals "Strunz Classification" (9. Edition) [Mineral | Chemical formula | Crystal system : Class (H-M) : Space Group | Indenture number]

'Matraite' (Var.v. Sphalerite)

ZnS

2.CB.45

Wurtzite

(Zn,Fe)S

hexagonal : 6mm : P63mc

2.CB.45

Rambergite

gamma-MnS

hexagonal : 6mm : P63mc

2.CB.45

Cadmoselite

CdSe

hexagonal : 6mm : P63mc

2.CB.45

Greenockite

CdS

hexagonal : 6mm : P63mc

2.CB.45

'Wurtzite-15R' (Pol.v. Wurtzite)

(Zn,Fe)S

trigonal : 3m : R3m

2.CB.45

'Wurtzite-4H' (Pol.v. Wurtzite)

ZnS

hexagonal : 6mmm : P63mc

2.CB.45

'Wurtzite-6H' (Pol.v. Wurtzite)

ZnS

hexagonal : 6mmm : P63mc

2.CB.45

'Wurtzite-8H' (Pol.v. Wurtzite)

ZnS

hexagonal : 6mmm : P63mc

2.CB.45

'Hexastannite'

Cu3(Sn,Fe)S4

hexagonal : 6mm : P63mc

2.CB.45

'Wurtzite-10H' (Pol.v. Wurtzite)

ZnS

hexagonal : 6mm : P63mc

2.CB.45

Buseckite

(Fe,Zn,Mn)S

hexagonal : 6mm : P63mc

2.CB.45

Hypercinnabar

HgS

2.CB.45

Related minerals "Lapis Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula | Crystal system : Class (H-M) : Space Group | Indenture number]

Wurtzite

(Zn,Fe)S

hexagonal : 6mm : P63mc

II/C.13-010

Buseckite

(Fe,Zn,Mn)S

hexagonal : 6mm : P63mc

II/C.13-020

Greenockite

CdS

hexagonal : 6mm : P63mc

II/C.13-030

Cadmoselite

CdSe

hexagonal : 6mm : P63mc

II/C.13-040

Rambergite

gamma-MnS

hexagonal : 6mm : P63mc

II/C.13-050

Related minerals "Hoelzel Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula : Crystal system : Class (H-M) | Space Group | Indenture number]

Wurtzite

(Zn,Fe)S

hexagonal : 6mm : P63mc

2.CB.600

'Wurtzite-4H' (Pol.v. Wurtzite)

ZnS

hexagonal : 6mmm : P63mc

2.CB.603

'Wurtzite-8H' (Pol.v. Wurtzite)

ZnS

hexagonal : 6mmm : P63mc

2.CB.605

'Wurtzite-10H' (Pol.v. Wurtzite)

ZnS

hexagonal : 6mm : P63mc

2.CB.607

'Matraite' (Var.v. Sphalerite)

ZnS

2.CB.610

Wassonite

TiS

trigonal : 3m : R3m

2.CB.620

Rambergite

gamma-MnS

hexagonal : 6mm : P63mc

2.CB.630

Buseckite

(Fe,Zn,Mn)S

hexagonal : 6mm : P63mc

2.CB.635

Greenockite

CdS

hexagonal : 6mm : P63mc

2.CB.640

Cadmoselite

CdSe

hexagonal : 6mm : P63mc

2.CB.650

Hypercinnabar

HgS

2.CB.670

Varieties

Voltzite

Wurtzit verwachsen mit einem organometallischen Zinkgemenge

Alternative Name

Buergerite (of Gagarin and Cuomo)

Buergerite (of Gagarin and Cuomo)

Erythrozinkit

Hurlburtite (of Gagarin and Cuomo)

Spiauterit

Spiauterite

German

Wurtzit-2H

Polytypname

English

Wurtzite-2H

Traditional Chinese

纖鋅礦

Simplified Chinese

纤锌矿

Japanese

ウルツ鉱

Japanese

ウルツ鉱-2H

CNMNC symbol

Symbol

Wur

Automatic Links to external internet sources (Responsibility is with the operator)

German pages

DeWikiPedia - search for: Wurtzit
Google-Bilder-Suche - search for: Wurtzit
Mineralogisch-Petrographisches-Institut Hamburg - search for: Wurtzit

English pages

Mindat - search for: Wurtzite
Webmineral - search for:Wurtzite
Handbook-of-Mineralogy - search for: Wurtzite
RRUFF - Raman, XRD and other mineral data - search for: Wurtzite
RRUFF - References and PDF downloads - search for: Wurtzite
American-Mineralogist-Crystal-Structure-Database - search for: Wurtzite
Athena - search for: Wurtzite

Russian pages

Webmineral.ru - search for: Вюртцит

Mineral Dealer

German pages

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Crystal-Treasure.com - search for: Wurtzit
Bosse - search for: Wurtzit

Locations with GPS information




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